To inform my classmates of these three steps to take when responding to a medical emergency. Central Idea: When responding to a medical emergency you should take three steps- scene safety, contact emergency medical services, and start CPR. Introduction I. “Imagine that you’re at home with your family sitting around the table laughing and joking while eating Sunday dinner when all of a sudden your grandmother suffers a mild heart attack. II. Do you know how to handle this type of situation by administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation, better known as CPR.
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As a Medical Assistant, I have been certified in CPR and I will teach you what to do in a medical emergency. IV. This afternoon, I will explain to you the life saving process of scene safety, contacting emergency medical services, and administering CPR. Body I. According to the American Red Cross, the first step in an emergency is scene safety. A. The most important thing in administering First Aid is to make sure you and your victim are safe. B. If it is safe to proceed and the victim is not moving, gently shake the victim and ask if he or she is O. K.
Then, call for help. I. The second step in an emergency is to contact an emergency medical service. i. There are several ways to contact EMS. i. One way is to call 911. ii. If there is no 911 service in your area, call the police or hospital directly. iii. You can call the operator, who will contact the police or hospital for you. A. Designate one person around you to call EMS. B. If there is no one around, you must call EMS yourself. II. According to the American Heart Association the third step in an emergency is to administer CPR. A. Position the victim. i.
Move the victim into the correct position, keeping the person’s body as stable as possible. ii. Position yourself next to the victim’s shoulder. B. Check the ABC’S. i. Open the airway ii. Look, listen and feel for the victim’s breath. iii. If the victim is not breathing, give him or her two quick breaths right away. Check the pulse C. If there is no pulse, begin chest compressions immediately. i. Position your hands on the victim’s chest ii. Straighten your arms and lock your elbows so your shoulders are directly over your hands. iii. Compress the chest of the victim1-1/2 to2” iv.
Compress the chest fifteen times while counting out loud. v. Compress for one second each time. D. Repeat the cycles of breathing and chest compressions four times. i. After the four cycles, check the victim’s pulse. ii. If there is still no pulse, resume the cycles of breathing and chest compressions until the victim starts to breath or until medical professionals arrive. Conclusion I. So now, when you and your family are gathered around the table and someone suffers from a heart attack you now know the three steps in an emergency situation scene safety, contacting emergency medical service, and administering CPR.