Bipolar Disorder 5 Essay Research Paper Bipolar

Bipolar Disorder 5 Essay, Research Paper

Bipolar Disorder


Bipolar upset is a psychological upset characterised by change between provinces of deep depression and utmost elation.


It is thought that 1 % & # 8211 ; 1.5 % of the population could endure from bipolar upset. This effects adult male and adult females every bit but adult females are three times more likely to see rapid cycling. The upset can consequence all age groups. The first symptoms may happen in kids or adolescents. Bipolar upset in kids is frequently misdiagnosed as it is frequently confused with attending shortage hyperactivity upset.


Bipolar upsets are caused at lest, in portion by biochemical instabilities in the encephalon. There is besides grounds that bipolar upset frequently occurs within households.

Terminal unwellnesss such as AIDS and Huntington s disease may take to bipolar upset. The complete utilizations of steroids can besides do bipolar upset.

Clinical Features:

There are two outstanding periods in bipolar upset, depression and passion.

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In the depression period the individual mat became really sad, have trouble acquiring to kip but want to kip most of the clip, they may hold a loss of appetency and hence loose weight or they may hold an additions in appetency and hence derive a batch of weight. These people may besides see a loss of energy, hides of guilt and ineptitude or hopeless. & # 8220 ; They may pessimistic or hopeless about the hereafter and may believe about or try suicide. & # 8221 ; ( Encarta & # 8216 ; 99 ) during periods of terrible depression, some people may see psychotic beliefs and/or hallucinations.

During the frenzied period of bipolar upset people may hold feelings of intense but inappropriate felicity and ego. They may go cranky and over energetic causation wakefulness, rushing ideas and rapid address. They besides have feelings of hyperbolic ego regard and became over confident and have psychotic beliefs of magnificence. These people became impatient and scratchy, and easy frustrated and physically opprobrious. Their actio

Ns are frequently socially inappropriate. These people frequently think irrationally and have impaired opinion, this can take to self destructive behaviors such as gaming, passing lost of money, utilizing and mistreating intoxicant and other drugs, and besides arousing both physical and verbal battles.


Lithium carbonate is the drug of pick used to command both depression and passion in people with bipolar upset. This drug takes 2-3 hebdomads to go effectual and can do sickness, increased thirst and micturition, giddiness and loss of appetency and musculus failing. Some anticonvulsant drugs may besides assist control terrible frenzied periods.

In really terrible instances elctroconvulsive therapy ( ECT ) may be affectional when used with drug therapy.

Management and Social Readjustment

Peoples with bipolar upset are managed with drug therapy both in medical attention ( infirmary ) and at place. When these people are experiencing good they sometimes stop taking their medicines and get down cycling quickly between depression and passion. This is frequently the chief ground for admittance to infirmary.

Peoples with bipolar upset maintained on their drug governments are able to work and socialise good within their communities. If they stop speaking their medicine, they withdraw from societal activities and they may hold jobs maintaining their occupations. Peoples who have been diagnosed with a mental unwellness, such as bipolar upset can go socially stray because people who do non understand their status make merriment of them and decline to tie in with them.


Aitkinson, Rita L ; Aitkinson, Richard C ; Hillgard, Ernest R ; Introduction to Psychology, Harcourt, Brace Jovanavoich, Washington. 1983.

Colhen, David B, Encarta Encyclop dia 99, Microsoft, 1998

Davidson and Neale Abnormal Psychology, John Wiley and Sons, New York. 1986.

Rubin, Zick, McNeil, Elton B, Psychology Being Human ; Harper and Row, New York, 1985

Sainsbury MJ, Key to Psychiatry, Hogbin, Poole, Printers, Redfern, Sydney, 1976.

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