From the paper:
“A database is simply an organized collection of data that can be accessed (hence the name of the software, of course) and manipulated through a management system (often called by its initials, DBMS) such as Access. (It should also be noted that a number of other quite good DBMS software exists, including Oracle and SQL Server). Software such as Access provides the user with the tools needed to organize data in a way that is both efficient and yet also flexible. Access, like other DBMS programs, allows a user to add, delete and change data in the database, to ask questions about that data and to produce a variety of kinds of reports summarizing some or all of the data in a database.