British Royal Ceremonies
Accomplished by: Lebedeva Ekaterina
Novgorod State University. The Department of Foreign Languages.
Veliky Novgorod 2001
British people are proud of pageants and ceremonials of the national capital & # 8211 ; London. Many of them are universe celebrated and attract legion tourers from all over the universe. They include day-to-day ceremonials and annuals. Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace at 11.30 a. m. , Ceremony of the Keys at 10 p. m. in the Tower, Mounting the Guard at the Horse Guards square are most popular day-to-day ceremonials. Of those which are held yearly the oldest are the most precious are: the glorious pageantry of Parading the Color, which marks the official birthday of the Queen ( the second Saturday in June ) ; Open firing the Royal Salute to tag day of remembrances of the Queen & # 8217 ; s Accession on February 6 and her birthday on April 21 ; gap of the Courts taging the start of the Legal Year in October ; and Lord Mayor & # 8217 ; s Show on the 2nd Saturday in November, when the freshly elected Lord Mayor is driven in the beautiful guilded manager pulled by six white Equus caballuss to take the Royal Court of Justice where he takes his curse of office and becomes 2nd in importance in the City merely to the Sovereign ( Queen ) .
Parading the colour.
Parading the colour is one of the most brilliant military ceremonials in Britain and possibly in the universe. It is held yearly on the reigning sovereign & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; official & # 8221 ; birthday, which is the 2nd Saturday in June.
Queen Elizabeth II is Colonel & # 8211 ; in & # 8211 ; Chief of the Household Division of five regiments of pes Guards and two regiments of Mounted Guards. The Parading Markss the official birthday of the Queen and each twelvemonth the colour ( flag ) of one of the five regiments of Foot Guards is displayed to the music of massed sets.
The ceremonial stemmed from the demand of soldiers to acknowledge the colourss of their regiment in conflict. The Parade is complex and precise and all seven regiments of the Household division take portion, but merely one colour is trooped each twelvemonth.
Wearing the uniform of one of these regiments the Queen leaves Buckingham Palace and rides down the Promenade to the Horse Guards Parade accompanied by the crowned head & # 8217 ; s Mounted Escort from the two Household Cavalry Units & # 8211 ; the Life Guards have oning vermilion adventitias with white plumes in their helmets and the Blues and Royals in bluish adventitias with ruddy Plumes.
Precisely as the clock on the Horse Guards Building strikes 11, the Queen takes the Royal Salute. After inspecting her military personnels, the crowned head watches a show of processing to the melody of massed sets before the solemn minute when the Color is trooped by being carried along the inactive ranks of guardsmen lined up to expect the Queen. The Color is so & # 8220 ; trooped & # 8221 ; or expose before her.
Afterwards, she returns to the Palace at the caput of the Guards deputed to mount the Palace Guard. Royal Family appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to admit the fly-past of the Royal Air Forces at 1 p. m. Merely one Color is & # 8220 ; trooped & # 8221 ; yearly, that of each regiment in rigorous rotary motion. Originally it was called & # 8220 ; lodging & # 8221 ; the Color: each regiment & # 8217 ; s ain Color being laid up, to music known as a & # 8220 ; Troop & # 8221 ; .
The five regiments of Foot Guards can be identified by the plumes in their caps or bearskins, and by the spacing of the buttons on their adventitias. The Grenadier Guards have white plumes and equally spaced buttons: the Coldstreams, ruddy plumes and buttons in braces: the Scots Guards, no plumes and buttons in 3s: the Irish Guards, bluish plumes and buttons in 4s: the Welsh Guards, white & # 8211 ; and & # 8211 ; green plumes and buttons in fives. The Guards have been transporting out their responsibility of guarding the crowned head since 1660 ( the clip of the Restoration of Monarchy ) .
Changing the Guard.
The dramatic ceremonial of Changing the Guard at Buckingham Palace attracts legion witnesss from the state and tourers from different parts of the universe. The Guard is changed at 11.30 ante meridiem daily. It is formed from one of the regiments of Foot Guards. A set leads the new guard from Wellington or Chelsea barracks to the castle forecourt and after the ceremonial it leads the old guard back to their barracks.
The history of the Foot Guards goes back to 1656, when Charles II of England, during his expatriate in Holland, recruited a little body-guard, which was merged in the regiment of guards enrolled at the Restoration in 1660. On St. Valentine & # 8217 ; s Day, 1661, on Tower Hill, what had been the Lord General & # 8217 ; s Regiment of Foot Guards, formed by Oliver Cromwell in 1650, took its weaponries as an & # 8220 ; extraordinary guard & # 8221 ; for the Sovereign. Having marched from Coldstream, near Berwick & # 8211 ; upon & # 8211 ; Tweed, it acquired the rubric of the Coldstream Guards. Its slogan of nulli secundus sufficiently denoted its denial of precedency to the first Guards. The latter acquired their rubric of Grenadier Guards and their bearskin headgear & # 8211 ; subsequently adopted by the remainder of the Guards brigade & # 8211 ; by virtuousness of their licking of Napoleon & # 8217 ; s grenadier guards at Waterloo.
In 1661 the Scots Fusilier Guards became known for the first clip as the Scots Guards. In 1707 they were put on the same terms as the other two Guards regiments.
In 1900 Queen Victoria, pleased with the contending quality of the Irish regiments in the South African War, commanded the formation of the Irish Guards. In 1915 the representation nature of the brigade was rounded off by the formation of the Welsh Guards.
The Brigade of Guards serves as a personal escort to the Sovereign. When the Queen is in abode at Buckingham Palace, there is a guard of four lookouts. Merely two are on responsibility when she is off from London. When the Queen is in abode at Windsor Castle, another Changing the Guard ceremonial takes topographic point in the Quadrangle there at 10 a. m. daily.
Mounting the Guard.
Mounted Guard takes portion in another colorful ceremonial which is held at 11 a. m. on weekdays and 10 a. m. on Lord’s daies at the Horse Guards, a square confronting Whitehall. The entryway to the Horse Guards is guarded by two mounted cavalrymans who are at their stations daily from 10 a. m. to 4 p. m. The guard is formed by units of the Household Cavalry ( Mounted Guard ) & # 8211 ; the Life Guards and the Royals ( the Blues and Royals ) . When the Queen is in London, an officer, a corporal of Equus caballus, 16 cavalrymans and a cornetist on a gray Equus caballus take portion in the ceremonial. The Royals can be identified by the ruddy plumes on their helmets and by their bluish uniforms. The Life Guards wear white plumes and ruddy adventitias.
The Ceremony of the Keys.
Every dark at 9.53 p. m. the Chief Warder of the Yeomen Warders ( Beefeaters ) of the Tower of London visible radiations a candle lantern and so makes his manner towards the Bloody Tower. In the Archway his Escort expect his reaching. The Chief Warder, transporting the keys, so moves off with his Bodyguard to the West Gate, which he locks, while the Escort & # 8220 ; present weaponries & # 8221 ; . Then the Middle and Byward are locked.
The party so returns to t
he Bloody Tower Archway, and at that place they are halted by the challenge of the lookout. “Halt! ” he commands. “Who goes at that place? ” The Chief Warder replies, “The keys” . The lookout demands, “Whose keys? ” “Queen Elizabeth’s keys” , replies the Chief Warder. “Advance, Queen Elizabeth’s keys ; all’s well” , commands the lookout.
Having received permission to continue through the Archway, the party so organize up confronting the Main guard of the Tower. The order is given by the officer – in & # 8211 ; charge to & # 8220 ; Present Arms & # 8221 ; . The Chief Warder doffs his Tudor & # 8211 ; manner bonnet and calls, & # 8220 ; God preserve Queen Elizabeth & # 8221 ; . & # 8220 ; Amen & # 8221 ; , reply the Guard and Escort.
At 10 p. m. the bugler sounds the & # 8220 ; Last Post & # 8221 ; ( signal to return ) . The Chief Warder returns to the Queen & # 8217 ; s House, where the keys are given into the detention of the Resident Governor and Major.
The Ceremony of the Keys dates back 700 old ages and has taken topographic point every dark during that period, even during the blitz of London in the last war. On one peculiar dark, April 16, 1941, bomb blast disrupted the ceremonial, strike harding out members of the Escort and Yeomen Warders. Despite this, the responsibility was completed.
Merely a limited figure of visitants are admitted to the ceremonial each dark. Application to see it must be made at least 40 & # 8211 ; eight hours in progress at the Constable & # 8217 ; s office in the Tower. Visitors with the permission are admitted at 9.40 p. m. and leave at 10 p. m.
The Lord Mayor & # 8217 ; s show.
The glorious civic event known as the Lord Mayor & # 8217 ; s show is watched by many 1000s of people, who throng the streets of the City of London to see this interesting emanation and look up to its glistening pageantry. The ceremonial is the gesture of pride in the City & # 8217 ; s history and strength as a universe commercial Centre. The ceremonial seems still more bright and colourful because it is ever held on the 2nd Saturday in November when the metropolis is frequently wrapped in mist or rain.
Its beginning day of the months back more than six hundred old ages, when it began as a waterborne emanation with flowery flatboats sailing down the river Thames. Dressed in his pelt & # 8211 ; trimmed vermilion gown, a & # 8220 ; Cap Dignity & # 8221 ; , and have oning the great 5 pess long gold concatenation of office the freshly elected Lord Mayor foremost watches a cavalcade of adorned floats pass by his base at his official abode, the Mansion House. Then he steps into his aureate State Coach and takes up his place of honor at the rear of the emanation. Accompanied by the Pikemen in their half & # 8211 ; armour the Lord Mayor is driven in his Aureate manager from Guildhall, past St. Paul & # 8217 ; s Cathedral, down Fleet street to the Royal Court of Justice, where he takes his curse of office before the Lord Chief Justice. The tradition of taking curse ( & # 8220 ; declaration & # 8221 ; ) originated in 1230 during the reign of Henry III and the concluding declaration was made before the Barons of the Exchequer.
The Lord Mayor & # 8217 ; s manager, weighing 4 dozenss and pulled by six Equus caballuss was built in 1757 and was painted by the celebrated Florentine painter Giovanni Cipriani. A organic structure guard of Pikemen and Musketeers march beside the manager. Many people in the emanation wear traditional historic costumes. Each twelvemonth a subject associating to London life or history is chosen and floats decorated with tableaux on this subject precede the Lord Mayor & # 8217 ; s manager. The Lord Mayor who is besides the City & # 8217 ; s Chief Magistrate, is selected by the liverymen of the City Companies ( clubs ) . One of the most distinguished of London & # 8217 ; s Lord Mayors was Dick Whittington ( 1423 ) who held office four times. After the curse has been taken, the full emanation returns via Victoria Embankment to the original point of going.
On the following Monday flushing the Lord Mayer gives a glorious Inaugural feast at Guildhall. This has two traditions & # 8211 ; a first class of turtle soup and address from the Prime curate.
This glistening juncture is attended by many of the most outstanding people in the state and is normally televised. The Prime Minister delivers a major political address and the toast of the hosts on behalf of the pursuits is proposed by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Half the cost of the Show and Banquet is paid by the Mayor and the other half is met by the two Sheriffs. One can conceive of how high the costs are but a Lord Mayor respects such fiscal forfeits as worth while because of the prestigiousness, since in his twelvemonth of office he is 2nd in importance in the City merely to the Sovereign. The official abode of the Lord Mayor in Mansion House, which was designed in Palladian manner in the eighteenth century, but has been altered since. The Guildhall, dating from the fifteenth century is the topographic point where the Lord Mayor, Alderman and the City male parents conduct the City & # 8217 ; s personal businesss. Important feasts and ceremonial occasions are held at that place. The City has non merely its ain Mayor, but besides its ain authorities and its ain constabulary force. Even the crowned head ( Queen ) has to halt at the City & # 8217 ; s frontiers until the Lord Mayor allows entree.
Remembrance Day. ( Poppy Day )
Remembrance Day is observed throughout Britain in memorialization of the million or more British soldiers and aviators who lost their lives during the two World Wars. On that twenty-four hours, the 2nd Sunday in November, particular services are held in the churches and garlands are laid at war commemorations throughout the state and at London & # 8217 ; s Cenotaph, where a great figure of people gather to detect the two & # 8211 ; minute silence and to execute the one-year Remembrance Day ceremonial. The silence begins at the first shot of Big Ben 11 o & # 8217 ; clock, and is broken merely by the clang of distant heavy weapon and possibly by the mutter of a passing jet. Members of the Royal Family or their representatives and political leaders come frontward to put garlands at the pes of the Cenotaph. Then comes the March past the commemoration of veterans and adult females, followed by an eternal line of ordinary citizens who have come here with their personal garlands and their sad memories.
On that twenty-four hours unreal poppies, a symbol of bereavement, are traditionally sold in the streets everyplace, and people wear them in their button holes. The money collected in this manner is subsequently used to assist the work forces who had been crippled during the war and their dependents.
In the past the twenty-four hours was known as Armistice Day and was marked on the 11 of November, as that was the twenty-four hours when cease-fire ( understanding to halt military actions ) sought by German from Allies, came into force in 1918. Armistice Day was kept since 1919 & # 8211 ; 1938. Two proceedingss silence was observed throughout the British Commonwealth get downing at 11 a. m. the ceremonial lapsed during the 2nd World War, but was resumed in 1945. The undermentioned twelvemonth it was decided to detect a Remembrance Day for both World Wars. It was to be held yearly on Remembrance Sunday ( the 2nd Sunday in November ) . The most brilliant ceremonial is held at the Cenotaph in London, a memorial to those who died during the two universe wars. On Remembrance Day the ceremonial is attended by the Queen and royal household, solons and politicians, representatives of the armed forces and Commonwealth.
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