British Justification Causes Of The American Revolution
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British Justification, Causes Of The American Revolution Essay, Research Paper
A Non-Oppressive View of Things
The American Revolution should non hold happened. The British were non oppressive, oppressive swayers although the American settlements perceived them to be so. That perceptual experience led to revolution and independency.
Although Great Britain emerged winning in the Seven Years War, it left Great Britain with important debt. The British looked to America to assist it. First the British began implementing bing Torahs like the Navigation Acts, which put bounds on colonial imports and exports. To implement these Torahs better, the British passed the? Writs of Assistance? that gave functionaries warrants to seek anything or anyone suspected of smuggling, anyplace or anytime. British war vessels would even police American seaports to catch possible runners. These runners, if caught, would be tried in the freshly established Admiralty tribunals. In these tribunals, the accused had no right to test by jury, and the Judgess pocketed a per centum of the mulcts. The British viewed these tribunals as insurance to do certain smuggling stopped ; juries composed of Americans might be biased, so they were done off with.
The British besides implemented new revenue enhancements. The Sugar act of 1764 sought to cut down smuggling, which occurred partially as a consequence of the earlier Molasses Act. This gave British ownerships in the Caribbean the upper manus in sugar trade, which in the British position helped the imperium as a whole, but to Americans, and particularly the merchandisers, this put bounds on their chances. The Currency Act, passed about this clip forbade the printing of colonial currency. British merchandisers benefited because they didn? Ts have to cover with hyperbolic American currencies. The Americans felt they were at an economic disadvantage as really small sterling was go arounding throughout the settlements.
American refusal to pay revenue enhancements did non assist the British wage off the war debts, nor did it assist pay for costs of garrisoning the American settlements. Soon the Quartering Act was passed, directing the settlements to supply quarters for British soldiers. Americans found this oppressive because it meant that soldiers were placed in colonial places. In 1764 Parliament passed the Stamp Act, seting a responsibility on most printed stuffs. This was a normal revenue enhancement for the British as it had been traveling on in Britain for a long clip, and it made sense that the remainder of their imperium would pay the same revenue enhancement. This placed a load on merchandisers and the colonial elite who did most legal minutess and read the newspapers. Besides passed in the same twelvemonth was the Declaratory Act, which stated that the settlements were capable to the will of Parliament. This made a batch of sense to the British, as Parliament was their opinion organic structure ; but, to the settlements who had become used to their ain authorities during the old ages of salutory disregard, this was a direct menace to their manner of life.
Three old ages subsequently more responsibilities were imposed on the settlements through the Townshend Acts, which placed revenue enhancements on lead glass, paper, and tea. It reorgan
ized the American Customs Service, which enforced the Navigation Act, the Sugar Act, and now the Townshend Acts. The Americans responded to this in many ways, but chiefly by boycotting all British goods and by implementing a non-importation understanding. After losing much money, the British decided to revoke the Townshend responsibilities and others, except the 1 on tea ; it was retained to allow the settlers know that Parliament still had power. This was the right thing for Britain to make, as it reminded the settlements that they were in fact under British regulation.
In 1773 the Tea Act was passed giving the British East India Company the monopoly on tea in America. This act would badly take down the monetary value of tea in America, but local American merchandisers feared that if the British could command the tea trade, they would shortly command other industries. The settlers fought this by forestalling British ships from set downing in some ports, or by locking the tea off. In Boston, an incident called the Boston Tea Party happened in which crates of British tea were thrown in the seaport. This hideous act of anarchy against the British authorities, after they had done what they thought was a favour, prompted the British authorities to go through the Coercive Acts. These did many things: they closed the port of Boston until the East India Co. was paid for the lost tea ; they modified the Massachusetts charter ; and they ensured that British functionaries accused of a offense would be tried in England. The Quebec Acts were besides passed in Conjunction with the Coercive Acts. These reestablished French civil jurisprudence throughout these countries, and gave spiritual tolerance to the Roman Catholics of the country. The British did this to warn Americans farther that if they didn? T behave, they would be capable to penalty.
Throughout the eighteenth century Parliament passed many Torahs and revenue enhancements directed at the American settlements. The settlements viewed all of these as different signifiers of subjugation, and felt that the British authorities was on a mission to suppress them, in world the antonym was true. As a consequence of the immense debt Great Britain had after the Seven Years war, Britain was forced to revenue enhancement the settlements on a much larger graduated table. As the settlements didn? t even pay sufficiency to back up their ain protection, the Quartering Act was passed to salvage money. Another act that provoked much resistance throughout America was the Stamp Act, that was wholly justified in the British position ; they felt it was a just revenue enhancement as all of Great Britain paid it excessively. The American position of the British as an economic oppressor was besides false. The British felt America was every bit much a portion of the imperium as any, and felt American settlements should be capable to the same controls as the remainder of the imperium. They weren? T intentionally seeking to suppress anyone, and they weren? t oppressive swayers ; they were merely seeking to run a huge imperium, and needed all the different parts of the imperium to take an equal portion in it. They needed the Americans to pay revenue enhancements, and they needed the Americans to purchase sugar from the British East Indies, so each portion would work together to assist the imperium work as a whole.