Alice Bingham Yvonne
Understand how to safeguard the well-being of children young people 1. 1- Outline the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people- Children’s Act 1989 and 2004- If there are children that are being accommodated by the Local Authority, then this all comes under the Children Act 1989. There are six beliefs within the Children Act 1989: * The best place for children to be looked after is within their own homes. * The welfare of the child is the paramount consideration.
Parents should continue to be involved with their children and any legal proceedings that may concern them, and that legal proceedings should be necessary in most instances. * The welfare of children should be promoted by partnership between the family and the Local Authority. * Children should not be removed from their family, or contact terminated, unless it is absolutely necessary to do so. * The child’s needs arising from race, culture, religion and language must be taken into account.
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http://www. devon. gov. uk- online 03-02-2012
The Children’s Act 1989 is a law that relates to children to provide for the local authority services that provide for children in need and others. The law is there to put in place of the respect of children’s homes, community homes, voluntary homes and voluntary organisations. Fostering, child minding, adoption and day care for young children is related to this law in a way that the Children’s Act 1989 helps in these areas. The Children’s Act 1989 introduced the concept of parental responsibility. This act aimed to ensure that children’s welfare was dominant, whilst working in partnership ith the parents/carers. It is there to strengthen the child’s legal position, to give the child legal rights, feelings and wishes.
The Children’s Act 1989 was then updated to The Children’s Act 2004 to ensure that children’s lives are further improved, and gives the foundation of ‘Every Child Matters’. The Act was updated to 2004 because of the Victoria Climbie case in February 2000. As a result the 1989 act was not up to the standard it should have been, children were not looked out for in a way that should have been done by social workers and the local authority.
In 1998 Victoria was seven years old when her mum sent her to live with her aunt as she thought it would be a better life for her daughter. In 1999 Victoria’s aunt meets a man called Carl Manning and they both move into his house from the hostel they were living in. Within days of moving into Manning’s house Victoria suffers abuse from the hands of Carl Manning. Soon after Victoria was sent to hospital, but was discharged from there as they believed that the injuries were self inflicted by Victoria herself, picking at scabs and sores.
The doctor contacted child protection, and then later on cancelled a home visit because of the hearing on scabies on Victoria. Victoria’s aunt told child protection and the social services that she poured hot water on to herself, and was hurting herself. Carl Manning forced Victoria to sleep in a bin liner in the bath every night at his flat. In 2000 Victoria is rushed to the hospital again suffering from malnutrition and hypothermia. Doctor’s later transfer her to intensive care at another hospital, and on the 25th February 2000 Victoria was declared dead at 3:15 pm. Victoria’s body was examined and they found about 128 injuries and scars.
The Children’s Act 1989 and 2004 link to child protection as the protection of children underpins different sections of the act. Within section 47 the local authority including different agencies like social workers, child protection and SENCO are able to look into and investigate if they feel there are concerns where a child has suffered or suffers from harm. Section 31 and 38 are where the local authority including social workers, child protection and other agencies are able to apply for interim care orders for the child to put the child at their best possible care as possible.
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006- Working together to safeguard children 2006 sets out how organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people in accordance with the Children’s Act 1989 and the Children’s Act 2004. It is important that all practitioners within settings and environments looking and caring after children and young people must know their responsibilities and duties in order to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people, following their legislations, policies and procedures. Every Child Matters-
Every Child Matters was published in 2003 by the government because of the death of Victoria Climbie. There are five outcomes that are key to children and young people’s wellbeing, these are: * Be healthy. * Stay safe. * Enjoy and achieve. * Make a positive contribution. * Achieve economic well-being. The main focus areas are early intervention, a shared sense of responsibility, information sharing and integrated front line services. CRB’s- CRB stands for Criminal Records Bureau. The CRB check searches your details against criminal records and other sources including the Police National Computer.
The check may reveal convictions, cautions, reprimands and warnings. Anybody working with children and young people will have to have a CRB to ensure they are legible to work and be responsible for children and young people. If you are volunteering working with children or a student, you must still have a CRB check done on you to ensure you are not there to harm anyone or the children and young people. Vetting and barring scheme- The vetting and barring scheme was created to help safeguard children and vulnerable adults by introducing new measures including monitoring and registration requirements following the Bichard inquiry.
Explain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people- * Health and Safety policy- * Outings policy- * Risk assessments policy- * Safeguarding children policy- I will include and write this question when I get the information from my folder at college on Friday and will the send you the extra bit to this question during the half term. Sorry I will include and write this question when I get the information from my folder at college on Friday and will the send you the extra bit to this question during the half term.
Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people- There are many policies and procedures within the setting that cover the range of safeguarding children and young people, some of these policies are, Health and Safety policy, Outings policy and Safeguarding policy. These policies are put in place to ensure that all children and young people are cared for in the way they should be.
The children and young people’s health and safety are important as well as safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the children within the setting or environment. Social workers have to implement local procedures in working to together, for example, social care department includes South end, Essex and Thurrock, and these all have SET procedures which are how locally you implement procedures such as Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006. In all cases there will be a serious case review that is carried out to investigate as to how the serious case happened and how it can be changed next time.
Serious case reviews have evidenced failures in safeguarding children, lack of professionals working together and children not being seen. As a result of this three serious cases have occurred of some years, these are, the Victoria Climbie case, Bichard case and the Baby P case. Changes in policies and procedures, and Working Together to Safeguard Children has been implemented to ensure that no other cases happen like this again or are at a slight chance of happening again as there have been new acts and procedures implemented to ensure this does not happen.
Nurseries and environments have to ensure they have policies and procedures and training to protect and safeguard the children and young people to the best of their knowledge and to ensure they is no risk of any harm coming to a child or young person. 1. 4- Explain when and why inquiries and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings informs practice- Inquiries and serious case reviews can be carried out at many different times and for many different reasons as to what has occurred or what has been occurring.
If there happens to be a serious case within the practice or setting then social workers and child protection have the duty to investigate under section 47 of the Children’s Act 1989. There would be a referral from the nursery or setting to social care and then social workers, child protection key workers and relevant assessment teams will get involved to investigate the case and when and how the inquiry has happened.
The procedures for completing an investigation are followed under section 47 of the Children’s Act 1989 and 2004. 1. 5- Explain how the processes used by own work setting or service comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing- The Data Protection Act 1998 came into force early in 1999 and covers how information and details about individuals including children and young people are kept.
The Data Protection Act is required and all organisations, environments and settings must ensure that all information and details about the children and young people and their families are kept well out of the way filed away or locked away to ensure that no person apart from practitioners are able to have access or see the information. Within my setting every child has their own folder which contains all the information and details about them and their families, these folders are kept in each of he rooms on shelving units but are covered up by a sheet which is over them to cover them up.
This ensures that no individual coming into the setting can visibly see them and so will not know they are there. All confidential information is also kept on the computer and in filing cabinets locked within the manager’s office. Parents and carers of the children are able to see the information and details if they want to, but have to ensure they ask a practitioner to get the folder of information for them to ensure that do not look at another child’s information by mistake.
I will include and write about these two policies when I get them from my folder at college on Friday and will the send you the extra bit to this question during the half term. Sorry I will include and write about these two policies when I get them from my folder at college on Friday and will the send you the extra bit to this question during the half term.