To do that, they start with the children. The Party makes children devoted members of the Party by telling them to betray anyone for showing any signs of betrayal to the government, including their parents. Subsequently, this also turns them into uncontrollable savages. Winston witnesses this first hand while fixing Mrs. Parson’s sink. The little boy and girl continually call him a “traitor” and a “thought-criminal” and shoot him with a sling shot. Similarly, the thought police also betray others who they think could potentially challenge authorities.
The Thought Police observe people, even Party members, through the use of the telescreen which allows them to see and hear what people are doing. The role of the thought police is to observe a person’s actions and take note of anything that resembles an unorthodox opinion or an inner struggle. If they have evidence to allow them to think that you’re betraying Big Brother, they will vaporize you.
On top of that, the people of Oceania don’t know who the members of the Though Police are.
As a result, no one can truly trust another just as Winston says: “It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself- anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality, of having something to hide” (Orwell 65). Additionally, Room 101 was a way the Party encouraged betrayal.
Room 101 is a torture chamber in the Ministry of Love in which a prisoner is subjected to his or hers worst fear. Room 101 makes you betray whatever human individuality you’re clinging to including love, loyalty, or any percentage of hope there is. As soon as a prisoner betrays the source of their human individuality, they are then let go. Individual characters betrayal against each other also contributes to Winton’s final betrayal. Kind and amiable, Mr. Charrington sells the diary to Winston in Book 1 and lets Winston and Julia rent out the room above his store.
Winston is told by Mr. Charrington that “[He] never had [a telescreen]. [It’s] too expensive. And [he] never seemed to feel the need for it. ” (Orwell 218) He then turns out to be a member of the Thought Police and lured Winston and Julia into his elaborate trap. While being held prisoner, Winston encounters the one person who he thought wouldn’t be turned in, Mr. Parsons. While talking, he told Winston that his daughter turned him in for him blabbering “Down with Big Brother” in his sleep.
He was ignorantly proud of his daughter for betraying him saying “I don’t bear her any grudge for it. In fact I’m proud of her. It shows I brought her up in the right spirit, anyway. ” (Orwell 291) Sadly, while being tortured in Room 101 Winston is forced to betray Julia. They use rats as a form of torture for Winston until he pleads “Do it to Julia! Do it to Julia! Not me! Julia! I don’t care what you do to her. Tear her face off, strip her to the bones. Not me! Julia! Not me! ” (Orwell 358).
Afterwards, he talks with Julia without being secretive to the telescreens. He learns that Julia has also betrayed him too. She confesses that while they’re torturing you that “You WANT it to happen to the other person. You don’t give a damn what they suffer. All you care about is yourself… and after that, you don’t feel the same towards the person any longer. ” (Orwell 365) As a result of the constant betrayal throughout the novel Winston has nothing to live for. He becomes an alcoholic and has no more individual human characteristics.
The Party had made him believe that the memories of his sister and mother were false and also that they were always at war with Eastasia. He was finally like all of the rest of the controlled zombies that were recognized as the citizens of Airstrip One. He believed the slogan that “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength. ” At the end, the final betrayal is the betrayal of himself. He had completely transformed into a person who obeyed the Party and ultimately, loved Big Brother.