The factors that lead to animal extinction are irresponsible human’s hands that destroyed animal’s habitat by deforestation, illegal wildlife trades and climate change. Deforestation is the main causes that lead animal species loss their habitat and become extinct. If people loss their house, they will not have any shelter and live without protection. This situation also happened to the animal species in this world. “Deforestation is a great way to eliminate the terrestrial species in this world” (Greenwell 2007).
There are many functions of animal habitat to the human being as the human population is increasing. These areas which natural habitat to animal growth rapidly used as industrialized, commercialized, urbanized and for agriculture. When the animal’s habitat destructed by deforestation, animal would not have food supplies and lose their own habitat. The growth of this area happened with many skyscrapers that had been built and animal cannot adapt in new situation. As a result, the animal species are lost and extinct from this world. Wildlife trading also the cause that leads to the animal extinction.
Money is the most significant thing for human being and act as necessity of life. Wildlife trade is a big business that run by dangerous international network and estimated can earned into hundreds of millions dollars (Illegal Wildlife Trade 2013). The most renowned animals species in this illegal trade are elephant’s ivory and tiger’s skin. The elephant’s ivory very famous in Classical World which can produce precious religious objects and decorative boxes for costly objects. The demands for the ivory can causes declining numbers of elephant’s population in this world.
Thus, from these situation clearly shown that wildlife crime is the largest direct threat to the future of many animal species. Climate change also leads to animal extinction. The climate change has increase exponentially and until now there was no solution. “The overall terrifying of the 40,168 species that the 10,000 scientists in the World Conservation Union have assessed, a quarter of mammals, one in eight birds, one in three for both amphibians and conifers and other gymnosperms are at risk of extinction. ” (Whitty 2007).
The climate changes at the pole also affected polar bears, penguins and sea lions that lived there. This happened when the ice bergs are melting cause the rising of the sea level. “The climate changes also changed a lot in animal life which birds lay eggs earlier than usual, plants bloom earlier and mammals also hibernated sooner”(Climate & Weather 2013). Most of animals also migrate from one place to another place to find the suitable place for them. Many migratory and non-migratory species are expected to become extinct in the near future.
The disappearing of the animals from this world also brings in a lot of impacts towards mankind. These causes that mention before are lead to declining the rate of ecotourism economy, lost of animal resources and disturbed the biodiversity. Declining the rate of ecotourism economy is one of the impacts from animal extinction. Ecotourism economy is focusing in the place that can be travel as the places are undisturbed and conserved natural beauty. Most of the ecotourism also contributed a lot of money to the world economy. Ecotourism generates at least $500 billion per year worldwide” (Greenwell 2007). As the animal extinct, it will affect the ecotourism economy because ecotourism has no resources to attract the travellers. Then, the ecotourism economy will be decline and also affected the world economy. Thus, animals are very significant in order to contribute a lot to the worldwide economy. Lost of resources is one of the effects that threat to mankind. A lot of thing that mankind are depending on animals to make life complete and flawless. “Animals parts are treated as raw materials that use in production ommodities or for scientific use” (Animal as Resources 2013). Mostly medicine and vaccines that salient to the mankind are from animals as resources. These are the evidence that show animals are very significant to mankind. Then, when the animal lost, mankind will not have resources to depend. Mankind for sure cannot live in condition where only meet one species in Homo sapiens kingdom. These animals which are extinct might be brought back by scientist by using cloning method. However, the cloning methods are very dangerous and take long time for production.
Animal extinction can also affect the equilibrium of ecosystem. “Biodiversity simply refers to the number of terrestrial species in the earth’s surface as well as ecosystems” (Chronicle 2008). The variety species within a natural community means all the various species are make up the biodiversity of the world and should be valued highly. The equilibrium between mankind, animals and plants are very important in biodiversity. When the animal extinct, the biodiversity will become not stable as the ecosystem lost the population of that animal.
The instrumental value of the animal species also should be considered in order to maintain the biodiversity and animal can be conserved. The animal that extinct is taking a long time to bring it back in this world. As a conclusion, animal extinction is not something new in our society. The animal species needs to obtain legal protection to make sure the rate of animal extinction decelerate. Conservation efforts should be connected to all mankind in order to conserve endangered animals activities. Mankind have to be aware and take care of these problems besides stop doing illegal and irresponsible activities.
Thus, as mankind stopped the illegal activity, the animal extinction will decrease and mankind can maintain ecotourism economy, animal as resources and equilibrium of biodiversity. (877 words) REFERENCES LIST * Chronicle, Atlanta. Animal Extinction Causes and Effects. 2012. ACME Articles. Accessed May 8. http://www. acme-articles. com/article/Environmental/Animal_Extinction_Causes_and_Effects/88197 * Climate Change-effects on animals, birds and plants. 2013. Climate & Weather. Accessed April 29. http://www. climateandweather. net/global_warming/effects_on_animals. htm Greenwell,Michael. The Impact of Wildlife Extinction and the Importance of Biodiversity. 2007. Exit Stage Right. Accessed April 26. http://exitstageright. wordpress. com/2007/10/08/the-impact-of-wildlife-extinction-and-the-importance-of-biodiversity/ * Illegal Wildlife Trade. 2013. World Wildlife Fund. Accessed May 8. http://worldwildlife. org/threats/illegal-wildlife-trade * Whitty ,Julia. Animal Extinction-the greatest threat to mankind. 2007. The Independent. Accessed April 26. http://www. independent. co. uk/environment/animal-extinction–the-greatest-threat-to-mankind-397939. html