Baking soda versus baking powder

6 June 2016

What is the chemical name for baking soda? The proper chemical name for sodium bicarbonate or baking soda is sodium hydrogen carbonate.{Source 1} What does baking powder contain? It is made from an alkali, bicarbonate of soda, and an acid, cream of tartar, plus a filler like corn flour or rice flour which absorbs moisture. {Source 2} How does baking powder work? The powder is activated when liquid is added, producing carbon dioxide and forming bubbles that cause the mixture to expand. For this reason, it is important to get your cake mixture into the oven quickly once the ‘wet’ ingredients have been added to the ‘dry’ ingredients. NaHCO3 + KHC4H4O6 —-> KNaC4H4O6 + H2O + CO2. {Source 3} How does baking soda work?

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Bicarbonate of soda works by giving off carbon dioxide which expands the mixture. Once the mixture is cooked, the carbon dioxide is replaced by air. {Source 2}During baking, however, there is no chemical reaction with baking soda; instead, heat causes a mechanical reaction. It begins to release CO2 when it reaches a certain temperature. With baking powder, a chemical reaction happens and begins as soon as the wet ingredients are mixed in, at which point CO2 immediately begins being released either rapidly or slowly depending on the type of acid salt in the baking powder. {Source 6} When using baking powder, acid salts in the baking powder, because they are dry, will not begin to cause the chemical reaction with the baking soda (releasing the CO2) until they come into contact with moisture. The differences in the speed of the reactions depend on the kind of acid salt used in the baking powder. Some yield rapid reactions, while others react more slowly.

Why are they added to a recipe in baking? Baking powder and Baking Soda are both chemical leavening agents used in baking. This basically means that they make baked goods rise by creating air bubbles when mixed and baked. {Source 4} NaHCO3 + H+ —–> Na+ + H20 + CO2
(soda) (acid) (sodium) (water) (gas) {Source 5}
Advantages of using baking powder instead of baking soda?

Tub & Tile
Sprinkle a light amount of baking soda to the area, wet a sponge, and scrub away, rinse well. Pots & Pans
To cut the grease, and the time it takes to wash those stubborn pots and pans, mix 2 tablespoons of baking soda with dish soap to the pot or pan, and add a little water. This will help remove cooked on food to pots and pans or dishes and any leftover grease. Oven Cleaner

An easy way to clean your oven is cover the bottom of your oven with baking soda, moisten the baking soda. Let the baking soda do the work overnight, in the morning rinse the grime out with a sponge, and rinse again with water. Microwave

If you are worried about using chemicals to clean your microwave, using a damp sponge with a little baking soda to clean the inside is safe. Rinse well, a gentle clean with no harsh chemicals. Sponge

After some time, sponges start to smell bad even though it is not time to throw them away. To get rid of the smell and to save the lifespan of the sponge mix four tablespoons of baking soda with a quart of warm water and let it soak. Rinse well with water. Walls & Furniture

For a stubborn stain on a wall or on painted furniture, use a little baking soda and a soft sponge to remove the stain. Garage & Driveways Just as the baking soda cuts the grease of pots and pans, for any oil or grease spills on the garage floor or driveway, soak it up with baking soda. Coat the spill with baking soda and scrub with a wet brush, rinse with water.


To remove grime, tree sap, tar, and bugs use a soft cloth with baking soda to the area. Sprinkle baking soda on floor mats let stand for 10-15 minutes and vacuum away for a fresh smell. Cleaning your chrome, tires and lights use a
baking soda paste with water, with no worries for fine line scratches. Toothpaste

To give your toothpaste a little enhancement, get a small dish of baking soda to keep the cabinet to dip your toothbrush in after toothpaste is applied. Step further homemade toothpaste, make with baking soda, and 3% Hydrogen Peroxide to your desired consistency. Mouth Wash

Mix baking soda (1 teaspoon) with water (1/2 cup) to neutralize odors, not just cover them up. Swishing with baking soda will also help relieve canker sore pain.

Oral Equipment
Dentures, retainers, and mouthpieces, clean dulcetly with a little bit of baking soda and water. To get rid of stubborn food and odors let soak over in night in a solution of one teaspoon (let dissolve) of baking soda in a small bowl. Body Scrub

Make an exfoliating cream/paste mix three parts baking soda to one part water. Apply to desire areas rub softly in circular motion. (If applied to face stay clear of the eyes). Rinse with water. Natural Deodorant

To stay away from the terrible chemicals that are in deodorant let underarms dry after a shower, apply baking soda to your underarms.

Treatment for Bites & Dry Skin
For insect bite, or sting, make a thick paste of baking soda and water. Apply a generous amount to the affected area let dry. For dry and itchy skin to relieve the itch after a shower, apply light amount of baking soda to the skin. Body Treatment

For a full body treatment, add a ½ cup of baking soda to your bath while filling the tub. The baking soda will leave the skin feeling soft and smooth from neutralizing acids on the skin and will cut through the oils left on the surface of your skin. Pedicure at Home

In a tub, fill with warm water; mix in three tablespoons of baking soda soak feet for 5 minutes. Gently scrub with loofa or pumas stone, rinse with water, apply lotion.

Enhance Shampoo
To help remove the residue in your hair from products daily, mix a small amount of baking soda to your shampoo in your hand. Apply to hair shampoo normally and rinse. Extra cleansing that is needed after a night out, or if hair is overly oily. Hair Utensils

The oils and residue left on brushes and combs will dull and weigh down hair. To rid brushes and combs of residue and keep them clean, rinse utensils in a bowl of warm water with one tablespoon of baking soda.

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