An Analysis on Language Style Used in Too Fast Too Furious Movie
An Analysis of the Language Style Used in “two fast and too furious” film. Fields: sociolinguistics A. Background of the Study Too fast and too furious film is one of the most amazing films in 2003 year. This film was directed by John singleton. He is a famous director in the world. He had been directing many films. This film was become a winner by many awards held in Hollywood, such as BMI film music award in 2004, breakthrough male performance 2003, won teen choice award, golden reel award, best sound editing in domestic features dialogue ADR and so on. This film tells about the adventure of two spies to break a drug syndicate.
Brian O’Connor (Paul Walker) was kicked off the force for his little stunt in the Fast and the Furious and has been on the run ever since. He fled all the way to Florida, where he became friends with Tej (Ludacris), the man who knew where all the action was. Before too long, Brian couldn’t even find anyone who would race against him and the word was out. The cops grabbed Brian and made him an offer – help them with a case or go to jail. The cops have been trying to nab the premier drug dealer in the area, Carter Verone (Cole Hauser), for some time, but haven’t been able to make anything stick.
Conveniently, Mr. Verone is looking for some drivers to make drops for him and that is where Brian comes in. Brian takes the deal, but on one condition – this his buddy, Roman Pierce (Tyrese), gets a piece too. Before they know it, Brian and Roman are in way over their heads as they combat fellow street racers, sexy undercover cops, an insane boss who is not above torture and the fast, furious life in Miami. This film is very amazing film. The actors and the actress act like they are the real character in the film. In this film we will find another world of spoken language called language style.
They use their own language style in their community. They talk with an interesting tones and intonations each other. They use so many kinds of language style such as slang, jargon and register. Their community is unussual community, racer life, mafia, police and so on. Besides the visual effect of this film is something interesting that can make us imagine like we were there on that film. B. Identification of the Problems Everybody has their own language style in speech. It is influenced by their environment. Style refers to the selection of linguistic form to convey social or artistic effect.
Style also act as a set of instruction (Chaika, 1982: 29). Language style can be defined as the specific ways to express the thought which shows the writer’s soul and the writer’s personality (language user) (Keraf, 2002: 113). The writer analyzes the language style of too fast and too furious film. The writer analyzes language style of diction which consist (jargon and register). Diction is the choice word. Dictions are word choices. Dictions are word choices. Diction is effective when the choice of word is proper to audience. Registers are words used in a society or group which are difficult for other communities to understand.
Jargon is the feature of language variety which is used for specific field and just understood by them who stand on those specific fields, but it is not secret. Chaika (1982: 120) says that jargons are varieties of language created for specific functions by the people who engage in them regularly. While the definition of jargon in Webster (1994: 723) is the specialized vocabulary and idioms of those in the same work, profession, etc. In the same sense, Morries (1982: 686) defines that the specialized or technical language of trade, profession or similar group called jargon.
Tone is the part of sentences over which a particular pattern extends. Intonation depends on emotion such as sentiment, sympathic and anger. This is the impression of word combination used to give emotional impression. Dictions, tones and intonations are the elements of language style variation. Every language style has different dictions and different intonation tone based on situation and condition. Dictions are choice of words on phrases in spoken or written language. The intonation and tones are related to the pitch of linguistic items. Tones are revolution of pitch in the voice that serves difference of language ton in words.
Intonation is the impression that is described from emotional condition. The actors use many kinds of dictions such as register and jargon automatically. It is familiar in their community. The writer will conduct research on language phenomenon that is called language style in too fast and too furious film. C. Limitation of the problems Here the writer limits the problem in varieties of language style that is used by the actors in too fast and too furious film. The researcher analyzes the diction of the word variant, intonation and tone of the language style used in too fast and too furious film.
This writer focuses in the diction, intonation and tone of language style used by the actors in too fast and too furious film. D. Formulation of the Problems From the limitation of the problems, the writer analyzes the problems that are formulated as follows: 1. What are the dictions of the language style used by the actors in too fast and too furious film? 2. What are intonation and tone of the language style used by the actors in too fast and too furious film? E. Objectives of the Study The objectives of the study are: 1. To describe the dictions of language style used by the actor in too fast and too furious film. 2.
To describe intonations and tones of language style used in too fast and too furious film. F. Significance of the Study By doing this study, the researcher hopes that it perhaps give a good result and some contribution to some parties as follows: 1. Learners The research finding will be used as information inputs for language learners to improve their linguistic knowledge, especially which is related to the language style used by the actors in too fast too furious film. 2. Teachers This study can hopefully be an input as materials sociolinguistic teaching that concerns with style of language used by actors in too fast too furious film. . The other researcher This study is hoped to give input for other researchers to conduct a research on the similar topic and carry out further studies of the language style used in English class. G. Review of the Related Researches H. Theoretical Framework 1. Language Language is a communication tools. Everybody uses language to interact to the others. Without language people can not make a relation with others. Soedjono (2003: 16) says that language is an arbitrary vocal symbol by people to communicate and to interaction among them basically on their culture share together.
Bloomfield says that language is arbitrary sound symbol system used by the members of society in communication and interaction (Sumarsono, 2007: 18). The descriptive linguist defines the language as “arbitrary sound system that is arbitrary characteristics and then increase with that used by group of society in interaction and self identification (Chaer, 2003: 32). 2. Sociolinguistics Study There are various definitions of linguistics study. According to Holmes (2001: 1) sociolinguistics is the study of the relationship between language and society. Similarly, Hudson (1996: 1) defines it as the study of language in relation to society.
Sociolinguistics is a knowledge or study about language that relates speaker as a society member (Nababan, 2007: 4). Sociolinguistics is the study of the ways people use language in social interaction (Chaika, 1982: 2). From these definitions, the writer can conclude that all have an emphasis on the correlation between language and society. From the definitions above, it can conclude that sociolinguistics is a part of linguistics which studies the using of language variety, it is influenced by someone’s picture in social community the reflection in society such as status social, geography, and culture which influence the use of language.
Fasold (2003: 223) says that one of major topics in sociolinguistics is the study of language variation and change which is inevitable relationship to social process. 3. Function of Language The function of language is not only the communication tool. Everyone needs to maintain a personal identity. One of the most important aspects to show their identity is language and language provides a powerful way of maintaining and demonstrating group identity thus there is no reason to suppose, that this function is less important to most people that communicating information (Trask, 1995: 85).
The function of the language is a mean of social communication Soeparno (1993: 5) mentions various functions of language based on theory proposed by Dell Hymes. They are as follows: 1. To adjust with the social norms (writing job application, proposing request, as kind for permits, etc) 2. To deliver one’s experience about beauty, kindness, nobleness, mastery etc. 3. To arrange the social contact (e. g greeting, regarded) 4. To arrange one’s own behaviors of feelings (e. g praying, reckoning, etc). 5. To arrange other’s behaviors of feelings (e. commanding, treating, etc) 6. To express a certain (e. g hocking, praising/commending, etc) 7. To sign the matters of social relation (e. g conveying etiquette/courtesy, respects, etc) 8. To show the world outside the language (e. g consternating, arranging, and portraying various fields of science). 9. To teach various abilities and skills. 10. To ask something to other. 11. To explain about language (e. g describing the phonemes, morphemes, phrases, clauses, etc) 12. To avoid something by proposing objections and reasons. 13. To express formative behaviors (e. expressing by doing) (Dell Hymes in soeparno, 1993: 7-8) Based on the explanation above, of language is a means of communicates it is a media for people to make contact with others, so that they can deliver their message (thoughts, ideas, concepts or feeling). 4. Stylistics Stylistics is a part of linguistics that studies about language style which is used by the speakers or writers. Stylistics more concerning the form and characteristic in using language style. Stylistic studies language style used not only in daily life but also in literature.
Stylistics is the part of linguistics which concentrates on variation in the use of language, often but not exclusively, with special attention to the most conscious and complex use of language in literature. 5. Language Style There are some definitions of language style presented by some linguists. Language style can be defined as the specific way to express the thought which shows the writer’s soul writer’s personality (language user) (Keraf, 2002: 113). Style is the way of using language or spoken form (Soeparno, 2002: 74).
Style is the way in which a speaker or writer utilizes the resources of his language-the choice he makes and arrangement or pattern which result (De Vito, 1970: 10 in Alwasilah, 1985: 52). I. Research Method In this research, the writer discusses type of research, object of the research and source, and method of the research. 1. Type of Research This research belongs to descriptive research that uses qualitative method. Qualitative research is a procedure descriptive data in the form of written of spoken words from people and behavior that are possible to be observed (Bodgan and Taylor in Moleong, 1998: 3).
Observation method is method that is used to get the data based on the use of language. This method is based on the tapping technique (Mahsun, 2006: 218). This is a descriptive qualitative research since it is concerned with providing descriptions phenomenon occurring naturally. This research tries to describe the phenomenon of the language style used in too fast and too furious film. The data of the research are basically analyzed by using descriptive approach. 2. Data, Research Object and Data Source The object of the research is the language style varieties that are used by the actors.
The language style is a phenomenon done by everybody in different situation and condition. The language style variety is differentiated dictions of language style (jargon and register) and intonation and tones of language style. The research object and source of data are divided into two parts, namely main data and supporting data. Those kinds of data will be separately explained as follows: a. Main data The main data are taken from language style used by the actors in too fast and too furious film, in their script conversation, in the form of words and phrases. b. Supporting data
The supporting data are the data that gathered to support main data. The supporting data are taken from some books and on the internet. 3. Technique for Collecting Data Technique of collecting data is a technique to get and collect the data. According to Subroto (2007: 40-49) there are five techniques in collecting data, they are recording technique (teknik rekam), working together with informant (teknik kerjasama dengan informan), observation and nothing technique (teknik simak dan catat), library technique (teknik pustaka) and questioner technique (teknik kuesioner).
Recording technique is collecting the data by recording spoken language spontaneously the record equipment uses is tape recorder. Working together with informant technique is a certain person gives information related to specific language focus. In this technique the researcher design and ask questions to the informant, from those questions are hoped can get the research objectives. Observation and nothing technique means the researcher observes to the spoken language used and note relevant data with the aim of the research. In this research, the researcher always brings pocket book and pencil.
The library technique uses the written source to get data. The written sources can be taken from magazines, literary works, guide books and newspapers. The questioner technique is similar to interview technique which has constant structure. Mahsun (2005: 218-226) says that there are three strategies of data collecting technique in lintuistics research. They are observation method (metode simak), survey method (metode survey) and interview method (metode cakap). Observation method is the researcher observe the spoken language used.
Survey method is the researcher gives questioners or the list of questions which organize to get information from a large numbers of informants which considers can representative the research population. Interview method is a method used by researcher by doing conversation with the informant. In this study, the writer uses observation and nothing technique (teknik simak dan catat) to collect the data. The writer observes and notes some data (the spoken language between the actors in too fast and too furious film). The writer read the data then write them down in data cards. 4. Techniques for Analyzing Data
Technique of analyzing data is a technique to analyze the data. Mahsun (2005: 203) says that there are two techniques of observation method (metode simak), they are participants’ observation technique (teknik simak libat cakap) and unparticipants’ observation technique (teknik simak bebas libat cakap). Participants’ observation technique (teknik simak libat cakap) means in observing spoken language used, the researcher is not only as the researcher but she also a participant in conversation too. In this technique while the researcher do research, he or she converses with informants.
Unparticipants’ observation technique (teknik simak bebas libat cakap) means the researcher is only a person who analyses the informants’ the spoken language. In this technique the researcher is not implicated herself in conversation which is language analyzed. In this study, the writer uses unparticipants’ observation technique (teknik simak bebas libat cakap) in analyzing the data. The writer observes the dialogue between the actors in too fast and too furious film. The technique of the data analysis used in this research is qualitative method because the object of this research is in the form of words not in numbers.
In doing analysis the research goes through the procedure as follows: a. The writer makes and prepares monitoring sheets which contain columns about the research’s location (the place), the research’s date, the participant of the research’s object and the conversation of research object. b. Observing the spoken language used intensively and marking every jargon in the conversation of the film. c. Choosing the jargons from their source and their forms. d. Classifying jargon into the forms or jargon, the meanings of jargon and the function of jargon. e. Analyzing language style based on forms systematically.
Analyzing the meanings of jargon by giving denotative or connotative meaning and the functions of jargon. J. Bibliography Alwasilah, A. C. Haedar. 1985. Linguistik. Bandung: Angkasa. Arikunto, Suharsini. 1985. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktis. Jakarta; Bina Aksara. Chaer, Abdul Muis dan Herman. 2005. Psikolinguistik Kajian Teori. Jakarta: PT Rhineka Cipta. Chaika, E. 1982. Language the social mirror. Massachusetts: Newburry House Publisher. Chrystal, David and Derek Davy. 1969. Investigating English Style. London: Longman Group Limited. Dardjowidjoyo, Soenjono. 2003. Psikolinguistik Pengantar Pemahaman Bahasa Manusia.
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