Dementia are the signs and symptoms caused as a result of specific diseases such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that involve the damaging of brain cells; as the brain cells die the person with a dementia will lose their ability to do things they are used to doing as different parts of the brain are damaged. Dementia affects both older and younger people and the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die.
The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: 1) Frontal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us 2) Parietal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people. 3) Occipital Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls eyesight and our ability to see 4) Temporal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls our speech, hearing and memory.
Delirium for example can be brought on as a result of an infection (urine infection for example) and this might be mistaken with dementia because for example the person could become confused and suffer with memory loss which are also signs and symptoms of dementia. 2. 1-‘In the medical model of dementia the dementia itself is the focus rather than the person and it is seen as something that has to be treated and managed.
In the social model of dementia it is the reverse of the medical model because the person not the dementia is the focus and what the person needs, their feelings and wishes is the main focus rather than the dementia. 2. 3-If l care workers viewed dementia as a disability then they will be accepting that dementia is a disability as it progresses it carries on disabling the brain and its functions; for example someone might become more confused or forgetful.
Thinking of dementia as a disability makes social care workers think about how they can change things round and adapt their ways of working to meet the person’s needs and to let them live their lives how they want to; for example if a person with a dementia is difficult to understand when they are speaking it might be better to communicate with them using signs, pictures or writing things down. 3. 1-Alzheimer’s Disease, Vascular Dementia, Dementia with Lewy Bodies and Fronto-temporal Dementia. 3.
Difficulties with remembering, using language to speak becomes more difficult, thinking and making decisions becomes harder as the person becomes more confused. Vascular Dementia- Difficulties with speaking and using the right language, the person’s balance and co-ordination can be affected as well as memory loss. Dementia with Lewy Bodies- The physical symptoms include can cause the person’s movements to slow down and can make them more likely to have trips and falls. There will be memory loss, difficulties with using language and making decisions.
Hallucinations, double vision and problems with balance are also common. Fronto-temporal Dementia- Difficulties with language, behaviour and feelings. The person might have mood swings and variable and inappropriate behaviour. 3. 3-‘The risk factors include having other family members with this condition means in terms of the genes that there is more chance of developing dementia. If you are at a high risk of high blood pressure which can cause a stroke then this will be another risk factor. Also, smoking, lack of exercise and eating food high in cholesterol can lead to an increase in risk of having a stroke.
If you have a medical condition such as Huntingdon’s disease as dementia occurs in most cases. 3. 4- Alzheimer’s Disease-62% – Vascular Dementia-17% – Dementia with Lewy Bodies-4% – Fronto-temporal Dementia-2% (Based on Alzheimer’s Society research ) 4. 1- Mrs A is 65 years young and has recently been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. Mrs A is fully aware of her diagnosis but apart from having to write things down to remember she does not see that this will cause her any difficulties and does not think that she needs any support at the moment.
Mrs A continues about her day-today life as usual and goes out. As Mrs A is 65 and her outlook on life is positive she is taking the news well and believes she can go about her usual business. This is due to her having Alzheimer’s in the early stages as she has not seen any major decline in her abilities apart from a little to her memory. Also, Mrs A is able to continue to go out so again does not feel that having Alzheimer’s is holding her back. Mrs B is 80 years of age and has Dementia with Lewy Bodies.
Most mornings she wakes up in pain all over her body and requires support with her personal care activities now as she is unsteady on her feet and complains of double vision. Mrs B is aware of her dementia sometimes and seems low in herself at these moments in time and at 80 years old she keeps on saying that things will not get any better for her now at her stage in life. Mrs B’s experience of living with DLB is very different to Mrs A’s as the dementia has affected her ability to do things by herself and she is in pain – being aware of this means that she feels low in herself at times and cannot see a positive future ahead.
Positive Impacts: Social care workers encouraging Mrs A to continue to go out and be independent will maintain her sense of well-being. A dementia care advisor talking through and providing Mrs A with information about Alzheimer’s will retain her sense of being in control of the dementia not the other way round. Negative Impacts: Social care workers getting frustrated with Mrs B or ignoring her pains will only add to her ill-being and feeling low. An advocate imposing own views on Mrs B and not listening to how she is and ignoring her needs will only add to Mrs B feeling low.