Balanced Budget Essay Research Paper Balanced BudgetThomas

8 August 2017

Balanced Budget Essay, Research Paper

Balanced Budget

Thomas Jefferson stated, & # 8220 ; I place economic system among the

foremost and most of import virtuousnesss, and public debt as the

greatest of dangers. To continue our independency, we must

non allow our swayers load us with ageless debt & # 8221 ; ( Grinsburg

1 ) . This quotation mark illustrates the importance of keeping a

balanced budget ; hence, it is necessary to stand steadfastly

resolved that the authorities should equilibrate its budget.

Three chief statements uphold this premiss. They are as

follows: 1. It is executable for the authorities to equilibrate the

budget, 2. A budget shortage harms the United States through

making a trade shortage and increasing the national debt,

3. A balanced budget would profit the United States by

supplying excess financess for societal plans, revenue enhancement cuts, and

cut downing the national debt.

Argument 1: It is executable for the authorities to equilibrate its


On of January 7, 1998, the U.S. Congressional Budget

Office released a budget prognosis that & # 8220 ; shows the federal

budget to be in effectual balance, with a projected shortage

of merely $ 5 billion this twelvemonth a fiddling per centum of an

estimated $ 8.5 trillion gross domestic merchandise & # 8221 ; ( Bartlett

8 ) . The authorities was able to equilibrate the budget without

doing negative complications. This balance came absent of

any important revenue enhancement additions and/or authorities cuts in

disbursement. Because the United State & # 8217 ; s economic system has been

comparatively productive in the past few old ages, the authorities

was able to equilibrate the budget through an addition in revenue enhancement

grosss. During this clip the authorities was really able

to increase its disbursement slightly, while the American people

were free from extra revenue enhancement loads. In fact, harmonizing

to the U.S. Treasury Department, & # 8220 ; federal grosss are up

10.5 % over the same period a twelvemonth earlier, while disbursement is

up merely 3.8 % & # 8221 ; ( Bartlett 6 ) . Basically, this shows that it

is non merely possible for the authorities to equilibrate its

budget, but it can besides be done without negative

effects. Keeping a budget shortage, on the other

manus, drastically hurts the stableness of the U.S. economic system.

Argument 2: A budget shortage harms the United States through

making a trade shortage and increasing the national debt

About everyday on the intelligence one hears something about

the Federal shortage and the U.S. budget jobs. Presently,

the Federal shortage is over five trillion dollars, and that

divided out among the U.S. population peers over 19

thousand dollars per individual. This tremendous debt couldn & # 8217 ; T

hold been created overnight. The authorities & # 8217 ; s failure to

equilibrate the budget resulted in both the big trade shortage

and big national debt.

First, the authorities needs to concentrate on the trade

shortage. Lowering the budget shortage will assist the American

public with national nest eggs which, in the long tally, will

deliverance the trade shortage. & # 8220 ; The ballooning federal shortage

had cut national nest eggs far below the states investing

demands. As a consequence, the U.S. had to import capital from

overseas, which necessarily resulted in a trade shortage & # 8221 ;

( Koretz 1 ) . The chief point of all this is that private

nest eggs is down, and needs to be brought back up. & # 8220 ; Thus,

while the populace sector & # 8217 ; s salvaging public presentation has improved

mightily in recent old ages, America & # 8217 ; s household nest eggs rate

has plummeted to its lowest degree in 39 old ages go forthing the

U.S. still extremely dependent on foreign capital ( Koretz 1 ) .

Another cardinal point to this issue is high foreign debt. By

1997, the U.S. & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; net foreign debt was more than 1 trillion

and was increasing at an one-year rate of 15 to 20 per centum,

with Japan having about $ 300 billion and China more than

$ 50 billion in U.S. exchequer bonds & # 8221 ; ( Huntington 28 ) .

Extinguishing this foreign debt would be another good measure in

the right way for the U.S. authorities.

The 2nd obstruction is that the national debt is

troublesome. The national debt and involvement payments mean

higher revenue enhancements. The involvement on this debt is turning

everyday, and something demands to be done so revenue enhancements don & # 8217 ; t maintain

acquiring higher to pay for it. & # 8220 ; Today, the authorities must

pass 40 cents of every personal income revenue enhancement dollar to pay

involvement on the national debt & # 8221 ; ( Ginsburgh 1 ) . If 40 cents

doesn & # 8217 ; t blow your head, so possibly the billion dollar

figures will. & # 8220 ; Gross involvement on the debt will go on to

rise well over the following 5 old ages from $ 360 billion

in 1997, to $ 412 billion by 2002, and by 2007 merely the

involvement on the debt is projected to be $ 483 billion This

$ 493 billion is merely $ 50 billion shy of our full

discretional budget for the current financial twelvemonth & # 8221 ; ( Hatch

S1152-1187 ) . These Numberss are impossible for most U.S.

households. You may inquire how does something like this even

Begin to go on. Let & # 8217 ; s interrupt it down even more. The U.S.

national debt stands at over $ 5 trillion dollars, and that

translates into over $ 19,000 for every adult male, every adult female, and

every kid in America. The debt of an mean household is

more than $ 72,000. That is more than the mean household

income in America. You think its bad on household, what about

the immature heads of American conveying us into the 21st

century? & # 8220 ; For many immature grownups who are taking advantage of

pupil loans to obtain a better instruction, the national

debt can peal up $ 2,200 in extra costs on that loan & # 8221 ;

( Hutchinson S985-988 ) . The elective functionaries in office demand

to concentrate harder on these subjects and quit jostling them out

the back door of the capital.

Even worse, the demographics of the U.S. are altering

drastically. Peoples are populating longer, seting an even

larger load on the entitlements. Along with this, the

figure of working taxpayers will worsen when the & # 8216 ; babe

boomers & # 8217 ; make retirement. This will intend fewer grosss

for the authorities, doing the state of affairs worse. Something

& gt ;

has to be done to repair the budget job, or hereafter

coevalss will hold the job that they did non make.

Argument 3: A balanced budget would profit the United

States by supplying excess financess for societal plans, revenue enhancement

cuts, and cut downing the national debt

A balanced budget is indispensable for the hereafter well

being of our state. Currently, persons within our

state are recognizing that without some kind of economic

action societal plans like Social Security will hold to be

shut down, revenue enhancements will hold to be raised to outrageous

sums, and the national debt, including involvement

payments, will suck our budget prohibitionist. The most feasible option

to forestalling these jobs is equilibrating the budget.

Social Security and other societal plans seem to be

progressively at hazard with the aging population of the United

States. Presently Social Security and Medicare combined do

up 32.5 % of the Total Federal Outlays ( Congressional

Research Service 1 ) . This already big figure is expected

to increase when babe boomers seek retirement. Without a

balanced budget, the babe boomers could do serious

jobs. Estimates show that to supply for the babe

boomers through these plans, the authorities & # 8220 ; would hold

to raise [ revenue enhancements ] by about 50 % to raise adequate money & # 8221 ;

( Krugman 94 ) . Clearly, this is an alternate that the

authorities does non desire to take, and, thanks to a balanced

budget, it won & # 8217 ; Ts have excessively. Our recent balanced budget has

even lead to a excess with provides an sum of excess

financess that can be used to assist plans such as these. Even

without a budget excess, a regular balance would hold the

same consequence because the authorities will cut down its national

debt, which means fewer involvement payments and hence

agencies more money to pass on these plans without holding

to revenue enhancement the American people more.

The national debt in itself is a big job, as seen

in the old statement. In add-on to harming our

society by puting larger revenue enhancement loads on Americans, the

involvement payments on the national debt take money and

resources off from other countries. Many argue that & # 8220 ; the best

manner to safeguard Social Security is to use all of the

excess to paying down the national debt. Such an attack

would shrink the authorities & # 8217 ; s involvement costs which are

presently one seventh of all disbursement and potentially go forth

adequate money in the overall budget to cover the spread between

Social Security costs and payroll revenue enhancement grosss for decennaries,

harmonizing to disposal projections & # 8221 ; ( Brownstein 1 ) .

When the authorities has run a debt so big that it spends

an tremendous sum of money on involvement entirely, it is wise

policy to desire to extinguish that fiscal load and

apportion the money to more good undertakings. Because the

authorities can equilibrate its budget with no negative

effects, it should seek to make it. After all, the

benefits are a necessity for the economic endurance of our

state in the hereafter.

Balancing the budget besides prevents a demand for the

authorities to revenue enhancement Americans more. With a budget shortage,

the authorities may hold to seek more money from its people

in order to fund its budget ; nevertheless, with a balanced

budget, this is non necessary. First of all, revenue enhancements are

already really high on Americans, and hence, any policy

that might take down revenue enhancements would be good. Harmonizing to a

Tax Foundation survey, & # 8220 ; State and local revenue enhancements claimed an

amazing 38.2 per centum of the income of a average

two-income household doing $ 55,000 up from 37.3 % in

1996 Federal taxed under President Clinton consumed 20

per centum of America & # 8217 ; s full gross domestic merchandise in

1997 The mean American household today spends more on revenue enhancements

than it does on nutrient, vesture, and lodging combined & # 8221 ; ( Grams

S882-884 ) . With revenue enhancements already this high, the authorities

ought to seek to take down the revenue enhancement load on the populace. By

making a balanced budget, the authorities can work toward

cut downing the national debt which will take down the sum of

money paid on involvement, which will take down the sum of money

the authorities needs to roll up through revenue enhancements.

In decision, the budget shortage causes harmful

jobs, such as an extra trade shortage and a big

national debt, that need to be reduced. In add-on, a

balanced budget would assist neglecting societal plans and

relieve the revenue enhancement load topographic point on U.S. citizens but making

a excess and take downing the national debt. It is besides really

executable for the authorities to take this class of action

because, with the increased revenue enhancement grosss, the authorities can

balance its budget without raising revenue enhancements and/or cut

authorities disbursement.

Plants Cited

Bartlett, Bruce. & # 8220 ; Bartlett & # 8217 ; s Notations: Having Budget

Excess May Enhance Growth. & # 8221 ; Detroit News, 2 Mar 1998,


Bartlett, Bruce. & # 8220 ; Bartlett & # 8217 ; s Notations: New Budget

Challenge: Keeping Books Balanced. & # 8221 ; Detroit News,

19 Jan 1998, p.8

Brownstien, Ronald. U.S. News and World Report. 23 Mar

1998. P 1.

Congressional Research Service, Entitlements: Brief

Descriptions of Largest Programs, 17 Feb 1994.

Ginsburgh, Justin. On-Line. Available

[ hypertext transfer protocol: // jgins/budget.htm ]

Grams, Rod. & # 8220 ; Why We Must Return Any Budget Surplus to the

Taxpayers. & # 8221 ; Congressional Record. Daily erectile dysfunction. 24 Feb,

1998, p. S882-884.

Hatch, Orrin G. & # 8220 ; Balanced Budget Amendment to the

Constitution. & # 8221 ; Congressional Record. Daily erectile dysfunction. 10 Feb

1997, p. S1152-1187.

Huntington, Samuel P. & # 8220 ; The Erosion of American National

Interests. & # 8221 ; Foreign Affairs. Sept-Oct 1997, p.28-49.

Hutchinson, Kay Bailey. & # 8220 ; The Budget. & # 8221 ; Congressional

Record. Daily erectile dysfunction. 5 Feb 1997, p. S985-988.

Koretz, Gene. & # 8220 ; Economic Trends. & # 8221 ; Business Week. 19 Jan

1998, p. 1.

Krugman, Paul. The Age of Diminished Expectations. The MIT

Imperativeness, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1997.

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