According to the Center for Disease control, domestic violence is a serious, but preventable public health problem affecting more than 32 million Americans, or more than 10 % of the US population (Tjaden and Thoennes, 2000). There are numerous signs that your partner is an abuser. • Blames others for problems/ feelings • Close mindedness • Cruelty to animals and /or children • Hypersensitivity • Isolation of victim • Jealousy • Manipulation through guilt • Minimization of violence • Objectification of women • “Playful “ use of force during sex • Quick involvement • Rigid sex roles Threats of violence • Tight control of finances • Unrealistic exceptions There are different kinds of abuse such as psychological, economic, stalking, and spiritual abuse it is very overwhelming. In the United States alone women are six times as likely as men to experience intimate partner violence. Violence against men I think is very hush, hush it’s back in closet. Men do not or want to come out and say yes I’m being abuse. Researcher Tjaden and Thoennes found that “men living with male intimate partner violence than do men who live with female intimate partners.
The available data indicate that: 3. 2 million men and nearly 5. 3 million women experience mostly “minor” incidents of abuse (such as “pushing, grabbing, shoving, slapping, and hitting”) per year. In the United States, approximately 800,000 men per year (3. 2%) are raped or physically assaulted by their partner. At least 371,000 men are stalked annually. 3% of nonfatal violence against men stems from domestic violence. In 2002, men comprised 24 % of domestic violence homicide victims. Over 20 years, the instances of homicide from domestic violence against men decreased by approximately 67%.
Women are dependent on their husbands or boyfriends. Who will pay the bills? How will I feed the kids? Or buy the things I need. It increases the financial burden and makes things harder to deal with and there are not that many resources or help to cope with or change the behavior of there spouse. At some point you have to realize what’s important stay and get beat or leave and live. They are three different cycles of violence Lenore Walker presented the model of a Cycle of Violence which consists of three basic phases: Honeymoon phase
Characterized by affection, apology, and apparent end of violence. Tension Building phase Characterized by poor communication, tension, fear of causing outbursts. Acting-out phase Characterized by outburst of violent, abusive incidents. Both men and women have been arrested and convicted of assaulting their partners in both heterosexual and homosexual relationships. The bulk of these arrests have been men being arrested for assaulting women. Determining how many instances domestic violence actually involve male victims is difficult. What is the police response to spouse abuse?
There have been major changes in the police response to spouse abuse since the 1976 International Association of Chiefs of Police directive stated that “wife abuse should not be considered a victimless crime” (Browne 1987, 168). In fact, many police departments have adopted pro-arrest or mandatory arrest policies for dealing with such incidents. In 1984, a report published by the United States Attorney General’s Task Force on Family Violence recommended that arrest be the preferred policy in dealing with domestic violence incidents.
The results of a study published that same year, since referred to as “The Minneapolis Experiment,” concluded that arrest proved far more effective in curtailing repeat offenses of spouse abuse than did either advice or separation (Sherman and Berk 1984). While the authors of this landmark experiment recommended that presumptive arrest and not mandatory arrest policies be instituted based on their findings, the experiment has since been cited by many proponents of mandatory arrest policies.
According to the results of subsequent studies, the Minneapolis Experiment has influenced police department arrest policies throughout the country (Binder & Meeker 1988; Cohn & Sherman 1986). There are three major police response policies discussed in the literature: 1) a meditative policy is a non-arrest policy in which the police act as peacemakers or even counselors at a scene, offering conversation or maintaining a presence until the offender calms down or the situation otherwise dissipates.
Part of this approach may also be to refer the offenders or victims to social agencies; 2) a pro-arrest (sometimes called presumptive, affirmative, or preferred) policy encourages arrest in domestic violence cases but leaves the discretion to the officers; and 3) a mandatory (sometimes called nondiscretionary) arrest policy dictates that arrest Breedlove, R. K. , Sandler, D. M. , Kennish, J. W. & Sawtell, R. K. (1977). Domestic violence and the police: Kansas City. In Domestic violence and the police: Studies in Detroit and Kansas City (pp. 22-33). Washington, DC: Police Foundation. (Bibliography by Nancy Egan )
This study was undertaken to determine whether or not there was a relationship between prior domestic disturbances and subsequent homicides or aggravated assaults. Findings indicated that in the two years preceding any reported homicide or assault, police had been at the address at least once in 85% of the cases and at least five times in approximately 50% of the cases. In addition, the violence was preceded by threats in over 50% of the cases. These findings indicated that police do have a significant early warning system in these cases thereby allowing for better and effective intervention techniques. Burris, C. A. , & Jaffe, P. (1983).
Wife abuse as a crime: The impact of police laying charges. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 25, 309-318. The authors first describe the current police practices which (at the time) required minimal intervention. With the adoption of a pro-arrest policy by the London, Ontario Police Force, the researchers designed a pre-policy–post-policy study of police records to determine the effect that the policy had on police actions. The results indicated that charges in common assault for two six-month periods in the pre and post populations, rose from 0 to 36. In addition, the number of assault causing bodily harm charges rose from 6 to 32.
The results also showed that as the severity of the charge increases, so does the offender’s number of past police incidents. The researchers concluded from this finding that either repeat interventions with the offenders were frustrating the police into laying charges or that the findings supported the theory that the type of violence escalates over time in domestic violence cases–particularly when there is not effective intervention. The researchers also concluded that police officers are willing to make arrests in these cases when they have clear policy guidelines.
So are police officers in evolved more and I believe that are try to be peace makers but at the end of the day what can they do . They can come to the house and make an arrest they did there job the question is will you keep the person out. That’s why most women don’t leave their partners the burden is so heavy for them. Some get so fed up that last hit was the final draw. They are scared of being followed or being stalked or even killed. At the same time they love there abusers and you ask why. How can you love someone who beats you for different women different answers.
Domestic violence is very significant to our society especially if you have children who see the abuse. Your children can repeat exactly what the abuser is doing when they get older. So I say yes get out at least for your children only time will tell if your sons will say it’s ok to hit. Your daughter will grow up not trusting a man it’s very significant to our children. Believe it or not your children are what you do you are there role models. You set examples for them to do the right thing to know right form wrong. If not the first hit let be the last hit.
I think we need to be more educated about these topics don’t wait until it happens or if you see it on the news. We need courses I believe especially college girls who are away from home and meeting these guys on campus. If we are educated adults teach our children that domestic violence is wrong our generation won’t go down the drain. We shouldn’t be afraid to talk about with are sons or daughters. You do not put your hands on nobody the wrong way. References Tjaden,P. , & Thoennes,N. (November 2000) Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women www. ncjrs. gov U. S.