Battle Of Wounded Knee Essay Research Paper
Battle Of Wounded Knee Essay, Research Paper
On December 15, 1890 governments feared that the Sioux & # 8217 ; s new Ghost
Dance? faith might animate an rebellion. Siting Bull permitted Grand
River people to fall in the antiwhite Ghost Dance cult and was hence
arrested by military personnels. In the affray that followed, he was changeable twice in the
Siting Bull & # 8217 ; followings were apprehended and brought to the U.S
Army Camp at Wounded Knee Creek in southwesterly South Dakota.
Traveling among the tepee, soldiers lifted adult females & # 8217 ; s frocks and
touched their private parts, rending from them indispensable cookery and
run uping utensils. The work forces sitting in the council heard the angry scream of
their married womans, female parents, and girls. Several Lakota, offended by the
opprobrious actions of the horse, pig-headedly waited to hold their arms
taken from them. It was a show of award in forepart of their seniors, for few
of them were old plenty to hold fought in the & # 8220 ; Indian Wars & # 8221 ; fifteen old ages
That dark, everyone was tired out by the difficult trip. James Asay, a
Pine Ridge bargainer and whisky smuggler, brought a ten-gallon keg of whisky
to the Seventh Cavalry officers. Many of the Indian work forces were kept up all
dark by the bibulous Cavalry where the soldiers kept inquiring them how old
they were. The soldiers were trusting to detect which of the work forces had been
at the Battle of Little Bighorn where Custer was killed.
On the bitterly cold forenoon of December 29, 1890, Alice Ghost
a thirteen- twelvemonth old Lakota miss rode her Equus caballus through the U.S Army cantonment
looking for her male parent, one of the Indian work forces who had been rounded up
earlier that twenty-four hours.
Less than 50 paces away she could see her male parent sitting on the
land with other disarmed work forces from Chief Big Foot & # 8217 ; s set, surrounded by
more than 500 to a great extent armed soldiers of the Seventh Cavalry. She looked
North up the hill where four & # 8220 ; guns on wheels & # 8221 ; were mounted. Cavalrymans
watched mutely on each side of the Hotchkiss battery.
To one side Alice noticed a familiar figure standing with custodies
raised above his caput, his weaponries turned upward in supplication. It was the
medical specialty adult male by the name of Yellow Bird. He stood confronting the E, right
by the fire cavity which was now covered with soil. He was praying and
weeping. He was stating to the patched bird of Joves that he wanted to decease alternatively
of his people. He must hold sense that something was traveling to go on. He
picked up some soil from the fire topographic point and threw it up in the air and
said, & # 8220 ; This is the manner I want to travel, back to dust. & # 8221 ;
Seventh Cavalry translator Phillip F. Wells, whose cognition of
the Lakota linguistic communication was hapless, subsequently told military research workers that a adult male
named Yellow Bird stood up at Wounded Knee and intentionally incited the
Lakota to contend.
Colonel Forsyth gave a eccentric order: each soldier was told to take
his unloaded gun at an Indians brow and to draw the trigger. After
Wells translated the take downing order to the astonished Lakota, they could
non grok this folly. Looking at each other, their faces grew
& # 8220 ; wild with fear. & # 8221 ;
Alice so saw two or three sergeants grab a deaf adult male named Black
Coyote who had yet to be disarmed. His friends had been so busy speaking
that they had left him uniformed. The soldiers tore off his cover,
approximately swirling him about. He raised his rifle above his caput to maintain it
off from them. In the thick of shouting, jolt, and distortion, the
battle ended out of the blue when the rifle pointed toward the east terminal
discharged in the chip forenoon air.
Lieutenant James Mann screamed, & # 8220 ; Fire! Fire on them! & # 8221 ; On bid
the military personnels opened fire in an explosive fusillade, enveloping both aggressors
and victims in a dark drape of acrid fume.
That twenty-four hours over three hundred aged work forces, adult females, and kids, all
disarmed were viciously murdered. After the genocidal process occurred, a
snowstorm hit, and it was on the forth twenty-four hours that hunt parties were sent
out to bury the dead.
A newspaper newsman attach toing the burial party described the
foremost organic structure they found as that of a male about twelve old ages old. The male child
had been shot.
He was have oning a & # 8220 ; ghost shirt & # 8221 ; embolized with an bird of Jove, American bison, and
morning-star insignia. They believed that these symbols of powerful
liquors would protect them from the soldier & # 8217 ; s slugs.
Many of the hurt subsisters subsequently died or were in secret carried
off in the dark by Lakota from other sets. The dead were buried in
concealed locations, and carefully concealed from federal functionaries who subsequently
underestimated the decease toll at 146, over two hundred less than the
existent figure butchered an their ain land.
The frozen organic structures were taken to the top of the hill overlooking
the vale where they had died. Gravediggers carved a agape hole signifier the
Earth, six pess deep, 10 broad, 60 long. When the orders were given to
bury the first burden, three soldiers jumped into the grave and each cadaver
was given to them one at a clip. They stripped them of all saleable
articles from the organic structures as if they were clambering coneies.
Without supplication services of any sort, the Lakota dead were layered
in a mass grave, foremost one bare row across the underside of the trench, and
old ground forces covers were placed over them, so another row of wilted organic structures
lengthwise. And so on they continued until the last hill of soil was
In 1968, the Indian militant group known as AIM was born. The
existent establishing members remain unknown, but Dennis Banks, Clyde
Bellecourt, and George Miller were outstanding in its foundation. The group
was ab initio organized to cover with prejudiced patterns of the
constabularies in the apprehension of Indians and to contend for the rights of American
In November 1972, members of AIM marched and protested in forepart of
the White House in Washington D.C. They had come to kick about the
intervention of the agency towards them. The group of over 500 so decided
to take over the BIA edifice.
During the instrumental week-long business, the Indians
comfortably settled in the edifice. Cooking, washup, and cleaning
was organized. Guards were appointed and kids were looked after. This
was astonishing sing the sum of people in the edifice. Then the
inevitable reaching of the constabulary surrounded the edifice. Uniformed in
public violence cogwheel, the constabulary began to crush Indians standing around the locality
and hale them to imprison. A rainstorm of office stuffs were thrown at the
constabularies. Many were discouraged and maintain their distance from the entryway.
Inside the edifice, it was non wholly helter-skelter but slightly of an
organized confusion. Women and kids ran for safety and the brave appreciation
assorted arms and stood their land. Many were prepared to decease in the
Indian Reorganization Act
The Indian Reorganization Act, a major reform of U.S policy toward
American Indians, was enacted by Congress on June 18, 1934 as a consequence of
a decennary of unfavorable judgment of conditions on the reserves. It forbade the
farther allocation of tribal lands to single Indians. It destroyed the
old, traditional signifier of Indian self- authorities. Power was chiefly left to
half-blood tribal presidents whose confederation was chiefly to the U.S
Dicky Wilson was the worst of this type. He was accused of
illicitly change overing tribal financess and holding people beaten and murdered.
He besides had Russel Means, a AIM leader, crush up and sent to the
infirmary. After that state of affairs, AIM decided to contend back.
Siege of Wounded Knee
In February 1973, members of AIM gathered around a courthouse to
go to the test of Wesly Bad Heart who had been stabbed to decease by a
white adult male.
Not surprisingly, the liquidator was acquitted. The group refused to accept
the determination. The coiled tenseness was about to be released by the opprobrious
actions of the constabulary. Cavalrymans used an array of public violence arms to command
the multitudes. Indians set edifices on fire and broke into shops. The
contending lasted till midafternoon.
The group so decided to head to Wounded Knee, an Oglala Sioux
crossroads on the Pine Ridge reserve in South Dakota. Everyone began
puting up collapsible shelters and doing sand traps around the Sacred Heart Church. Merely a
few had rifles and there was merely one automatic weapon an AK-47. Many
stood silent as they stood on where many of there people were butchered.
Around the locality stood the Gildersleeve Trading Post and Sacred
Heart Church. Both had been desecretions of the slaughtered Indians from
the Original Battle of Wounded Knee. There was a shop that sold post cards
with the images of the dead cadavers. The church that overlooked the vale
was taken over by the Indians. They stormed in and began to dance Indian
manner. A FBI auto arrived to supervise their actions. We challenged them to
repetition the slaughter that occurred about a hundred old ages ago.
During the ten-week long coup d’etat at Wounded Knee, the clip was
largely past in ennui. Womans were sent to shops to purchase nutrient while others
prepared it. The brave and strong adult females carried arms. A white adult male & # 8217 ; s
place became a infirmary ran by adult female. More and more Federals arrived to
surround the country and some shooting at people. Some were sauntering about in
armoured vehicles others walked through the locality with attack Canis familiariss.
Reporters and politicians had besides arrived. When nutrient became short, they
began runing for mooses and bulls. One twenty-four hours a plane flew through and dropped
four hundred lbs of nutrient. Everyone began to teem around it and take out
it. It was filled with powdery milk, beans, flour, rice, java,
patchs, vitamins, and antibiotics.
Two Indians were dead and many were injured. When an Indian was
shooting at and severely hurt, they asked the Federals to discontinue fire. They began to
beckon a white flag. The two 1000 Indians had stood their land at