Battle Of Shiloh Essay Research Paper BATTLE
Battle Of Shiloh Essay, Research Paper
BATTLE OF SHILOH
As a consequence of the autumn of Forts Henry and Donelson, Confederate Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, the commanding officer in the country, was forced to fall back, giving up Kentucky and much of West and Middle Tennessee. He chose Corinth, Mississippi, a major transit centre, as the presenting country for an violative against Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee before the Army of the Ohio, under Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, could fall in it.
The Confederate retrenchment was a surprise, although a pleasant one, to the Union forces, and it took Grant, with about 40,000 work forces, some clip to mount a southern violative, along the Tennessee River, toward Pittsburg Landing. Grant received orders to expect Buell s Army of the Ohio at Pittsburg Landing. Grant did non take to strengthen his place ; instead, he set about boring his work forces, many of which were natural recruits. Johnston originally planned to assail Grant on April 4, but holds postponed it until the 6th.
Attacking the Union military personnels on the forenoon of the 6th, the Confederates surprised them. Some Federal soldiers made determined bases and by afternoon, they had established a conflict line at the deep-set route, known as the & # 8220 ; Hornets Nest. & # 8221 ; Repeated Rebel onslaughts failed to transport the Hornets Nest, but massed heavy weapon helped to turn the tide as Confederates surrounded the Union military personnels and captured, killed, or wounded most. Johnston had been mort
ally wounded earlier and his 2nd in bid, Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, took over. The Union military personnels established another line covering Pittsburg Landing, anchored with heavy weapon and augmented by Buell s work forces who began to arrive and take up places. Contending continued until after dark, but the Federals held. By the following forenoon, the combined Federal forces numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard s ground forces of less than 30,000. Beauregard was unaware of the reaching of Buell s ground forces and launched a countermove in response to a two-mile progress by William Nelson s division of Buell s ground forces at 6:00 am, which was, at first, successful.
Union military personnels stiffened and began coercing the Confederates back. Beauregard ordered a countermove, which stopped the Union progress but did non interrupt its conflict line. At this point, Beauregard realized that he could non win and, holding suffered excessively many casualties, he retired from the field and headed back to Corinth. On the 8th, Grant sent Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, with two brigades, and Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood, with his division, in chase of Beauregard. They ran into the Rebel rearguard, commanded by Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest, at Fallen Timbers. Forrest s aggressive tactics, although finally contained, influenced the Union military personnels to return to Pittsburg Landing. Grant s command of the Confederate forces continued ; he had beaten them one time once more. The Confederates continued to fall back until establishing their mid-August offense.