Bloody Mary Essay Research Paper In his

9 September 2017

Bloody Mary Essay, Research Paper

In his book, W.F.M. Prescott makes it rather clear that Mary I has come down in history with the unpleasant name of & # 8220 ; Bloody Mary & # 8221 ; because of the spiritual persecutions of her reign. Besides called Mary Tudor ( well-evidenced by the book & # 8217 ; s rubric ) , she was the girl of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. I must ass that Prescott does a bit more to honour Mary and begins good in portion by composing how one of her first benevolent & # 8221 ; precedences was the return of the ceremonials and physical beauties of the old religion.

I learned from the book that old ages before the first parliament of the reign overturned all the Edwardian spiritual statute law, white-washed churches, decorated merely with the royal weaponries and biblical texts, were ( seemingly for the first clip in rather a piece & # 8211 ; ) flooded with colour and motion as & # 8220 ; communion tables, statues and painted Windowss were replaced, and emanations and ceremonials restored ; some of the confiscated church home base was turned round every bit shortly as it reached the royal

caissons, and restored to the churches and chapels from which

it had come. & # 8221 ; And yes so & # 8211 ; Mary & # 8217 ; s first Acts of the Apostless were all seemingly rather good-willed. In conformity with the Articles of March 1554, which ordered observation of & # 8216 ; all mode of emanations & # 8217 ; and & # 8216 ; commendable and honest ceremonials & # 8217 ; , Palm

Sunday in London was marked by & # 8216 ; bearing of thenar & # 8217 ; , and Good

Friday by & # 8216 ; crawling to the cross & # 8230 ; with the deep visible radiations

and the Resurrection on Easter Day & # 8217 ; . Soon, day of remembrances

such as St Catherine & # 8217 ; s Day and St Andrew & # 8217 ; s Day were being observed with great sedateness, and trade emanations, Corpus

Christi dramas and the old traditions forbidden by Protestants, such as May games and Morris dance, re-appeared. Prescott writes how during the summer of 1554, when Mary & # 8217 ; s matrimony to Philip of Spain was solemnized at Winchester, the church outside and the choir were lavishly hung with tapestries and fabric of gold, and the queen & # 8217 ; s chapel joined the Winchester choir in & # 8217 ; such sweet proportion of music and harmoniousness as & # 8230 ; was ne’er earlier heard or invented. & # 8217 ; By the clip of the formal rapprochement with Rome in November 1554, it would look that the impressiveness of polyphonic music and the old high soprano manner were to be heard one time more in many cathedrals and in the Chapel Royal, where the choir was on occasion supplemented by Philip & # 8217 ; s Low Country choristers, the & # 8220 ; capilla flamenca. & # 8221 ; In one of the

more artistic subdivisions of the book, Prescott describes how

variety meats, silenced by reformists such as Holgate at York and

Ridley in London, were tuned and restored & # 8212 ; that in the

Chapel Royal was in usage by September 1553 & # 8212 ; and song-books

written out once more. The demand of the reformists of the

old reign for musical scenes which did non befog

the words of the verification had created some troubles

for church instrumentalists, while composers such as Thomas Tallis

and John Sheppard seem to hold relaxed in the more congenial

ambiance of Marian England, bring forthing assorted pieces with

particular accent on the word & # 8216 ; Maria & # 8217 ; in testimonial to the queen. & # 8212 ; At this, I can non assist but resist somewhat & # 8211 ; inquiring about the support that person so crudely remembered might hold one time received & # 8230 ; It was ; of class, non possible to reconstruct the church to its former glorification overnight, and the governments concentrated their attempts consequently on bettering the visual aspect of cathedrals and parish churches. They were particularly determined that rood-screens should be re-erected and that the frequenter saint of single churches should be adequately represented. While some shrines were restored & # 8212 ; for

case, Prescott offers in the book that of Edward the onfessor was set up once more at Westminster in March 1557, with & # 8216 ; a hundred

visible radiations & # 8217 ; & # 8212 ; no great official attempt was made to resuscitate topographic points of pilgrim’s journey. Equally, although a few monasteries were restored, Prescott & # 8217 ; s book does do it clear that neither Mary nor the church governments appear to hold given them really high precedence: merely the return of the Benedictines to Westminster, where the installing of the new archimandrite, John Feckenham, in November 1556, was marked by legion ceremonials & # 8216 ; after the old manner & # 8217 ; , received much promotion. In retrospect, I realize that this is non truly that surprising since monasticism had a bad repute likely from as far back as the yearss of Erasmus, while Thomas Cromwell & # 8217 ; s propaganda attempts in the 1530 & # 8217 ; s had doubtless increased English misgiving of what Prescott refers to as & # 8216 ; baldpated abbots & # 8217 ; . In any instance, neither shrines nor

monasteries were normally the consequence of & # 8216 ; of

ficial’ backing,

depending instead upon the inspiration of private persons.

Similarly, no conjunct functionary attempt seems to hold been made to reconstruct the fraternal groups, or & # 8220 ; lay associations & # 8221 ; supplying members with a good funeral and regular multitudes for their psyches, which had been so characteristic of late medieval English Catholicism. Harmonizing to Prescott, this depended upon private enterprise. One or two associations, like the Holy Ghost club and confraternity at Guildford, were so refounded, while others, such as the Jesus Guild at St Paul & # 8217 ; s, were restored in a different signifier. But there was no great haste to animate such establishments, because in Prescott & # 8217 ; s sentiment & # 8211 ; two decennaries & # 8217 ; experience of province arrogation of church belongings had produced great chariness amongst the temporalty. Prescott tells in his book that the queen, like all Henry VIII & # 8217 ; s knowing kids, had been brought up to esteem acquisition, and she showed in her legion gifts to the church & # 8212 ; she was the lone Tudor after Henry VII non to work the church for the benefit of the royal caissons & # 8212 ; that what she cared approximately was the quality, and peculiarly the rational quality, of her clergy. In add-on to reconstructing the traditional dues, the & # 8216 ; first fruits & # 8217 ; and & # 8216 ; tenths & # 8217 ; to the church, and belongingss to the sees of York,

Bath and Wells, and Gloucester, Mary besides forgave many dioceses the debts that they owed in revenue enhancement. She was generous to both the universities during her life-time, and left in her will the significant amount of pounds1,000 for hapless bookmans. In taking bishops, the queen seems to hold intentionally avoided work forces of chiefly administrative or political experience, looking alternatively for those with a strong academic background or considerable pastoral experience. So Robert Aldrich, Bishop of Carlisle, was a former student of Erasmus, William Glyn, Bishop of Bangor, had been Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity in Cambridge until he was driven into expatriate by the Edwardian

reforms, while another Edwardian expatriate, Ralph Baines, who was appointed to Coventry and Lichfield, had been Professor of Hebrew in Paris. But as Prescott writes, these were non merely academic people, they were besides work forces of determination and energy: so it is dry that we have so much grounds about the stuff and moral failings of the Marian church merely because the

Marian bishops were so sedulous in their trials. The

most populated countries of Lancashire, for illustration, were

visited in Mary & # 8217 ; s reign with a much greater frequence than

they were in the reigns of Edward and Elizabeth. Bishop

Bonner carried out a trial of the bishopric of London

between September 1554 and October 1555, the bishopric of Bath

and Wells was visited twice, that of Chester three times.

Ecclesiastical tribunals revived ; in the bishopric of Norwich,

for case, in which there had been merely one prosecution

for barratry in the whole period between 1519 and 1553,

19 instances were heard in Mary & # 8217 ; s reign. Harmonizing to W.F.M. Prescott, the tribunal of Chester heard 43 varied instances between 1547 and 1550, and 133 between 1555 and 1558. From the book I learned that the most important of these academic and energetic bishops was the queen & # 8217 ; s cousin, Reginald Pole. Pole & # 8217 ; s thoughts had been profoundly influenced by the long old ages that he had spent as an expatriate in Italy amongst a circle of confidants that included about all the outstanding & # 8216 ; advanced & # 8217 ; Catholics of the clip & # 8212 ; Gasparo Contarini, who had urged the philosophy of & # 8216 ; dual justification & # 8217 ; on the converse at Ratisbon in 1541 ; Girolamo Seripando, who repeated these statements at the first session of the Council of Trent ; the humanist poet, Marcantonio Flaminio, the baronial patronne, Vittoria Colonna, and her protege and

letter writer, Michaelangelo. Prescott tells that a figure of these early associates of Pole were later to fall foul of the church governments & # 8212 ; Giovanni Morone was arrested on a heresy charge, for illustration, while Pietro Carnesecchi, who had been a member of Pole & # 8217 ; s family at Viterbo in the early 1540 & # 8217 ; s, was really noted to hold been executed on the same charge.

A retrospective and overall appraisal of the book would clearly propose to me that the queen & # 8217 ; s chief purposes were in vain that she could win England back to the Catholic church. Despite Prescott & # 8217 ; s occasional literary/artistic & # 8220 ; fondness & # 8221 ; for her, I am convinced that Mary & # 8217 ; s regulation was worthy of the unfavorable judgment that he writes historiographers have given it. Still, nevertheless, I found the book & # 8220 ; Mary Tudor & # 8221 ; to be markedly insightful, exceptionally challenging, and conclude that it has inspired me to see further relevant survey & # 8230 ;

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