Ap Global Midterm Review

1 January 2018

Only two completely new countries in Europe were formed after WWW – Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Poland, which had been wiped off the map in 1795, was revived. The Baltic republics – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania asserted their independence. Romania doubled in size. After To a great extent, no new countries were formed after World War II.

Most of these changes occurred in the East.Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, only just winning independence after WWW were erased as independent states and came part of the Soviet Union. Pollard’s borders were moved eastward to include only the “corridor” from before the war but also parts of East Prussia, Pomeranian, and Sillies, though they also lost the eastern parts of their country to the Soviet Union. Austria and Czechoslovakia, states created by the end of WWW but annexed to Nazi Germany in the asses reappeared, though Czechoslovakia was firmly under Soviet domination and the Austrian were forced to remain neutral during the growing Cold War.In Europe the only country divided was Germany. * Conservatism in western politics Conservatives, such as Australia’s prince Clemens von Meteoritic, were bent on maintaining the sanctity of traditional political institutions, particularly the monarchy. It was also their goal to maintain a balance of power in Europe in order to ensure a permanent peace.

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* Welfare state Welfare State and Consumer Society A. The motives for the welfare state protection against depression and political extremism argument for social justice B.Features of the welfare state support ‘from cradle to grave’ 2. Educational and cultural opportunities C. The growth of consumer society a new standard of living . Materialism and hedonism the 3. The end of public life? * Nuclear umbrella Nuclear umbrella refers to a guarantee by a nuclear weapons state to defend a non-nuclear allied state.

* Germany after World War II At the end of the war, Germany was basically divided into 4 sections, each one under the control of one of the Allied powers; The United States, England, France, and Russia.Berlin was divided as well. After a period of rebuilding and reorganization, the sections under the control of the United States, England, and France were returned to the control of the German government. Russia attained control over its section and brought it under the fold of the newly formed USSR. This resulted in the Berlin Wall, and the separate countries of East Germany and West Germany. Following the fall of communism and the breakup of the USSR in the 1 ass’s, Germany reunified. Marshall plan * Proposed to rebuild the continent in the interest of political stability and a healthy world economy * viewed as a vehicle for American economic dominance * Iron Curtain * a term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the boundary that separated the Warsaw Pact countries from the NATO countries from about 945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991 * was both a physical and an ideological division that represented the way Europe was viewed after World War II * Soviet control over Eastern Europe Between 1 945 and 1949 Stalin created a Russian empire in Eastern Europe.

This empire included Poland, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and East Germany. Each had a Communist government. In the West they were called satellites because they clung closely to the Soviet Union like satellites round a planet. Stalin was able to create this empire for a number of reasons. The first was the military might of the Soviet Union in Europe after 945. Another reason for the spread of Communism after the war was the gratitude of many Eastern Europeans for their liberation from Nazism.This, and the often-appalling conditions at the end of the war, played into the hands of east European communist parties, which were, of course, backed by Stalin and the Soviet union.

* Decentralization after World War II After WINNIE Europe tried to reassert its colonial dominance over Africa and the Far East. At the same time national movements grew strong in those colonies. Europe soon realized that they would be unable to physically control the loonies without massive military occupation forces.This was impossible both in economic and political terms. As a result the colonial powers began a staged withdrawal of physical control but maintained economic ties. While these new countries were ‘independent’ their formal colonial masters still had much control over the country. * Impact of World War II on international trade The conclusion of World War II spurred efforts to correct the problems stemming from protectionism, which had increased since 1 871 , and trade restrictions, which had been imposed between World Wars I and II.

The exulting multilateral trade agreements and other forms of international economic cooperation led to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GAIT) and laid the foundation for the World Trade Organization ONTO). * Impact of World War II on civilian population -One of the most distressing impacts that war has on civilians is the frequent removal of their basic human rights -Huge civilian casualties on front line and bombing attacks -gave people the physiological hope to become as powerful as Hitler did * Consequences of industrialization in the asses – Mass migration of people from the land to the cities.

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