Animal Consciousness – Paper
Because nonhuman animals lack some mental abilities, we regard them as property, the only moral constraint that we observe on our use of other animals is an obligation not to make them suffer. But who is to say that animals don’t have consciousness? Animals not only have consciousness, but some have more consciousness then some of us human beings. Thats why, Cartmill is attempting to try to persuade people, mainly philosophers and scientists, that animals have consciousness. Matt Cartmill strongly supports the idea that animals have consciousness. Sleep is something that we know that makes us consciousness as humans.
Most animals don’t sleep, but some do. When a human is sleep they are unconscious, but when they wake up they return back to their consciousness. The same should apply to animals. When animals sleep their are also unconscious, but when they wake up they return back to their conscious state of mind. For example: when a owner is being attacked by a stranger or killer, not only would a human help, but a non-human, animal, would also help to protect you. Being said, animals have mental lives something like ours. The waking state in animals is something like ours, which includes mental events and awareness of the world.
They were trying to say that computer were more in tune with people than animals were. This is not true because there isn’t any computer that can ever produce consciousness. Nothing science has ever produced comes near to and the complex sequence of responses that shape our reactions. The processes involved in sleepwalking and hibernating are aspects of consciousness that are obvious. But many philosophers and scientists think otherwise. While some do not want to appear sentimental, others are afraid to accept the possibility of mental and moral states in animals for professional and/or philosophical reasons.
Many thinkers have gone further and insisted that because animals can’t talk, their mental lives are nonexistent. Also many professionals have been reluctant to grant that animals can have mental lives because they are not good at operating signs. Not to forget, philosophers and scientist don’t acknowledge that animals feel pain because they feel like animals don’t suffer the same pain like we humans do, maybe that’s the reason we could eat them without thinking about the torture they been through in order for us to have them on our plate.
Most scientists will admit that our close animals relatives probably have mental lives like ours, but most are too afraid to say it true. This may be true that animals aren’t physical like humans, but animal brains think somewhat close to humans. Despite the conspicuous differences in sight, feel, and smell between a human body and a dog’s, a dog will react the same to both human and it’s own species the same way if it was happy or sad. When you tell a dog to come here, it comes.
Philosophers and scientists believe that animals learn by a human observer, but this is not true because their are many wild animals that learn from each other or themselves. Cartmill also thrown out the Darwanian theory of natural selection, and Occam’s Razor. Occam’s Razor which was intended too dent mental events in animals whenever we can, actually is on animal rights side. They argue that it we are going to invoke desires, beliefs, and intentions for our own actions, then we should explain other animals behavior in similar terms whenever we can.
Humans and non-humans, animals, both have consciousness whether philosophers or scientists like it or not. With compelling evidence, Cartmill shows that animals have consciousness. People should start to acknowledge that animals have a mind of their own and that no one inflicts them to do so. Philosphers and scientists should give up on all the theories as to why an animal can not think by themselves. With acknowledging animals to have their own mind, this is going to make our world a better place.