A Summary Of The Civil War Essay

8 August 2017

, Research Paper

The 1800 & # 8217 ; s were a disruptive clip for the United States of America. At that clip

the South was typically slave and the Northerners were traditionally for freedom. The

break one’s back provinces of the South and the emancipationist in the North were disputing and the

authorities acknowledging that made attempts to halt or detain the civil war. In 1819 Missouri

wanted to come in the Union a slave province. At this clip the 22 provinces of the Union were

divided equally 11 slave and 11 free. Northern provinces were afraid that if Missouri entered

as a slave province it would give the South a bulk in the senate. Southerners argued that

since the North had a bulk in the House of Representatives that it was merely just that

they had a bulk in the senate. Then in December 1819 three northern counties of

Massachusetts broke off and asked to be admitted to come in the Union as a free

province ( Maine ) .

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This made the Missouri Compromise possible. The Missouri via media

said that Missouri would be a slave province and Maine would be admitted

as a free province, it besides said that any province in the Louisiana Purchase North of Missouri & # 8217 ; s

southern boundary line would be a free province. This action delayed a deathly confrontation

between the North and the South, at least for awhile.

Then in 1828 Congress raised the duty on imported goods. In the South they didn & # 8217 ; T

hold really much industry so they had to import most of their good, so the duties were

unpopular their. One province that protested this action by Congress. Since the North had

more industry, the South felt that Congress was protecting the North by raising these

duties. South Carolina was the strongest dissenter of these duties. South Carolina

supported John C. Calhoun who said that a province could invalidate or blackball a national jurisprudence

within it & # 8217 ; s ain boundaries. In 1832 South Carolina & # 8217 ; s province legislative assembly declared the duty

Acts of the Apostless of 1828 and 1832 nothing or nothingness. They went even further by stating that if the

authorities tried to do them pay the duty they would interrupt off from the brotherhood.

Then President Andrew Jackson, who had said that the brotherhood must be preserved,

stated that he strongly opposed this nullification. Jackson besides let it be know that he

would direct 50,000 military personnels into South Carolina. This action scared South Carolina, and

when they asked other provinces for aid they got no promises of military assistance. Finally seeing

that his province was in bad form John C. Calhoun asked Henry Clay to assist him come up

with via media. They came up with a jurisprudence that would take down duty yearly over a 10

twelvemonth period until they were satisfactory.

After the Missouri Compromise and the nullification crisis were dealt with things

were comparatively quiet for awhile. Then in 1850 California requested admittance to the brotherhood

as a free province. California was the first province applying for province goon in the Mexican

Cession. Southerners feared if California was a free province the remainder of the district would be

excessively. Northerners felt they had to halt the spread of bondage to stop it wholly.

Then came another effort to decide the struggles between the North and the

South. In January of 1850 Senator Henry Clay proposed a program. His program was divided

into six parts. The first portion was that California would be admitted to the Union as a non-

slave province. The 2nd portion was that Utah and New Mexico could make up one’s mind if they wanted

to be slave provinces of free provinces when they applied for statehood. The 3rd and Fourth

parts were tied into each other, the 3rd portion was that Land in difference between New

Mexico and Texas would travel to New Mexico and for giving up this land Texas would

receive 10 million dollars. The 5th portion was that purchasing and merchandising of slaves but non

bondage wouldn & # 8217 ; t be allowed in the District of Columbia. The 6th and concluding portion was that

Congress would implement a jurisprudence saying that runaway slaves must be returned to their

proprietors. The measure was passed subdivision by subdivision until it became jurisprudence. This once more delayed

the inevitable.

Bondage: Bondage was one of the issues that the Northerners and the Southerners

fought approximately. In the south the chief manner of life was agribusiness, the chief hard currency harvest was

cotton. Cotton was a labour devouring harvest, it would be a adult male a luck to pay people

to work for him. Slaves were the reply to this job.

Slave proprietors didn & # 8217 ; t see the slaves as people he saw him as belongings. Slaves were

treated bad. Even the proprietors who saw themselves as just still treated their slaves as Canis familiariss.

They were on a regular basis beaten, they worked from morning boulder clay dark for free.

This unjust intervention was a ground why many slaves wanted to get away, or runaway

from their Masterss to liberate provinces where they would be free. One manner they escaped was the

belowground railway. It was called the resistance railway because it was secret and

the slaves were hidden at secret & # 8220 ; Stationss & # 8221 ; along the manner, the people who guided the

get awaying slaves were called music directors. One celebrated music director was Harriet Tubman. She

guided many many slaves to freedom.

Another celebrated slave was Dred Scott. Dred Scott was a slave who had been

taken to Illinois, a free province, so to the Wisconsin district where bondage was outlawed

by the Missouri via media. He was so returned to Missouri by his maestro. Dred

Scott so sued his Masterss widow for his freedom stating that it was illegal to be taken to

a free province so taken back into bondage. The supreme tribunal decided that slaves weren & # 8217 ; T

citizens so they didn & # 8217 ; t have the right to action. The supreme tribunal besides decided that slaves

were belongings, and the measure of rights protected belongings therefore Congress couldn & # 8217 ; t criminal

bondage in any of the districts.

This determination in the Dred Scott instance pleased many Southerners they felt that now

the new provinces would now be able to take to be slave provinces. The determination angered

many Northerners they felt that slaves were more than belongings and felt that this opinion was


In 1854 there was a measure that formed two districts in the Louisiana Purchase,

these provinces were Kansas and Nebraska. The measure besides said that even though these

districts were north of the anti-slavery line the people of the district would hold a

opportunity to vote whether to be free or break one’s back.

This measure would let Southerners to seek and add another slave province to the Union.

Pro bondage people started traveling into the Kansas district. The province of Missouri started

enrolling colonist who were for bondage and sent them to settle in the new districts. In

1855 people from Missouri crossed the boundary line and voted illicitly. The legislative assembly in

Kansas started doing pro-slavery Torahs. This angered the anti-slavery people so they

formed their ain authorities. With two authoritiess contending for control jurisprudence and order

broke apart. Peoples started contending and bloodshed took topographic point this it became known as

Shed blooding Kansas. There were foraies and slayings. One group pro-slavery group destroyed

the town of Lawrence and the antislavery newspaper at that place. As a rebuttal to this act an

emancipationist from Ohio named John Brown and his boies murdered five pro-slavery

militants, in Pottawatomie Creek.

John Brown was a overzealous emancipationists after this slaughter in Pottawatomie he

moved east. He was financially supported at that place by other emancipationists. On October 16,

1859 Brown led a group of 18 work forces in a foray to take the authorities armory at Harpists

Ferry, VA. They wanted to take the guns here so they hoped that slaves in the country

would arise and come and acquire the guns. Marines surrounded them. When Brown

wouldn & # 8217 ; t give up the Marines stormed him and captured him. He was convicted of

lese majesty and sentenced to decease.

Another Famous Abolitionist was Harriet Beecher Stowe. She wrote the celebrated

book Uncle Tom & # 8217 ; s Cabin. It was a book about the manner slaves were treated. At this clip

many Northerners had ne’er even seen a black individual so many sentiments of bondage were

formed from this book. Uncle Tom & # 8217 ; s Cabin made many people who could hold cared less

approximately bondage become abolitionists difficult nucleus.


Brown, Richars ; Bass, Herbert. One Flag, One Land. Silver, Burdett and

Ginn. Morristown, NJ. 1988

Allen, Thomas B. The Blue and The Gray. The National Georgraphic

Society. Washington D.C. 1992.

Abraham Lincoln: On Feb. 12, 1809 in a log cabin in Illinois Abraham Lincoln

was born. At the age of six Abraham and his sister walked & # 8220 ; up the route a piece & # 8221 ; ( 2 stat mis

each manner ) to travel to school. He learned the three R & # 8217 ; s, he liked authorship and said that

practiced & # 8220 ; anyplace and everyplace that lines could be drawn & # 8221 ; . In 1816 the Lincolns

moved to back countries Indiana. In 1818 Abe & # 8217 ; s female parent died. It merely took one twelvemonth for Abe & # 8217 ; s

male parent to see that the household needed a female parent so he went to town and married himself a

widow named Sara Bush Johnston. Abe and his sister learned to love their new female parent.

She helped everyone in the household. Most of all she helped Abraham. Sing how eager he

was to larn, she encouraged him to analyze. He subsequently said & # 8220 ; She was the best friend I of all time

had & # 8230 ; All that I am, I owe to my angel mother. & # 8221 ; All of his schooling equaled less than a

twelvemonth but he made up for that by reading. He was a brainsick reading sap.

When Abe was the proprietor of the state shop hired him to take a level boat to New

Orleans. This was his first opportunity to see the outside universe. Abe traveled 1,000 stat mis to

New Orleans, this is where Lincoln got his first gustatory sensation of bondage. He didn & # 8217 ; t like the visual perception

the slave packs in ironss being taken to the plantations. He subsequently said & # 8220 ; Slavery is a

changeless torture to me. & # 8221 ;

When Abe was 21 he decided he was ready to populate on his ain. So when his male parent

moved he stayed and make up one’s mind to travel to New Orleans once more. When he returned he worked as

a clerk in the town shop. This is where narratives about his honestness foremost started, people said

that he one time walked six stat mis merely to give back a few pennies to a adult female who had paid

excessively much for food markets. People knew that they would acquire a just trade when making concern

with & # 8220 ; honest Abe & # 8221 ; .

In 1832 he enrolled in the Black Hawk war. Lincoln was elected as captain of his

rifle company. This was an award to him but he knew nil of military life. During the

war he ne’er saw any action but he did see the adversities of military life. These

experiences gave him understanding for the soldiers contending for him during the civil war.

After the war the shop he was running in New Salem didn & # 8217 ; t work out. So he

bought another 1 with William Berry on recognition. Calendar months subsequently Berry died go forthing Lincoln

in debt $ 1,000. It took him old ages to pay it off. In 1833 Abe took an assignment as

deputy county surveyor. He had to larn how to study though. He studied all twenty-four hours and

sometimes all dark, and learned to study in six hebdomads.

In 1834 he was elected to the Illinois General Assembly. He was reelected in

1836, 1838, 1840. During this clip Abe was determined to go a attorney, so he

borrowed the jurisprudence books and studied them. Many times he would walk 20 stat mis merely to

return one and acquire another. On September 9, 1839 he received his jurisprudence licence. In

1837 he moved to Springfield he was ungraded hapless. So hapless, that he couldn & # 8217 ; t even afford to

purchase sheets for his bed. The shopkeeper felt so regretful for him he asked Abe to portion his


by 1839 Lincoln had established himself as a attorney in Springfield. At this clip he

met Mary Todd. She was besides being courted by a adult male named Stephen A. Douglas.

Mary & # 8217 ; s parents wanted her to get married Douglas, but she wanted Lincoln. She predicted that

someday he would be president of the United States of America. On February 4, 1842

they were married.

In 1847 he went to Washington D.C. to stand for Illinois. At this clip the

Mexican war was traveling. Lincoln antiwar addresss displeased his protagonist and he knew

he wouldn & # 8217 ; t be reelected. In 1849 he went back to ght Lincoln back into political relations. This

act allowed provinces to make up one’s mind whether or non they wanted to be slave or free. This would

allow bondage to distribute and Abe didn & # 8217 ; t like that thought. He began giving addresss against

this act. In 1856 he helped to form the Illinois subdivision of new Republicans. A party

formed by people desiring to halt the spread of bondage. In 1858 Lincoln was the

Republican nomination for senator from Illinois. When he addressed the province convention

he said & # 8220 ; A house divided against itself can non stand. I believe this authorities can non

endure for good, half slave and half free. I do non anticipate the Union to be dissolved-I

do non anticipate the house to fall-but I do anticipate it will discontinue to be divided. It will go

all one thing, or all the other. & # 8221 ; Lincolns opposition was S

tephen A. Douglas. Lincoln and Douglas had a clump of arguments on the slavery issue.

Lincoln won this election, but the arguments had raised the public oppinion of LIncoln.

His friends saw that people liked him and worked to acquire the Repulican nomination

in 1860. LIncoln now saw that he wanted to be president. Lincoln was nominated As the

Republican campaigner. The democratic party was devided with the North desiring Stephen

A. Douglas and the South desiring John C. Breckinridge. For his run Lincoln

stayed in Springfield. To avoid raising contention and possibly spliting the party he didn & # 8217 ; T

do any addresss. This worked nd he was elected as the first Republican president.

The election of Lincoln made Southerners angry. They felt that a Republican

would non esteem their rights. They believed that their lone hope was to seceed from the

Union. On December 20, 1860 South Carolina became the first province to interrupt away from

the Union.

When it came clip for Abe to go inaugurated as the six-teenth president of

the United States. He had many menaces against his life, none of them frightened him. He

Washington saware that there was great danger for a adult male in his place during a crisis. The

election of 1860 was a major factor in get downing the civil war. In his inaugural address

LIncoln said that he would esteem the rights of the south despite this the civil war began

six hebdomads subsequently.

At the start of the Civil War it appeared that the South would hold no opportunity of

winning. The North had more money more work forces they had the advantage. They had more

industry and other resources. These advantages were finally used by general Grant to

win the war.

There were some advantages that the South had though. One was the type of war

they had to contend. They could remain on the defensive until the North found out they couldn & # 8217 ; T

win. Another advantage was that Lincoln couldn & # 8217 ; t happen anyone to take his ground forces. He led

the ground forces himself for awhile.


Brown, Richars ; Bass, Herbert. One Flag, One Land.

Silver, Burdett and

Ginn. Morristown, NJ. 1988

Allen, Thomas B. The Blue and The Gray. The National Georgraphic

Society. Washington D.C. 1992.

& # 8220 ; Lincoln, Abraham & # 8221 ; . Comptons Encyclopedia. Vol. 13. 1986.

Flato, Charles. The Golden Book of the Civil War. Golden Press. New York.


At the start of the war the Union decided that to win they would & # 8220 ; strangle & # 8221 ; the

Confederate provinces. They came up with a program called the Eunectes murinus program, named for the

serpent wich wraps itself around it & # 8217 ; s victims and so suffocates them. This program consisted

of four parts they were ;

1 ) To barricade off the ports of trade of the Souths so they wouldn & # 8217 ; t be able to merchandise to

get supplies.

2 ) They would take the Mississippi River Valley therefore spliting the Confederacy

into two parts.

3 ) To take the Tennessee river and so into Georgia and split the Confederacy

even more.

4 ) The concluding end was to take the Confederate capitol of Richmond.

In July 1861 Gen. George B. McClellan had won some little triumphs. Peoples

wanted them to take Richmond. So on July 16, 1861 General Irvin McDowell led Union

military personnels south towards Richmond. On the manner the Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard

met them on the Bankss of the creek Bull Run. At first the Union military personnels were kicking butt.

Then they met a & # 8220 ; StoneWall & # 8221 ; a brigade commanded by a cat named General Thomas J.

Jackson, this earned him the name of stonewall Jackson. When supports arrived the

Union military personnels began to withdraw. At this point President Lincoln asked General McClellan

to develop the military personnels more. It took him a twelvemonth.

While these troop were developing general U.S. Grant was winning conflicts in

Kentucky and Tennessee. In 1862 he took Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River, when

the commanding officer asked for the footings of resignation Grant told him there were none except

& # 8220 ; Unconditional Surrender & # 8221 ; . Then people started stating his initials stood for Unconditional


After taking Fort Donelson he marched his troop on about to the boundary line of

Mississippi. It was by Shilo that confederates launched a surprise onslaught on Grants forces.

The conflict here lasted 2 yearss, it was counted as a Union triumph but it cost Grant 13,000

work forces.

These conflicts on land were really influential in the war, but one topographic point that the Union

forces had during the war was the warfare at sea. Because they did non hold any

resources for constructing ships the Confederates didn & # 8217 ; Ts have any big ships to dispute the

Union boats. This allowed the North to cut off all southern ports of trade without any

reistance from sea. The lone thing the Confederates had was ships called Confederate

plunderers. One celebrated Confederate ship was the Alabama in it & # 8217 ; s two old ages of service it sank

or captured 67 Union ships. It eventually was sank by the U.S. Navy & # 8217 ; s transport Kearsarge. The

two ships fought for more than an hr eventually the Alabama went down.

In March 1862, the South captured a Union boat called the Merrimac. They turned

the Merrimac into and ironclad, they covered the sides and decks with 4 inches of Fe.

This boat was renamed to the Virginia, it was to liberate the ports of Virginia by braking the

encirclement. At first it was succesful it sank one ship by pounding it, and it scared all the

others off. Union cannon balls bounced harmlessly off. Then the following twenty-four hours another

ironclad called the Monitor sailed up to the Virginia, it was called the Monitor. The

Monitor was a ship theat the Union had a discoverer physique for them it had one difference

from the Virginia alternatively of fixed guns it had a revolving gun turret. For hours they fired at

eachother they fired until they ran out of ammunition. Neither ship won the battle but afterwards

the Virginia had to travel in to acquire fixs.

In July, 1862 Lincoln told his cabinet that he had decided to publish a announcement

liberating the slaves. They told him to wait until the Union forces won and of import

triumph, otherwise it might look like an act of fright.

In September 1862 General Rober E. Lee, who had taken control of the

Confederate ground forces in an onslaught of Richmond, decided to assail Maryland. President

Lincoln put General McClellan, who he had taken out of power, back in bid to halt

this invasion. They fought a bloody conflict at Antietam Creek. The invasion was stopped,

but the conflict could merely be counted as a draw. Thie consequences did hold a good consequence for the

North. If Lee would hold won so Great Britain and France might hold given the

Confederates support.

The consequence besides gave Lincoln the opportunity to publish the Emancipation Proclamation.

He felt this was the triumph his cabinet had advised him he needed. So on September 22,

1862 he said that if by January 1, 1863 he would liberate every slave in all of the Rebel slave

provinces unless they rejoined the Union before that day of the month. None of the provinces were traveling to

return so on New Years Day 1863 Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. The

announcement didn & # 8217 ; t free any slaves because the slave provinces wouldn & # 8217 ; t liberate them and the

boundary line provinces didn & # 8217 ; Ts have to liberate their slaves.

One thing that happened because of the Emancipation Proclamation helped the

Union. As they pushed into the south former slaves would fall in them. Over 100,000 black

people that used to be slaves joined them. Besides the British people did non similar bondage so

there was less opportunity that they would assist the Rebels.

During the war black had a really of import function in the combat. In the south inkinesss

weren & # 8217 ; T allowed to contend. They weren & # 8217 ; T allowed in the North for a clip either, but after

Emancipation they were acceepted. About 200,000 balck work forces fought in the war, many of

them recieved decorations for their responsibility.

In 1863 one of the most polar points of the civil war took topographic point. By this point

the two chief figures of the war were U.S. Grant and General Lee of Virginia. General

Lee decided to occupy the North one time once more. He picked Pennsylvania, at this point he had

no opportunity for foreign assistance, but he thought that if he won a major triumph on Northern dirt it

might alter that fact. It would besides take down northern assurance. Last his work forces needed

apparels, nutrient, and other supplies. They could obtain these supplies in Pennsylvania In

June 1863 his ground forces advanced into Pennsylvania.

The Union ground forces of the Potomac was besides traveling. They were seeking to maintain in front

of Confederate forces. They were led by General Goerge G. Meade.

Neither of the general was ready to contend a conflict in early July, but on July 1 lookout

unit of each ground forces were processing along and about by opportunity they ran into eachother. As

they fought both sides were hotfooting supports every bit fast as they could. On the first twenty-four hours

the Confederates pushed the Union soldiers back but by the terminal of the twenty-four hours 1000s of

them had reached cemetary hill where they dug in for the defence. They were traveling to

do a last base but they were non attacked. So during the dark the brotherhood forces had the

opportunity to organize a defensive line three and a half stat mis long. One stat mi off across and

unfastened plane Lee placed his military personnels on Seminary Ridge. During the 2nd twenty-four hours Lee tried to

interruption through the defences and flank them.

On July 3 in the forenoon Confederate guns started firing Union guns fired back.

Then to conserve ammo Meade ordered them to halt fire. Thinking he had his

opportunity Lee ordered a frontal onslaught. 15,000 soldiers marched about as if on parade over

the half stat mi towards the Union forces. After a few hundred paces Union cannons lashed

out at them. Then musket fire began one soldier said it mowed them down like & # 8220 ; wheat

before the scythe & # 8221 ; . After that they were driven off by Union defendersd utilizing ahything

they could, cannon rammers, sabres, clubbed rifles. This charhge was called Picketts

Charge even though he commanded merely 15 of the 46 regiments taking portion in the charge.

His division did endure the biggest losingss of his 5,000 soldiers merely 800 returned. After this

being a chicken as usual Meade opted non to counter attack many say if he had the war

would hold ended so and at that place. He didn & # 8217 ; t though and allowed Lee and his work forces to

retreat back to Virginia in a waggon train 17 stat mis long.


Brown, Richars ; Bass, Herbert. One Flag, One Land. Silver, Burdett and

Ginn. Morristown, NJ. 1988

Allen, Thomas B. The Blue and The Gray. The National Georgraphic

Society. Washington D.C. 1992.

At the terminal of the civil war General Lee and General Grant were running their

several ground forcess. There was one other general who was really influential in stoping the

war, this war General William Tecumsah Sherman. He was a really superb general.

In the conflict of Shilo Sherman fought right in the center of the battle. He recieved

a rank of Major General for his combat. In this conflict General Grant made many errors

and got his butt kicked. Because of his errors he took much unfavorable judgment and was traveling to

acquire out of the ground forces, but Sherman talked him into remaining.

After General Grant was given control fo the full U.S. ground forces Sherman was given

control of Grants old ground forces. It was in this place that he made his celebrated March To The


On May 6, 1864 Sherman and his ground forces left Chattanooga Tennessee for the metropolis of

Atlanta. He reached Atlanta on September 2nd, after he had cleared the metropolis of it & # 8217 ; s

people and he had his work forces rested he started his celebrated March to the sea. He cut himself

off from his supplies so his work forces lived on what they stole. what they didn & # 8217 ; t steal they

burned and destroyed. It was 400 trickeries from Atlanta to Savanah where his trek would

finally stop. There was a way 60 stat mis broad of devastation behind Sherman and his

work forces. It took 32 yearss to do this March, and for 32 yearss no one heard from them. Then

on December 20 he telegraphed LIncoln and gave him the metropolis of Savanah as a Christmas


In may 1864 General Grant ordered an onslaught on Richmond. The ground forces of

Northern Virginia fought off the assailing soldiers. They fought many conflicts during a

short span of clip. Both sides lost to a great extent, Grant lost 60,000 work forces in less than a month.

He knew though that he could manage these losingss better than the Confederacy. He was

still unable to capture Richmond, but alternatively of withdrawing like old generals he

continued and went to the South of Richmond. Here he took over the railway town of

Petersburg, and he took control of the roads taking into and out of the capitol. In the

Spring of 1865 Lee was forced to go forth the metropolis to salvage his ground forces, so the Union military personnels

took control of the capital.

One hebdomad after that Lee & # 8217 ; s military personnels who were tired, hungry and in demand of many

supplies tried to interrupt through the Union lines. They failed and were surrounded at

Appomatox Court House. There on April 9, 1865 they General Lee was forced to

resignation. After that all Confederate opposition was crushed one by one.

On April 14, 1865 President Lincoln and his married woman went to a public presentation of Our

American Cousin, at Ford & # 8217 ; s Theatre in Washington. This is when an histrion named John

Wilkes Booth changeable Lincon for retaliation after the souths licking in the war. At the same clip

some of his friends were plotting to hit other leaders but they failed. After he shot

Lincoln Booth escaped to Virginia but he was caught subsequently. After the shot Lincoln

was carried to a rooming house acrossed the street. He died the forenoon after the onslaught.

After the war was over the Reconstruction began. The first portion was to convey all

the provinces back into the Union. In 1863 Lincoln had come up with this program. The first portion

of this program was that 10 per centum of the work forces who had voted in the election of 1860 had to

swear and curse of trueness to the Constitution of the United States. Once the 10 per centum

had taken this curse they could so form a authorities that would be recognized as

the authorities of that province by by the president.

After Lincoln & # 8217 ; s blackwash and Andrew Johnson became president he supported

the 10 per centum program, he did do some add-ons though. Each province had to undo their

sezession Acts of the Apostless. They could non pay off Confederate war debts. They besides had to go through the

13th amednment wich outlawed bondage. By the autumn of 1865 all 11 provinces had met the

demands of the program. They were now able to elect members to congress.

Congress did non like Samuel johnsons plan they thought it was excessively easy. Southerners

were electing people that had been rebel leaders during the war and Congress thought that

was non right. They felt that the South should be punished for what happend over the past

four old ages. Besides the representatives elected by the South were Democrats and this

threatened the republican bulk of Congress. The chief resistance was a group called

extremist Republicans, they wanted to give former slaves all the freedoms of a regular citizen.

They knew that Johnsons program wasn & # 8217 ; t rigorous plenty for this to go on. Under their program

the southern provinces had to go through the 14th amendmant as well that said people born in

the U.S. are citizens and can & # 8217 ; t be denied any right of a citizen. It besides said that people who

had taken topographic point in the rebellion could non take topographic point in authorities.

President Johnson told the 11 provinces to non go through the 14th amendmant. He felt

that the portion where Rebel leaders couldn & # 8217 ; t be elected was unjust. Merely Tennesee ratified the

14th amendmant. iN the elctions of 1866 Republicans won the bulk majorly, and

they wanted to do their ain Reconstruction measure. Johnson vetoed it but they overrode it

and on Mach 2, 1867 the Reconstruction Act of 1867 was passed.

This act said that until the provinces passed the 14th amendmant there would be

a general placed there and military personnels to transport out his orders. It besides said that the military personnels could

stay until they felt the province was reconstructed.

After they had passed their ain Reconstruction program the republicans tried to

impeach president Johnson. They felt they could easy acquire the 36 senate ballots they would

demand. The test lasted from March 30 until May 16, 1868. There was merely 35 ballots to

impeach Johnson, merely necessitating one more ballot.

After the war many leaders in the South were what people called carpetbaggers.

Carpetbaggers were people from the North who came to the South after the war was

over. They were called carpetbaggers because many of them carried there properties in

bags made out of rugs. Many carpetbaggers were in places of power in the southrn

authoritiess. Many of them wanted to assist, but the bulk was merely out to do

money. Many Southerners helped these people, and besides gained places of power.

These people were called scallywags, which is a mean, runty farm animate being. These

carpetbaggers and scallywags s

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