Andrew Jackson was born to Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Scots-Irish colonists who emigrated from Ireland in 17651, March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws region between North Carolina and South Carolina. A lawyer and a landowner, he became a national war hero after defeating the British in New Orleans during the War of 1812. Jackson was elected the seventh president of the United States in 1828. Known as the “people’s president,” Jackson destroyed the National Bank, founded the Democratic Party and is known for his support of individual liberty.

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He died at the age of 78 on June 8, 1845. Growing up in Waxhaws area, Jackson received an erratic education. At age 13, he joined a local militia and served as a courier during the Revolutionary War. While in captivity by the British, the brothers contracted smallpox, from which Robert had died. Not long after his brother’s death, In November 1779, Jackson’s mother died of cholera. At the age of 14, he was orphaned. Raised by his uncles, Jackson began studying law in Salisbury, North Carolina, In his late teens.

In 1 787, he was admitted to the bar and became a lawyer in Jonesborough, an area that is now part of Tennessee. After a couple of years of practicing law in settled North Carolina, he accepted a job as public prosecutor. There were few lawyers in what was to be the state of Tennessee, but with land changing hands everyday, and new institutions being founded, there was plenty of legal action, and cheap, rapidly appreciating land to grab for oneself. 3 By about 30, he had been a member of the U. S.

House of Representatives of the new state, and was elected Senator but resigned after one year. He was appointed, on his return from the Senate, a Superior Court Judge, where he proved capable and flamboyant. While remaining on the bench, he sought and won the posltlon of Major General of the Tennessee militia. 4 During the War of 1812, he managed – with difficulty due to some enemies he had made – to get intoaction in important theatres. In between subduing various Indian tribes, he worn, in New Orleans by far the greatest American victory in the war.

Page 2 Andrew Jackson Analysis Essay

Americans badly needed cheering up after the war, in which the British burned much of the Capitol city of Washington. Jackson, early in the war, becamea U. S. Major General – vastly different from a state militia Major General. After leading 5,000 soldiers in the defeat of 7,500 British in New Orleans, on January 8, 181 5, Jackson was dubbed a national hero. He received the thanks of Congress and a gold medal. He was also popular among his troops, who said that Jackson was “as tough as old hickory wood” on the battlefield, earning him the nickname “Old Hickory. He continued to have military successes – though In his Invasion of Spanish Florida he got the reputation with some people of being a kind of Caesar.

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