Ap Dbq List

1 January 2018

Their efforts culminated in the Populist Party attempt to create n interracial farmer/labor coalition in the sass, but William Jennings Bran’s defeat in the pivotal election of 1 896 signaled the triumph of urbanism and the middle class.

I. Summary for Chapter. Read this section as you are reading the text, as these are the main ideas and concepts of the reading. It is also very important to look over all text inserts, cartoons, pictures, maps, charts etc. That are in the reading. (33 pegs) 1.At the close of the Civil War, the Great Plains and Mountain West were still occupied by Indians who hunted buffalo on horseback and fiercely resisted white encroachment on their land and way of life.

But as the whites’ livestock grazed the prairies and diseases undercut Indian strength and numbers, a cycle of nevi ornamental destruction and intertribal warfare soon threatened Native Americans’ existence. The federal government combined a misconceived “treaty” program with intermittent warfare to force the Indians into largely barren reservations.

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2.Attempting to coerce Indians into adopting white ways, the government passed the Daces Act, which eliminated tribal ownership of land while often insensitive “humanitarians” created a network of Indian boarding schools that further assaulted traditional Native American culture. 3. The mining and cattle frontiers created colorful chapters in western history. Farmers carried out the final phase of settlement, lured by free homesteads, railroads, and irrigation.

The census declared the end of the frontier in 1 890, concluding a formative phase Of American history.The frontier was less a “safety valve” than many believed, but the growth of cities actually made the West the most urbanize region of the United States by the sass. 4. Beginning in the sass, farmers began pushing into the treeless prairies beyond the 1 10th meridian, using the techniques of dry farming that gradually contributed to soil loss. Irrigation projects, later financed by the federal government, allowed specialized farming in many areas of the arid West, including California.The “closing” of the frontier in 1890 signified the end of traditional westward expansion, but the Great West remained a unique social and environmental region. 5.

As the farmers opened vast new lands, agriculture was becoming a mechanized business dependent on specialized production and international markets. Once declining prices and other woes doomed the farmers to permanent debt and dependency, they began to protest their lot, first through the Grange and then through Farmers’ Alliances, the ruled to the Peoples (Populist) party. 6.The major depression of the 1 sass accelerated farmer and labor strikes and unrest, leading to a growing sense of class conflict. In 1896 pro- silver William Jennings Bryan captured the Democratic Party’s nomination, and led a fervent campaign against the “Goldberg’ Rep publicans and their candidate William McKinley. McKinley success in winning urban workers away from Bryan proved a turning point in American politics, signaling the triumph of the city, the middle class, and a new party system that turned away from monetary issues and put the Republicans in the political driver’s eat for two generations.II.

Major questions & concepts for consideration. Write these out on a separate sheet of paper. These will be the topics of discussion and class participation. Look above in the summary of the chapter, as you answer the following conceptual questions: 1 . Discuss the causes and results of the warfare between whites and Native Americans in the great West. 2. Explain the development of federal policy toward Native Americans in the late nineteenth century.

3. Analyze the brief flowering and decline of the cattle and mining frontiers. 4.Explain the impact of the closing of the frontier and the long-term significance Of the frontier for American history. 5. Describe the revolutionary changes in farming on the Great Plains. 6.

Describe the economic forces that drove farmers into debt, and describe how the Grange, the Farmers’ Alliances and the Populist party organized to protest their oppression. 7. Explain the major issues in the critical campaign of 1 896 and describe the long term effects of McKinley victory. Ill. Significant names, terms, and topics: Know these terms etc. AP.Jeopardy: The Clash of Cultures on the Plains (Page 594) ; Before reading this section read the quotation of Frederick Jackson Turner on page 594.

This is a quote from his famous essay The significance of the Frontier in American History (1920) Also read the analysis of the essay in Varying Viewpoints on page 622. Also see 48 below. Please also see the picture and caption on page 595 this certainly “talks” to the document from the Coronado expedition of 1 541. ; Overview Cause: The encroachment of white settlement and the violation of treaties.Effect: Led to nearly constant warfare with Planes Indians from 1868 to about 1890. 1. Significance of intertribal warfare, and forced migration of tribes.

; Cheyenne and Sioux transformation from foot travel, crop villages to nomadic buffalo hunters. 2. Effects of European diseases, and white introduced livestock had devastating results. 3. Pacification Treaties marked the beginning of the reservation system in the West. ; Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1851 ; Treaty of Fort Atkinson, 1853 ; These treaties established boundaries for each: ; Attempted to separate Indians into two great colonies North and South of intended: 4.Fearing reprisals, the NZ Pearce attempted to escape to Canada, led by Chief Joseph.

This group of 800 Indians evaded capture for 75 days before surrendering to the U. S. Troops just 40 miles from the Canadian border. In advising his people to give up, Chief Joseph made a moving speech. “I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed..

. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led the young men is dead. It is cold and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, have no blankets, no food.

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