Birth Control Pill

8 August 2016

Since the creation of the Birth Control Pill in the early 1960s, women have been given the freedom of being in control of their sex lives. At first, the idea of using a contraceptive was very controversial and it took years for all fifty states to legalize it, especially to married women. Once “The Pill” was legalized, it became very popular among women of all ages, all around the world. Women now had the ability to be more careful about their family planning, making the percentage of unwanted pregnancies decrease.

Although this method of family planning was so popular, there were still women that didn’t have access to it for various reasons, most commonly being the lack of funds to purchase it. Birth control should be provided to women for free from clinics such as Planned Parenthood because it will reduce unwanted pregnancies, cut down on abortions, save tax payers money and will make it so everyone, regardless of financial standing, has the option of family planning. Providing free birth control to anyone who wants it or needs it will be very beneficial for both individuals and society as a whole.

Birth Control Pill Essay Example

The free distribution of birth control will reduce unwanted pregnancies. Many women become pregnant without planning it. This happens to both teens and adults. “More than half the 6 million pregnancies that occur in the United States are unintended. . . By the time they reach menopause, two-thirds of American women have had at least one unintended pregnancy(Winikoff 197). ” Because of the large number of unwanted pregnancies, state and federal governments are beginning to take some action. Alabama is one of those states. In one year, it’s waiver program averted more than 3,000 unwanted pregnancies.

A federal program, Family PACT, was evaluated to have averted more than 205,000 pregnancies in 2002. Most of the time that teens become pregnant, it is unplanned. A large majority of teens can’t provide for themselves let alone a baby if they were to become pregnant. The main job of an average teenager is to go to school so they can live on their own at some point in their lives. Your teen years are the building blocks of your adult life. If a teen were to become pregnant, it would disrupt the rest of their lives. If the teen goes through with the pregnancy, they may not be able to finish high school, or go on to college like most of their peers.

Many adult women become pregnant without planning it as well. There are a lot of reasons why an adult would not want to become pregnant. Some women already have kids and decide they don’t want more. There are some women that wouldn’t be able to support a child if they were to become pregnant. Sometimes, there are health reasons why women don’t want to have children. In that case, they probably have a condition that passes genetically that they don’t want to give to their child. Another reason providing free birth control to everyone would be beneficial is it would cut down on the amount of abortions.

With the high percentage of unwanted pregnancies each year, there is also a high number of abortions. “. . . 38% of all those who had abortions had not used any contraception(Teens). ” Maybe if these women were given access to some kind of birth control, they wouldn’t have needed to have these abortions. Abortions are not something that should be taken lightly. “Not only are teens physically scarred by abortions, but the procedures have extremely damaging emotional effects as well, providing abortions shouldn’t be used as a form of birth control(Teens)” Abortions can be very damaging to a women both emotionally and physically.

Aborting a child causes a lot of emotional trauma for all women, both teens and adults. Aborting a pregnancy is a very difficult decision for all women to make. Even though you get an abortion in the early stages of pregnancy, women still see it as their child. Getting rid of that child before it is even given a chance at life takes a very high emotional toll on some women. After having numerous abortions, one teen stated “I cried for a week, I wasn’t in any physical pain, I just hurt inside(Teens). ” Even though she wasn’t in any physical pain, she still suffered emotionally. Multiple teens had a lot of guilt, and cried for weeks.

One teen said “. . . and I still can’t get the horrific memories out of my head (Teens). ” After having an abortion, the emotional trauma stays with these women for many years after. Abortion should not be used as a method of birth control. Along with emotional trauma, it also damages women physically. With every abortion, the chances of a women being able to become pregnant again decreases, even more so in teens. Teens still aren’f fully developed and aborting a pregnancy disrupts the development of the women’s reproductive organs. Teens that have multiple abortions will have a very hard time getting pregnant later on in life.

The most common complication after having an abortion is excessive bleeding and infection. A complication after having an abortion can increase the risk of infertility. “An infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes can cause scar tissue and adhesions to develop, making it difficult or impossible to become pregnant(Winikoff 218). ” Another benefit of providing free birth control to women who need it is the amount of money it saves the country, state and community. By averting unintended pregnancies and reducing the amount of abortions performed, the government is actually saving money.

Family planning clinics such as planned parenthood provide benefits through helping women with family planning options, and by saving the community money. The two main forms of federal funding for family planning are Title X and Medicaid. “Title X is the only federal program dedicated solely to providing family planning services to low income families(Medicaid’s). ” Title X provides women with regular check ups, including breast and cervical cancer screening, birth control, and sexually transmitted disease testing and treatment. Cutting funding for Title X would limit health care for millions of low-income families.

Family planning services save the community money because they prevent tax payers from paying taxes for things such as foster care. Reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies keeps the percentage of children without proper parents down. A lot of times when a child is a product of an unwanted pregnancy, they are born into a family that can’t provide for them. Those children then become wards of the state and become dependent on tax payers dollars. Federally funded programs greatly decrease the burden of unintended pregnancies on the rest of society. “. . .

every dollar spent in Title X saves $3. 14in Medicaid costs(Project). ” Cutting $317 million dollars would actually cost tax payers $1. 1 billion. Providing funding to family planning clinics is actually beneficial to society as a whole, not just the women being provided with services. Nearly 1 million unintended pregnancies are prevented each year by programs such as Title X. “Without contraceptive services provided by Title X supported centers, he abortion rate in Pennsylvania would be 57 percent higher, the teen pregnancy rate would be 76 percent higher(Project).

” Many strongly believe that cutting funding for Title X wouldn’t just be financially irresponsible, but it would be irresponsible for public health as well. “Medicaid is now the largest public funding source for family planning. . . (Medicaid’s). ” Medicaid provides different kinds of health care to low income families, along with family planning services. An evaluation of Medicaid’s services found that the family planning and contraceptive services aren’t just cost neutral, meaning that the money spent on family planning services are also saved in other ways, but they actually produce “…

Substantial cost savings for state and federal budgets(Medicaid’s). ” Providing birth control for free would make it so every women has the option of family planning. It wouldn’t matter what their financial standing is. With free birth control, women who don’t want to become pregnant can make the decision to protect themselves from becoming pregnant. This choice would no longer be a luxury for just the people who have the funds to purchase it. There are a lot of women that have more kids then they wanted because they didn’t have the option of birth control.

These women may not be fully equiped to take care of these children. Sometimes these kids will be aborted, given up for adoption, or even forced into foster care. Providing free birth control will cut down on all of that. Contraception can be expensive. The price of birth control can differ depending on brand, how many doses, and where its provided. The morning-after pill can cost anywhere for $35-$70. When you get the morning-after pill at a clinic such as Planned Parenthood, it usually comes included with a physical examination, a pregnancy test and the pills. The cost of regular monthly birth control ranges from $25-$45.

This depends on the brand of the pill, the number of tablets in the packet and the pharmacy that fills the prescription (Winikoff 107). ” Not all women can afford birth control which limits their family planning options. Providing free birth control is beneficial to both society and individuals in numerous ways. Providing free birth control would result in a savings for tax payers, a reduced number of unwanted pregnancies, which would cut down on the abortion rate and it would make it so that everyone, regardless of financial standing has the option to further ensure themselves against these things.

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