American History Since 1865
While women once had few life options beyond isolation in the domestic sphere, what historical developments presented new opportunities for women in society? I. Introduction A. This paper will be written in essay form to explore historical developments which presented new opportunities to women. In our history women traditionally led and managed a domestic lifestyle that kept them in the home serving and caring for the family.
Over the years, since the founding of our great nation the roles of women have changed quite dramatically. From the isolation of domestic lifestyles and traditions, to the leaders in businesses and politics, the role of women has significantly shown astonishing progress. In this paper I will outline how over the years, since the founding of our great nation, the roles and employment rights of women have changed quite dramatically.
Topic Sentence #2: The first major step towards autonomy for women in American history was the establishment of the Daughters of Liberty. A. Supporting Evidence: “Emerging out of the patriotic enthusiasm of the 1760s and 1770s, Daughters of Liberty supported the American revolutionary cause by joining boycotts against British goods. Some colonial women demonstrated their support for the boycott by spinning wool and flax, others by forming anti-tea leagues” (Norton, Liberty’s Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750-1800, (1980).
B. The establishment of the Daughters of Liberty emerged out of the patriotic enthusiasm of the 1760s and 1770s. C. So What: The meetings made a political statement by focusing attention on the need for frugality and industry in colonial households and by providing a way for American women to contribute to the struggle against Britain. III. Topic Sentence #3: World War II served as a major pivotal point in the professions that women held. A.
Supporting Evidence: “Approximately 1,600,000 women joined the workforce etween 1914 and 1918 in Government departments, public transport, the post office, as clerks in business, as land workers and in factories, especially in the dangerous munitions factories, which were employing 950,000 women by Armistice Day (as compared to 700,000 in Germany)”(Firstworldwar. com, 2009). B. Explanation: With so many men going to war, there was a large gap in employment and, in response. It was for this reason that there was such a large influx of women employees in the work force. C. So What: World War 1 was a pivotal time for women.
This is because it gave women an opportunity to prove themselves in a male-dominated society, doing more than cleaning the house and tending to the children. IV. Topic Sentence #3: In 1964, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act barred discrimination in employment on the basis of race and sex (NYSUT: A Union of Professionals, 2009). A. Since the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, federal and state governments have enacted a number of laws that bar an employer from discriminating against employees on almost any grounds, aside from the quality of the employee’s work or the nature of his or her personality.
B. Aggrieved individuals can file a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is responsible for enforcing individual Title VII claims against private employers. The Department of Justice (DOJ) enforces Title VII against state and local governments, but only after the EEOC has conducted an initial investigation (USLEGAL inc, 2010). C. This statute served as a model for subsequent anti-discrimination laws. It established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to investigate complaints and impose penalties.
V. Conclusion: In conclusion, let’s review the major topics of this paper. The organization of the Daughters of Liberty was noted as the first major step towards women entering the workforce. Followed by the surge of employment attained by women during World War I. Then on to the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited discrimination towards gender when hiring.