Beethoven and Tchaikovsky
Tchaikovsky have much in common, they also have many differences. Both men are famous for their orchestral compositions and their future influence on other composers. They experienced a blend of horrible failures and great successes. Although they were from different musical time periods, they both made huge contributions to the world of music. Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany 1770: the second half of the classical period. After the death of his grandfather, who was also named Ludwig vanBeethoven, the family was on a downward slope financially.
As far as physical appearances are concerned, young Beethoven looked much like his grandfather. Beethoven was forced to leave school at the age of eleven in order to support his family. He became an assistant court organist to Christian Gotten Neff, through whom Beethoven had his first composition, Nine Variations on a March by Dressier. After seeing Beethoven’s musical progress the arch-bishop Macmillan Francis sent him to study with Wolfgang A. Mozart In Vienna. While Beethoven was studying withMozart his mother died and he traveled back to Bonn where he continued to serve as a court musicals. Joseph Haydn, another accomplished musician, offered to take Beethoven as a student.
Beethoven accepted and moved back to Vienna where he continued to live for the remainder of his life. The works that he composed in Vienna were happily accepted by the people. Beethoven wrote to his brother saying, “Things are going well with me, thoroughly well. My art wins friends and consideration for me; and what more can I ask? ” (Chapel 378). The community loved his piano virtuosity ND improvisational skills.Soon Heyday’s lessons were proving useless to Beethoven and he began to see other instructors in private. His first public appearance in 1795 was a landmark in his career.
He performed a concerto by Mozart and a concerto of his own. Over the following three years Beethoven went on an international tour to Prague and Berlin. Around 1 800 Beethoven began to realize that his hearing was coming to an end. He was gradually becoming deaf and according to doctors, there was no way to reverse the Issue. The early period of the deafness did not have much of an impact on his life. He continued to perform in public and private.However as the disability worsened, Beethoven became tremendously depressed and lost all hope.
Beethoven approached Johann Envenom Male, a mechanic who invented various objects, in the hope that Male could construct a hearing device for him. Male did have a “hearing trumpet”, as they were called, and Beethoven made use of it until his hearing was beyond what the hearing-aid could do to help. In a letter to his brothers, Carl and Johann Beethoven, we see that Beethoven pondered suicide and sought isolation. The following are excerpts from Beethoven’s letter, Hellishness’s Testament”.But what a humiliation for me when someone standing next to me heard a flute In the distance and I heard nothing, or someone standing next to me heard a shepherd singing and again I heard nothing. Such Incidents drove me almost to despair; a little more of that and I would have ended my life. Beethoven’s despair is understandable.
To be so gifted and attuned to the music of of music and art is what some believe kept Beethoven alive and hopeful throughout his stages of melancholy. So the fervent hope of catching one more strain, one more perfect chord kept him alive.This can be proven by another portion of his letter. It was only my art that held me back. Oh, it seemed to me impossible to leave the world until I had forth all that I felt was Nothing me. So I endured this wretched existence, truly wretched for so susceptible a body, which can be thrown by a sudden change from the best condition to the worst. Patience, they say, is what I must now choose for my guide, and I have done so – I hope my determination will remain firm to endure until it pleases the inexorable Pearce to break the thread.
Perhaps I shall get better, perhaps not; I am ready. 19 is the year in which his hearing was thoroughly depleted. He could no longer play the piano virtuously and had to communicate by text. As a result, he spent a majority of his time composing. Beethoven would sketch out his compositions in a book. These books have been maintained and it is evident that he would work on several pieces at once. During this time, his compositions ranged from simple melodies to more elaborate and edited works.
In 1804 Beethoven completed his Third Symphony. This piece was originally a tribute to Napoleon Bonaparte, but when Beethoven found thatNapoleon was proclaimed an emperor he deleted the dedication. At this point in his life, Beethoven seriously considered marriage. His first love was for a woman named Giggliest Guardia. When this relationship eventually broke, he sought the hand of ultimate’s cousin, Josephine. The bond between them broke and the engagement was ended. Beethoven’s final attempt with a woman was with his doctor’s daughter, There’s Militia.
As is expected, this relationship also failed and Beethoven reached the final part of his life as a bachelor. The rate and quality of his compositions slowed ND he became more and more isolated.Another depressing and negative event in Beethoven’s life took place in 1815. His brother died. Spar Anton Carl left behind a son and a widow and instructed Beethoven to assist in the raising of the son, Karl. Over the next several years Beethoven and his nephew had many arguments. Consequently, in 1826 Karl unsuccessfully committed suicide and Beethoven sent the recovering boy to into a military career.
These dealings heavily affected Beethoven and are thought by scholars to have contributed to his death. While traveling to Vienna he caught pneumonia.He died on March 26, 1827, due to cirrhosis of the liver. Peter Illicit Tchaikovsky did not begin his musical career at a young age, asides from a few piano lessons; he was pointed in the direction of civil study by his parents. He was sent to the Imperial School of Jurisprudence in SST. Petersburg where he was a successful pupil and was inspired by operatic singing. Tchaikovsky passion for Italian music was fueled by works like Mozart Don Giovanni and other Italian operas.
He became a student at the newly opened SST. Petersburg Conservatory and spent three years there studying music composition.It was not until he was 25 years old that his first piece, Characteristic Dances, was performed for an audience. He met Belgian woman, Dsire ArtГ¶t, who became his fiancee in 1868. They never became married and the engagement broke off. Tchaikovsky graduated and moved to Moscow teaching at the Russian Musical Society and the only reason he was able to keep the lob was with the help of his friend and director, Nikolas Rubberiest. Tchaikovsky first opera and symphony were composed while he was employed at the Society.
He left Russia and traveled to Europe where a year later he completed a fantasia calledFrancesca dad Riming. In that same year he also composed the Swan Lake. However, due to bad choreography the ballad was a failure and eliminated from standard repertoire. Over the following years he and his compositions became more popular and well known. As with Beethoven, Tchaikovsky private life did not thrive. It was as if all of their passion was tied to the music that inhabited their psyches; little was left for mere mortal entanglements. In 1877 he became involved with another relationship, this time to a younger girl named Antonio Minimally.
Due to their preferences and Tchaikovsky homosexual tendencies, the marriage was ended in disaster. Two weeks into the marriage he fled from his wife and, like Beethoven, contemplated suicide. It was at about this same time that his professional life took a positive turn. Tchaikovsky made contact with a wealthy widow, Maddened von Neck, “ho admired his work. Over the course of fifteen or so years she gave Tchaikovsky a monthly allowance that permitted him to resign from his work at the conservatory. It Nas due to this benefactor that his musical creativity thrived during this time and composing music became his sole commitment.Most of his famous masterpieces like Symphony No.
4 in F Minor and the 1812 Overture were written during this time period. Tchaikovsky eventually settled down in the outskirts of Moscow. He lived in a small country house where he led peaceful existence. He composed, practiced piano, meandered through the forest, and enjoyed the evenings with his friends. Architraves had a fear of conducting and did not over come that fear until the debut of his opera Escherichia, in 1887. His first tour as a conductor was to Europe. In Florence, he worked hard on one of his greatest operas called The Queen of Spades.
E year of 1891 marks a great honor for Tchaikovsky. He was offered to conduct at the opening of Carnegie Hall in the United Sates. While he was touring in the United States, he conducted in cities like New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. After conducting his last symphony in SST. Petersburg, Symphony No. 6 in B Minor pathtoque), Tchaikovsky was struck by cholera. He became extremely ill, and although the doctors attempted all means to save his life, he died a few days later as result of the disease.
There have been many undocumented reports about architrave’s death.Some rumors say that he was poisoned and some say that he made himself ill, I personally believe that his death was a result of the disease. Beethoven composed music for more than Just mere entertainment. Some of his compositions were commissioned, some were inspired by woman, some were composed because he was bored, and some were composed to convey his inner emotions. Beethoven appeared to be highly fascinated with exact tempo markings of piece. Exact tempo markings were a rare addition to compositions and during dovecote’s life were not yet common or present.While Beethoven was making visits o Johann Mammal’s shop with regards to the hearing aid, the two men also discussed a machine that could indicate exact tempo.
This machine, the nemesis of all novice musicians, is now known as a metronome. In 1816, Male successfully perfected the fascinated by this invention and began to put precise tempo markings in his compositions. One piece that he includes the tempo markings for is his Piano Sonata in a-flat Pop. 106. In 1819, Beethoven wrote a letter to Ferdinand Rises with the original metronome tempo indications for the piano sonata.He felt that specific tempo markings could bring on the success for a new composition. In another letter to Hoofer von Moses in the year 1817, Beethoven speculates aborting tempo indications such as allegro, andante, largo, etc.
.. While I agree with Beethoven and his stance on tempo indications, I feel that it is ultimately the composer’s choice as to whether or not he/she uses specific tempo markings. I also sense that Beethoven would not want style or expression markings eliminated. For example, in Beethoven’s Symphony No. The first movement is labeled Allegro con brio (allegro with vigor). The title of the movement can provide the conductor and performers with a general idea on how to lay the piece; in this case the movement should be performed with vigor and Intensity.
It is evident that Beethoven felt tempo to be an imperative part of music composition. One of his most famous works is Symphony No. 5. Like most typical symphonies it contains four movements and is written for full orchestra. architrave’s most admired piece is the Nutcracker ballet.The ballet has two acts and three scenes and is especially famous during the Christmas season. In 1891, Ivan Speleologist requested that the reluctant Tchaikovsky write the ballet.
Tchaikovsky unwillingly accepted and finished the ballet in 1892. Over the years, the Nutcracker ballet has been re-arranged into Jazz songs, rock songs, and has even been used in advertising commercials. Music from this ballet is instantly recognizable to members of many generations, proving the impact that Tchaikovsky was able to have on the music world.Another major composition by Tchaikovsky is the 1812 Overture. This piece was written in honor of the Fresh’s defeat by Russia at the Battle of Brooding in 1812. This overture is standard literature for orchestras across the world, and has been transcribed for many different levels of wind ensembles. No fire-works show North watching would be complete without this played during the finale.
I think it is interesting that Tchaikovsky inserted sixteen cannon shots to the score. This adds a different color to the piece, as well as variety.Overall, both composers had equally hard lives. Beethoven had issues with deteriorating and debilitating health issues that would have broken most men. His attempts at permanence and normality in his private life met with failure. Architraves had trouble with woman and struggled with his sexual orientation. Although Beethoven composed during the classical time period and Tchaikovsky imposed during the romantic time period, there were some similarities with their general writing styles.
Both composers wrote symphonies, ballets, and concertos. Checkbooks composed several more symphonies than Beethoven; Beethoven only completed nine and was in the process of completing his tenth when he died. Likewise, Beethoven composed many more concertos in his lifetime than Tchaikovsky did. I myself enjoy Beethoven’s music much more than I enjoy Tchaikovsky. The music of Beethoven evokes more feeling when I listen; leading me to feel that it was composed with more emotion. His pieces always stand out among others. On the other hand, one of my favorite classical works is the 1812 Overture.
I find that the cannon shots.These two composers are my personal favorites when it comes to classical music. They both agonized over public acceptance and wrestled with their private demons and insecurities. However, the fire and passion for music that they both shared compelled them forward and their seemingly broken lives produced masterpieces. Perhaps genius and creative excellence can only come from those that seem to skate on the edge of madness. Complacency and contentment may dull the knees and render the psyche unable to produce the kind of art that speaks to the soul of mankind.