Blacks In Baseball Essay Research Paper Jackie
Blacks In Baseball Essay, Research Paper
Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson was one of the best participants that proffesional baseball has of all time
seen and greatly helped major conference baseball accept African American participants that otherwise
would non hold palyed.
Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia ( Hill 1 ) . Jackie & # 8217 ; s
gramps was a slave and his male parent a sharecrop farmer ( 1 ) . His ma and pa got a divorce when
Jackie was merely a babe ( 1 ) . He, his female parent and four siblings moved after his parents got a divorce
( 1 ) . His female parent took all the kids and moved to Pasedena, California ( 1 ) .
Not long after the household moved to Pasedena, Jackie & # 8217 ; s female parent enrolled him into Pasedena Junior
College ( & # 8221 ; Robinson, Jackie & # 8221 ; ) . He went on to University of California at Los Angeles ( UCLA ) ( 1 ) .
Jackie was a standout in school athleticss at UCLA, he played football, baseball, hoops, and path
( 1 ) . He subsequently left college in the center of his junior twelvemonth to fall in the Army in 1941 ( 1 ) . Four old ages
after come ining the Army Jackie was discharged because of a confrentation with another officer when
he would non give up his place on a military coach ( 1 ) . He was discharged as a first Lieutenant ( 1 ) .
After go forthing the Army Jackie wanted to play baseball, his favourite athletics. He tried out for many
squads and was drafted by the Kansas City Monarchs Negro League Team ( Hill 1 ) . The Negro
League agenda was really tuff. The squad was ever on the route playing games. Jackie did non like
the life manner of being on the Monarchs ( & # 8221 ; Robinson, Jackie & # 8221 ; ) . He and his teammates would hold to
defy the racial tensenesss everyplace they went ( Ward, Burns 285 ) . While Jackie was playing in
the Negro Leagues, Branch Rickey, the Los Angeles Dodgers director was in secret directing out
lookouts to look at Jackie and other participants in the Negro leagues that stood out above the remainder fo their
baseball endowment ( Hill 1 ) . Rickey made the alibi to the lookouts that he wanted to set together an all
black baseball squad called the & # 8220 ; Brown Dodgers & # 8221 ; ( 2 ) . He was truly looking for the right black
participant that would interrupt the colour barrier in professional baseball ( 1 ) . Rickey looked at all his
options and he chose Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs ( 1 ) . He chose Jackie because
of his accomplishments in baseball and his bravery ( 1 ) .
Branch and Jackie met on August 28, 1945 to discourse his sign language to the LA Dodgers ( 1 ) . The
meeting was really of import because rickey wanted to do certain Robinson would non revenge
against the racialist remarks that he will be confronting if he was moved up to the LA Dodgers ( 2 ) .
Rickey sent Robinson to the semi-professional squad the Dodgers had, the Montreal Royals
( & # 8221 ; Robinson, Jackie & # 8221 ; ) . While Robinson was with the Royals, he was he was an athletic standout with
a batch of endowment for playing professional baseball ( Hill 1 ) . He enjoyed playing on the Montreal Royals
because race was non truly an issue in Canada and he was really popular all over the state
( & # 8221 ; Robinson, Jackie & # 8221 ; ) . He led the Royals to the minor conference title ( Rydell 86 ) .
The following season Robinson got moved up to the Los Angeles Dodgers professional squad tardily in
spring preparation, merely five yearss before the Dodgers first game ( 86 ) . This gave the critics non much clip
to respond to the new participant in the conference ( 86 ) . On April 15, 1947 Jackie became the first black
participant to play major conference baseball in the United States ( 87 ) . Robinson & # 8217 ; s traveling to the squad
caused national indignation between managers, squads, and fans ( 87 ) . His new teammates signed a
request to acquire him off the squad merely because he was black ( Ward, Burns 283 ) . The general
directors and caput managers of the Dodgers including Branch Rickey and Pee Wee Reese kept him
on the squad and encouraged him to remain and disregard the racial slurs and name naming ( Ward, Burns
283 ) . Other squads tried to boycott, but it did non work ( Rydell 86 ) . Robinsons first games were the
hardest ( 86 ) . He had many decease menaces made against him ( & # 8221 ; Robinson, Jackie & # 8221 ; ) . The hotels that
Robinson went to with the squad would non function him because inkinesss were non allowed ( & # 8221 ; Robinson,
Jackie & # 8221 ; ) . Even though he would non acquire served at eating houses and hotels, he ever kept his
composier and ne’er lost his pique ( Ward, Burns 283 ) . Robinson was ever called names but he
merely ignored them and took a non-violent attack to the state of affairs ( & # 8221 ; Robinson, Jackie ) .
After many games Robinson started winning the regard of his fellow teammates, other squads, and
fans by non contending back ( Rydell 86 ) . Not merely was Robinson the lone black participant in the major
conferences, but he was besides one of the best. Stadiums filled with record Numberss of fans came to watch
him play baseball ( Hill 2 ) . By the terminal of his first twelvemonth, he was a major conference ace ( 1 ) .
Robinson led T
he majors in stolen bases and was 2nd in scored tallies ( 1 ) . He was voted Rookie
of the Year for the 1948 season ( 2 ) .
Robinson had a really successful baseball calling. He proved all of his critics incorrect, they said Rickey
merely wanted him because he was black and non how good he could play baseball ( Rydell 87 ) . He
proved his critics wrong the really first game he played with the LA Dodgers ( 87 ) . He had four hits,
including one homerun and two stolen bases ( 87 ) . After his dramatic first game Robinson started
acquiring decease menaces, but ignored them and he kept on playing ( Hill 1 ) .
After taking a successful calling in baseball Robinson retired from the game in 1957 ( Ward, Burns
289 ) . The LA Dodgers besides retired his figure ( Ward, Burns 289 ) . He opened a concatenation of
eating houses in New York and moved on to persue another dream, to assist other black people
become successful like he did ( Hill 2 ) . He foremost joined the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People ( NAACP ) and was on the board of managers ( Ward, Burns 289 ) . In 1963 he
started acquiring involved with the civil rights motion ( Enders 1 ) . Robinson teamed up with Martin
Luther King Jr. and went to Birmingham, Alabama to talk out against racism. King and Robinson
went to many assemblages around the Birmingham country to talk out against racism ( Enders 1 ) . The
two had a really difficult clip acquiring people together to talk to them because of all the force that
was go oning as a consequence of the racialist South and the black motion ( Enders 2 ) . In 1963, while
Robinson and King were traveling from church to church talking they learned that an NAACP officer
Medgar Evers was murdered ( 2 ) . Shortly after the slaying Robinson sent a missive to President John
F. Kennedy inquiring him to give Martin Luther King secret service protection ( 3 ) . Kennedy gave
them the protection and subsequently on August 28, 1963 Robinson took his household to see Martin Luther
Kings celebrated & # 8220 ; I have a dream & # 8221 ; address ( 3 ) .
Subsequently in 1964, the Governor of New York and Republican presidential campaigner Nelson
Rockefeller asked Robinson if he wanted to be one of his run managers ( 3 ) . He worked on
the run for a short piece until Rockefeller lost Barry Goldwater ( 3 ) . In 1967 while Robinson
was acquiring angry with the NAACP and he resigned because he thought they were non extremist
plenty to take charge of the motion ( 3 ) .
While Robinson was still really defeated and non satisfied with the manner things were traveling, he got a
call from Hubert Humphery. He was a presidential campaigner from Minnesota. Humphery asked
Robinson to run along side him and give addresss about the black rights motion. But
Humphery lost to Richard Nixon ( 3 ) . One ground why the two campaigners that Robinson went with
ended up losing was because America still did non like politicians that helped black people and that
went along with their positions ( 4 ) . After the elections clip was have oning down Robinson and he went
back place to populate with his household ( 4 ) . At his old age Robinson had endured a batch of hurting. Many of
the close friends he had and household members had died including, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther
King and Malcom X who were all assassinated. Besides his female parent Mallie, Branch Rickey, and his boy
Jackie Junior who died in a auto accident at the age of 24 ( Hill 2 ) . Near the terminal his life, Robinson
was invited to throw the first pitch of the 1972 World Series. He died of a bosom onslaught ten yearss
subsequently at the age of 53 ( 2 ) .
Jackie Robinson was a great baseball participant and an every bit great civil rights leader. Although he
ne’er got to see the integrating of black people in the United States, his attempts helped a batch of
people. He was one of the great American heroes and is an American fable. His bravery gave the
strength to other black jocks to persue their dreams.
& # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8211 ; Outline
Thesis Statement Jackie Robinson was one of the best participants that professional baseball has of all time
seen and greatly helped major conference baseball accept African American participants that otherwise
would non hold played.
I. Early Years A. History 1. School 2. Background B.Family 1.Five Siblings 2. Son of a Share
II.School A.College 1. Pasadena Junior College 2. UCLA B.School Sports 1. Baseball favourite 2.
Excelled in four athleticss
III. Baseball A.Semi Pros 1. Monarchs 2. Royals B. Pros 1. LA Dodgers 2. Retirement
IV.Civil Rights A. Civil Movement 1. Martin Luther King 2. Birmingham, Alabama B. NAACP 1.
On board of managers 2. Resigned
V. Later Years A. Diseases 1. Diabetes 2. Heart Problems B.Deaths of loved 1s 1. three friends
assassinated 2. Family members & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; & # 8211 ;
& # 8220 ; Robinson, Jackie & # 8221 ; Computer Software. Encarta. Microsoft Corporation, 1996. IBM