African Slave Trade
Throughout the African Slave Trade there have been many significant events that happened during 1450-1850. Three of which will be elaborating on in this topic. The middle passage was the first key event in which Africans were shipped to the New World. The slave treatment and resistance of African men and women who were considered less than human was the second key event.
The Fugitive Slave Law which allowed recapture of slaves was the third key event. The Middle Passage was the first step of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa were shipped to the New World.Africans were recurred or kidnapped and transported across the Atlantic as slaves, who were then sold or traded for raw materials. Traders from the Americas and the Caribbean received the enslaved Africans. A lot of Africans died at sea, an estimated of 15% of 10,000,000 slaves that were shipped to the Americas.
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During the journey many Africans became sick and too depressed to eat or function due to loss of freedom, family, security, their own humanity and often the length of the voyage which caused food and water to diminish.The slave treatment of was often horrific because Africans were treated ore like “cargo” or “goods” and were transported for marketing.
They would drown slaves at sea, so the owners could collect insurance on the slaves. Slaves were punished by whipping, shackling hanging, beating, burning, mutilation, branding and/or imprisonment. Refusal to eat and suicide were the two most common types of resistance. Slaves were often force-fed or tortured until they ate, though some still managed to starve themselves to death. The mistreatment of slaves frequently included rape and the sexual abuse of women.Many slaves were killed for resisting sexual attacks. The Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1793 and 1850, intended to assist the progress of the recapture and extradition of runaway slaves during the Civil War.
Federal marshals were directed to help recapture slaves. The slave capturer who accused the person that he was the slave would receive five dollars for turning the slave in and 10 dollars if the slave was returned to its owner. Although the North detested against the Law, the southerners had a positive idea about it. Southerners roamed the North looking for runaway slaves they thought they could turn in for money.Although there were many significant events in the African Slave Trade, there were three events that were most important during that time. Between the Middle Passage, the treatment of slaves and the Fugitive Slave Law there were many more events that made this time in history very important in our world today. Slavery is one of the most horrific events of history in my opinion.