Black Death Essay Research Paper subject

10 October 2017

Black Death Essay, Research Paper

capable = History

rubric = The Tragedy of the Black Death

documents =


yourself entirely on a street corner, coughing up bloody mucose each clip you

exhale. You are panting for a full breath of air, but recognizing that is non

possible, you give up your battle to remain alive. You & # 8217 ; rhenium thought, why is this

go oning to me? That is how the victims of the Black Death felt. The Black

Death had many different effects on the people of the Middle Ages. To understand

the badness of this tragic epidemic you must recognize a few things about the

pestilence. You should cognize what the Black Death is, the cause of the pestilence,

the symptoms, the different effects it had on the people, and the bars

and remedies for the pestilence.

The Black Death, besides known as the Black Plague

or the Bubonic Plague, which struck in 1349, and once more in 1361-62, ravaged

all of Europe to the extent of conveying ghastly decease to many people of the

Middle Ages. The Black Death struck in 1349, and once more in 1361-62, but was

restricted merely to Europe ( Rowse 29 ) . It was a combination of bubonic, septicaemic,

and pneumonic pestilence strains ( Gottfried xiii ) that started in the E and

worked its manner West, but ne’er left its native place. One of the things that

made the plague one of the worst was that there were eruptions about every

ten old ages ( Rowse 29 ) , but still restricted to Europe. It is thought that one

3rd to one half could hold perchance died by the pestilence ( Strayer and Munro

462 ) , with some towns of a decease rate of up to 30 or 40 per centum ( Strayer and

Munro 462 ) . Very few who were infected with the pestilence really survived more

than one month after having the disease ( Strayer and Munro 462 ) . The Black

Death was an unbelievable event that effecte

vitamin D everyone on either a physical

or emotional degree, or both. The Black Death was more awful, and killed

more people than any war in history ( Strayer and Munro 462 ) . The pestilence was

so atrocious and terrorizing that people said it made all other catastrophes in

the Middle Ages seems mild when comparing it to the Black Death ( Gies 191 ) .


have been many differences over what caused the Black Death, but merely one is supported

with the most grounds. It is thought that on October of 1347, a Genovese fleet

made its manner into a seaport in northeast Sicily with a crew that had & # 8220 ; illness

cleaving to their really bones & # 8221 ; ( Gottfried xiii ) . The illness this crew had

was non brought by work forces, but the rats and fleas aboard the ship. The seaport

tried to command the illness by trying to quarantine the fleet, but it

was excessively late ( Gottfried xiii ) . Within six months of the moorage of that really

fleet, half of the part had either fled the state, or died. That fleet,

along with many other fleets along the Mediterranean Sea brought the greatest

natural catastrophe to the universe ( Gottfried xiii ) .

The infested rat, called

the black ship rat, was carried in the luggage of merchandisers on board the ships

going all over the Mediterranean ( Norwich 30 ) . They didn & # 8217 ; t cognize it, but

it was the people that really spread the disease across the land. The pestilence

spread in a great discharge across Europe, get downing in the E in the Mediterranean

Sea, and stoping up in north-west Germany ( Strayer and Munro 462 ) . It is unbelievable

that the pestilence hit Europe several times, but still no 1 understood neither

the causes nor the interventions of the epidemic ( Strayer and Munro 462 ) .


was another cause that some people strongly believed brought the disease into

their universe. Doctors at the University of Paris claimed that on March 20,

1345, at one O & # 8217 ; clock in the afternoon, a concurrence of three higher planets

Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars caused a corruptness of the environing air, which

made the air become toxicant or toxic ( Gottfried 110 ) . This is a extremely improbable

theory unless you are coming from a footing of Astrology. Another account

of the pestilence that scientists gave was environmental factors. These scientists

idea that there were many temblors that caused toxic exhausts to come from

the centre of the Earth ( Gottfried 110 ) , which, once more, brought contaminated

air for the people. Certain historiographers have wondered if the pestilence could

have been caused by overpopulation of the continent, but they are non wholly

convinced ( Hoyt and Chodorow 632 ) . Some people, perchance out of despair,

turned their force on the Jews and blamed them for the cause of the pestilence

( St

rayer and Munro 463 ) . Whatever the cause was, you could state from looking

in a individuals eyes that, & # 8221 ; above every individual hung the panic of the Black Death & # 8221 ;

( Strayer and Munro 476 ) .

Although the Black Death was one of the largest

epidemics of all time recorded, it did non hold many seeable symptoms. The existent

symptoms varied in different parts of the continent. The most ordinary symptoms

were black tumours or furuncles on your cervix, and the coughing up of blood ( Zenger ) .

One thing about coughing up blood that made the pestilence even worse, was that

when you coughed up blood, everyone in the room was susceptible to the disease

( Zenger ) . This is because when the individual coughed up the blood, the bacteriums

went airborne and infected the individual of the closest propinquity ( Zenger ) . This

allowed the pestilence to distribute more rapidly and easy.

The Black Death had

more than merely physical effects, but more extended effects over the class

of 25 old ages. Such as physical effects, societal and spiritual effects, economic

effects, agricultural and commercial effects, effects on architecture, and

effects on the hereafter.

For two coevalss after the pestilence, there was about

no addition in the population of Europe ( Strayer and Munro 462 ) , while the

remainder of the universe increased in population. After the pestilence had passed, Europe

seemed to endure from a instance of corporate shell-shock ( Strayer and Munro 463 ) ,

this made it look like all of Europe was hit by a deathly stun gun, but the

stun ne’er wore off. What scared the people, was that the Black Death killed

more people than a hostile ground forces and gave its victims no opportunity to contend back

( Strayer and Munro 462 ) .

The Black Death had many different societal and spiritual

effects on the common people of Europe. Some people dreaded the clip when

the pestilence would come, and some people merely sat back, Ate, drank, and were

merry merely as though they had ne’er heard of the pestilence ( Strayer and Munro

463 ) . Although all the people suffered, the provincials suffered the most. This

is because they lived in such insanitary conditions and had the least attention.

In many topographic points whole small towns of provincials were wiped out wholly ( Hartman

235 ) , and in less than one month.

The Black Death, along with seven other

pestilences and diseases of the Middle Ages, was considered contagious ( Durant

1002 ) . Because they were contagious, a victim of any pestilence or disease was

forbidden to come in a metropolis unless under separation ( Durant 1002 ) . Many people

really thought that the Black Death was a penalty to society because they

were wicked ( Hoyt and Chodorow 596 ) , and because they did non atone for their

wickednesss. Although the people withstood many effects, the societal effects

were certainly less dramatic ( Rowse 29 ) . For non merely were the people struck

in many ways, but they were besides astounded, terrified, and bewildered of this

close animal lurking in every topographic point they go ( Gottfried xiii ) . Some people

think that the pestilence contributed to the moral decomposition of European

society ( Strayer and Munro 462 ) .

Many people sat around and faced the fact

that they would finally be taken in by the pestilence, and some tried to make

something about it, sacredly. Many people, spiritual or non, tried to take

safety in Godly patterns. Some tried easing their scruples through & # 8220 ; exaggerated

repentances & # 8221 ; ( Strayer and Munro 463 ) , or others doubled their devotednesss and encouraged

resurgences ( Strayer and Munro ) . Varied people & # 8220 ; filled their Black Marias with intolerable

anguish about the Sorrows of Mary and the agonies of Christ, & # 8221 ; yet these

same people filled with anguish flocked to executings and tore each other apart

in their frequent civil wars ( Strayer and Munro 463 ) . Almost all people thought

they would populate through the pestilence if they gave into the rush of spiritual


Since people were deceasing left and right, it should be expected that

there would be a lessening in available labour. So now there are half as many

provincials to make the work, and the same sum of Fieldss. This amounted to excessively

much work to make, and small provincials to make the work ( Hartman 235 ) . This would

evidently non work out. Everything was being ruined, overrun, or neglected

because of this sudden, but expected deficit of workers ( Hartman 235 ) . The

provincials saw this go oning and they knew they could have something good

out of this. The labourers besides saw that they were on demand, and so they demanded

higher rewards ( Hartman 235 ) . Now that rewards rose, monetary values rose along with it

( Hoyt and Chodorow 635 ) . The mortality rate of the part non merely produced

a labour deficit, but a sudden addition in the income per capita ( Hoyt and

Chodorow 635 ) . When the pestilence had ended, half of the workers on the estates

of the Lords in England disappeared ( Hartman 235 ) .

You could see that the

Black Death shook the full agricultural and commercial construction of the West

( Graies 226 ) . The lessening of building in the fourteenth century could be seen

along with the cathedrals started in the 12th and 13th centuries and ne’er

finished because of the pestilence ( Durant 894 ) .

The effects on the hereafter were

non every bit bad as the effects the fourteenth century people experienced. The European

population steadily declined after 1350 for the following century ( Gottfried xiii ) .

It is said that & # 8220 ; chronic depopulation characterized the 14th and 15th centuries & # 8221 ;

( Gottfried xiii ) . In 1351, it was calculated that the entire figure of dead

in Europe was about 23, 840,000 people ( Gottfried xiii ) . That is a

great lessening sing that there were an estimated 75,000,000 people populating

in Europe before the Black Death struck ( Gottfried xiii ) .

There were about

no known bars or remedies for the Black Death except a few thoughts that don & # 8217 ; T

ever aid or wear & # 8217 ; t aid at all. Some physicians instructed the sick to remain

by fires and to imbibe every bit much as possible ( Zenger ) . One thing that kept the

disease from distributing more quickly was maintaining anyone infected with a disease

out of the metropoliss ( Durant 1002 ) . After the pestilence had become highly serious,

the town & # 8217 ; s people exterminated the old black ship rat that carried the disease

( Rowse 29 ) . This was there last effort at acquiring their old lives back, but

it was excessively late for that.

Aren & # 8217 ; t you glad we are populating in the twentieth century,

and non the fourteenth century! ? The Black Death surely had one of the greatest

effects on the universe in all countries, and was besides one of the greatest alterations

for the people of the Middle Ages. If we want alteration in our lives, does it

ever have to be the bad things that bring us back into world? I should

hope non. It seems that bad or cheerless state of affairss give us a appreciation on what

is truly of import in our day-to-day lives, and that is what we all need.



Will. The Age of Faith. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1950.

Graies, Joseph

and Frances. Life in a Medieval City. New York: Harper and Row, 1969.


Robert. The Black Death. New York: The Free Press, 1983.

Hartman, Gertrude.

Medieval Days and Ways. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1961.

Hoyt, Robert

and Stanley Chodorow. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: Harcourt Brace

Javanovich, Inc. , 1976.

Norwich, John. Britain & # 8217 ; s Heritage. New York: The

Continuum Publishing Company, 1983.

Rowse, A.L.. The Story of Britain. Great

Britain: British Heritage Press, 1979.

Strayer, Joseph and Dana Munro. The

Middle Ages. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc. , 1959.

Zenger. The

Black Death. California: Timeline Series, 1989.

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