Andrew Jackson Indian Removal
It included widespread conversations, increased church activity, social activism, ND the emergence of new Christian denominations. Another impact that was occurring was the Oregon Trail. It served as a natural corridor as the I. J. S. Moved from eastern half toward the west coast.
It began as an unconnected series of trails used by Native Americans. The trail began to develop into a trail Of businesses such as military posts, trading posts, shortcuts, and eventually becoming a trail to route cattle drives and covered wagons.An important person at this time was Ezra Meeker, who was a pioneer that took steps to preserve and commemorate the Oregon Trail by organizing immunities to place markers along the trail. The document starts off by Andrew Jackson stating how pleased he is that the government is pursing to go forth and remove the Indians from two main tribes, and because of this the other tribes will move also. He informed them that parts of Georgia and Alabama would not be able to establish an independent government by the executive of the United States, and he advised them to emigrate beyond the Mississippi or obey the laws of the states.He progresses on to say that the conduct toward the Indians is an interest of their character. He makes an interesting statement by saying “Our ancestors found them and the uncontrolled possessors of these vast regions” (Document 10-7).
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Following this quote he says that by persuasion and force they have been made to retire from river to river and from mountain to mountain. He mentions that the space that is opening up from the removal of the Indians will strengthen frontiers so they are strong enough to be protected incase of any unexpected invasions occur.It will also increase population, wealth and power. He then states what good is a country covered with trees instead of building cities, ND towns that will improve the lives and living situations of many people. Andrew Jackson states that he understands that it will be painful for the Indians to leave the graves of their fathers and ones before them; however, he is sending them to a land that their existence can continue on and be made perpetual and the emigration will be voluntarily.In return for them relocating, they will be protected in the possessions of their industry. He ends the document by saying the Government is being generous to the “red men” and by saving the Indians from annihilation, the government is offering them new home and covering the expense that is needed Of their removal and settlement.
Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830, which was the first major piece of legislation that he recommended and was passed. This act empowered Jackson to forcibly evict all the Indians living east of the Mississippi River.A few tribes went peacefully, however there were also a few that refused to go as easily. There were five tribes that were affected by this act and the Cherokee Indians chose to fight the eviction process in a different matter. Instead of going along with being forced out of their homes, he Cherokees decided to bring this matter to court. The case made it all the way to the United States Supreme Court. Chief John Marshall ruled in favor of the Cherokee, saying that they did not have to move, however Andrew Jackson thought differently.
The result was that they were rounded up at gunpoint and were forced to move while their property was being seized while they made their way out west. Many died on the way to their new settlement by exposure, disease and starvation and this became known as the Trail of Tears. This is one of the most controversial decisions Jackson had o make in his career and it is also one of the saddest days in history. Many people in the Indian Removal time frame were in favor of the tribes being relocated, there were also groups that were opposed to it.Many Christian organizations took action by having a protest. One Christian leader was Jeremiah Averts, and Congressman David Crockett, developed a campaign against the passing act Nonetheless, even though it was ruled that the Cherokees could stay, they were forcibly removed out. In my opinion, do not agree with it and it was very unjust.
To begin, the Cherokees and Andrew Jackson had a good relationship in the past because Cherokee Chief Sandusky saved Jackson’s life during a war.Jackson had promised peace between the two groups but went back on his word and began trying to eliminate the Indians from their home. Understand the white migrates want to expand the population and start a new era. However, the properties that they were being removed from the Indians were their homelands. I believe that it should have been handled a different way instead of forcing people out Of their homes when they had been there long before the white people were even heard of.