A Summary of Chapter 4 of Brave New World
Brave New World Dialectical Journal: Chapter 4 Introduction: Close your eyes, and think of a time in your life when you felt like you didn’t fit into a specific group or place. Now think about what it would be like to live there every moment of your life. Theme: The theme of chapter four is being an individual or being different from other people and feeling isolated. The reason that this is the theme of the chapter is that Bernard Marx and Helmholtz Watson both feel out of place in the society that they were placed in. Bernard Marx is insecure about his height and Helmholtz is a little too smart for his own good.
Because they both feel the same way, a friendship develops between them. Purpose: The purpose of this section is to introduce the feeling of isolation that Bernard and Helmholtz are experiencing. It develops a conflict within the story.
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Summary: Lenina tells Bernard that she accepts his invitation to go to the Savage Reservation in New Mexico. Instead of reacting with delight, Bernard is embarrassed and asks her is they can talk about it in private. Bernard also does not like that Lenina doesn’t mind talking about sex in public.
Lenina then walks away to find Henry to go on their helicopter date over the city. Benito Hoover wants to have a conversation with Bernard but he rushes away before he can say much. Bernard tells a group of Delta-minus to get his helicopter ready. This causes him to feel very insecure because he is a part of the upper caste but he is smaller than all the rest of the upper caste. He feels very alienated because of this and starts to become angry. He then goes to visit Helmholtz Watson who is a lecturer at the college of Emotional Engineering. Both of the men, in a way, are trying to find themselves.
Watson feels that there is another, more important way to say things. Both of the men feel that they are individuals. Bernard then tells Watson that Lenina accepted his invitation to go to New Mexico. Watson doesn’t show much interest though because he is preoccupied with the thought of a new way of writing. Bernard then gets very nervous and jumps because he thought he heard someone at the door listening. Quote and Analysis: Passage| Analysis| “A mental excess had produced in Helmholtz Watson effects very similar to those which, in Bernard Marx, were the result of a physical defect.
Too little bone and brawn had isolated Bernard from his fellow men, and he sense of this apartness, being, by all the current standards, a mental excess, became in is cause a wider separation. That which had made Helmholtz so uncomfortably aware of being himself and all alone was too much ability. What the two men shared was the knowledge that they were individuals. ”| This passage is significant because it reveals the insecurities of the two men. It also reveals the shallowness of the society that they live in.
This isolates her from everyone else and makes her different and I think this was purposely done to introduce the theme of being an outsider. Major elements in the author’s style: * Word Choice: His word choice makes you feel what the characters are feeling. For example, “Bernard’s pale face flushed” tells you that Bernard is embarrassed, without directly saying that he’s embarrassed. * Characterization: The author uses direct and indirect characterization to show the personalities of each character and to develop a conflict or a plot.
An example of this is that he portrays Lenina as a very straight forward and typical woman by making her seem so eager to have sex. He also depicts Helmholtz and Bernard as atypical characters by having them wonder about things outside of their society, and does this by making them different than others. * Plot development: The author lets the reader know that Bernard is going to be a focal point of the plot by making him appear differently than others and by making him think differently than others.