Albert Ellis & Carl Rogers

4 April 2015
Compares psychologists’ views on personality & abnormal behavior. Cognitive vs. phenomenological approaches, psychopathology, childhood and self-actualization.

The purpose of this paper is to review two models of personality and abnormal behavior: (1) the cognitive model of Albert Ellis (Ellis, 1979, 1989), and (2) the phenomenological model of Carl Rogers (Rogers, 1961, 1972, 1977). Each models is discussed in terms of its position regarding normal personalty development or normal mental health, and its position regarding the development of psychopathology.
This discussion of normal and abnormal processes is followed by a section in which similarities and differences between the two models are delineated. The final section of the paper presents a commentary in which the strengths and weaknesses of each model are addressed.
Albert Ellis’ Cognitive Model..

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