Caring for Older People

8 August 2016

Explain ways in which health and social care workers support the independence and wellbeing of older people. M2: Assess ways in which health and social care workers support the independence and wellbeing of older people. D1: Evaluate ways in which the sectors work together to support the independence and wellbeing of older people.

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Doris has stayed connected with her friend Frieda who lives on her own independently but recently she has had a fall and she has been referred to the local authorities. P1& M2? When promoting independence and wellbeing in older people it has to be done in a way where the person feels that they are able to do what they are being asked to do and if they say that they don’t want to do it that is when the care professionals will step in a help.

But to support a person’s independence this can be done in many ways and a few ways that can be used are to not take over, so this means that if someone is able to do something like push the button on the traffic light or they are able to dress themselves without help, the care professionals will see if the person wants to do what they are being asked to do like getting themselves dressed and if they don’t this is when they will step in; but to support the independence of the person care professionals must not step when they know that someone is able to do something that they are being asked to do, this is effective and this is because it gives the person a sense of control and it gives them a sense of confidence as well as this is because if someone is being told to do something they are being told that they can do what they are being asked and they are very able to do so; this will make them believe in themselves a bit more if they feel that they are not able to do a lot of things.

But then it can also have a negative effect and this is because if someone is being asked to do something they might begin to feel that they are getting told what to do not asked and they could become angry and show aggressive behaviour although everyone will take it differently; some people might feel that they are being helped and supported so that they are able to do things for themselves whereas other might feel that they are being told what to do and they might feel under pressure to do what might be being asked of them. Depending if Frieda has damaged any bones or has an fractures she might have to have support come in and help her with her daily life and this would be applied if Frieda was getting care from professionals and she could experience the positive effects or the negatives effect of being able to do as much as she can. Another way to support the independence of a person is to encourage someone to do as much as they can for themselves, so this can be from letting a person chose the clothes they wear or from letting someone choose if they want to go out or not.

So to encourage someone the care professionals will says to the person to make their own decisions with regards to going out or they can encourage someone to choose their clothes; so care professionals will say to the person they are trying to get to choose their own clothes’ what do you want to wear today? ’ or they might say if someone says that they want the care professionals to choose they could say’ why don’t you choose their your clothes? ’ but this would be in a positive way so this would be in a positive tone of voice and they would show positive body language. This approach can be effective as it can make some people feel that they are not being controlled and that they are able to do the things they want when they want if there is care avaible if someone needs care. Also it can make people feel that they are in control of their lives and they are being helped as much as the person wants.

Also it will make people feel that they have control of the life and this can be control of money or decision making. If someone is given to the chance to make their own decisions they might begin to feel that they people are there to help them and they might even co-operate more. But this approach can also be negative and this is because someone can feel that they are having a lot of pressure put on them if they have to make a decision and it could lead to them getting stressed out and sometimes people might refuse to make a decisions if care professionals are expecting a decision from the person being asked. But as I have said before everyone takes things differently.

This would be applied as well if Frieda was getting care from careers, Frieda could experience the positive effects or she could experience the negative effects depending on how she feels after the fall. Another way to support the independence of a person it let them have control of the things they can in their lives. So this can be from letting someone control their money, letting someone choose what they want to buy when they do food shopping. Another way to support independence is to maintain the person’s dignity, so this can be done like if someone wants to a care professional to go to the toilet with them the care professional could go with them but the maintain their dignity they might not look at the person while they are using the toilet unless they need any help.

This approach can be effective because it gives people a sense of control and it gives a person a sense of having control of their life and their ageing. If someone does feel that they are in control of their life they might cooperate with care professionals more and they might even become more involved with activities and social interaction. But again this can also be taken in a negative way and this can because someone might need help with controlling things in their lives but they might not want to admit that they need help, so if they are refusing to do something like sort out their money, this could be seen a cry for help as it is a way of them non-verbally saying that they need help but they don’t want to ask for it verbally. But this is a positive effect as well as negative effect.

This will also be applied to the care that Frieda might get depending on the seriousness of the fall and if she has any injuries but she could experience the positive effects of this approach or she could experience the negative effects but this is dependent on if she wants to admit that she needs help or if she is willing to admits she needs help and do the things that she can. When supporting a person’s wellbeing care professionals can do this is many ways and these can be ensuring that someone has a balanced diet as well as a healthy diet, so this can be done by suggesting things to people when doing food shopping or if someone is in residential care they can make sure that they have a healthy meal on the menu for dinner, lunch and breakfast.

This approach can be positive because it will mean that someone is getting their 5 a day and they are having a balanced meal as well as getting the recommend amount of calories. Which this can then stop weight gain and some might be in better health if they are having a healthy balanced diet. This cannot really have a negative effect but it could as some people might not like healthy food and this could mean that they do not eat the food that they are given and then they could lose a lot of weight in a very little space of time. If Frieda was unable to cook for herself she would then have careers come in and cook for her and the careers would ensure that Frieda has a balanced and healthy diet she could either take it one way or another, but this depends if she ate healthily before the fall; if she did she would experience the positive effects and if she didn’t she would experience the negative effects. Another way professional care providers can support a person a person wellbeing is keeping people learning, so this can be done by playing memory activities as well as doing reminiscence with older people and teaching older people about new technology. This can done by arranging activities like teaching session on new technology. This can have positive effect as know a days there is a lot new technology and this is needed as skill as people might need to use the internet or a computer.

Although it can be scary as well for people and this could be a generation things as people might be used to what they know and learning about new things can be scary as it could be too complex for them understand and the person could get frustrated with themselves because they cannot understand what they are being taught. But then people might enjoy learning new skills and it keeps people mentally active. If Frieda was to get care from a career, they career would try and do activities with her as she might not be able to get out as much as she used to be able to and she could then disengage but the prevent disengagement taking place the career would do activities with her that could keep her mentally active as well as physically active.

Another way to support a person’s wellbeing is to set people goals that are achievable, this can be done by setting people goals like reading a number of books in a week or it could be that they set a goal for a person teach the care professionals something new which could be about how education was conducted when the person was in school. This can be a positive and the effects can be that the person enjoys teaching other as they might have been a teacher in the past and also they might enjoy reading new books and this could open them up to new opportunities like going to a book club and making new friends. But this can also have negative effects and these can be that a person doesn’t want to teach people and they could feel that they are being pressured to do so and this could then affect a person’s health as they might be worrying all the time about the things that they have to do.

Also someone might not be able to read but the professionals are not aware of that and they might feel disappointed in themselves and they could begin to feel worthless because they are not able to read. If Frieda was to get care from a career the career would could use this approach so that she could set goals for herself and feel proud of herself is she achieves the goals that might have been set and the goals could have been like going to a group and meeting new people. Frieda could either experience the positive effects of this approach or she could either experience the negative effects. D1? There are many ways that sectors can work together to support the wellbeing and independence of a person.

The GP and careers could work together and this is because the GP could come out the person who is being cared for or they person could go to the GP but the career could give the person the choice so that they can make their own decision and this is supporting the persons independence because they are making their own decisions, this is also supporting a person’s wellbeing because the GP can look after the person’s health and if someone is in good health they might be emotionally happy whereas if someone doesn’t have very good health they could be very miserable and unhappy and this can be because they might just give up and they might not see any point in living because they are elderly and their health is not very good. This can be a good and effective way in supporting the independence and wellbeing of a person as it can be seen to the service user that the care professionals are looking out for their health and wellbeing and that they are not there to take over that person’s life. But it could be taken in another way, so the service user could take it as they are being controlled and their life is being taken over and this can be because the person might want to arrange appointments with the GP themselves and they might not want the careers to know what is going on with them as they might see it as a invasion of privacy.

The GP and the care providers working together can have a positive outcome and this is because they will both work together to ensure that Frieda’s health is in check. The outcomes that the GP will want to is that Frieda’s health is in good shape and she and that’s she doesn’t experience huge amounts of pain as well as her having a good experience with ageing. The outcome that the care providers will be look for are that is Frieda’s health is in good shape and that she is holistically ok, so this means that they want to make sure that Frieda’s emotional wellbeing is ok, her physical welling is ok, her intellectual wellbeing is ok and that her social wellbeing is ok.

Another way professionals can work together to support the wellbeing and independence of a person could be that social services work with the care professionals that might look after someone who needs support like Frieda, they can both support the independence of Frieda by involving her with most things like letting contribute towards her support plan and letting her make them aware of what she wants help with but the professionals but also consider if that is in the best interest of her health. Also she could be involved with the support plan with regards to when she receives support. A way they could support her wellbeing is to ensure that she is happy with the care that she’s getting and making sure that care providers are not taking over too much as well as ensuring that the care professionals are encouraging Frieda to do as much as she can for herself.

They can support Frieda emotional wellbeing by making sure that her family are involved with her care plan if she wants them to be, if they are involved with her care plan she might feel happier about getting support if she does not like the idea that she needs support as she might not accept that as most elderly people want to most things for themselves as it is a pride to them and they don’t want to give up actually accept that they need help with things as they get into their older years, but this is depending on the health of an elderly person if they need help. This can be a good and effective way to support Frieda’s wellbeing and independence as it involved her as much as she can be involved which might give her a sense that she still has control of the things that she does as well as still having control of her life.

But this depends on how Frieda takes things as she might see it as an insult to her because she might think that people are trying to say that she is not able to do things for herself anymore, or she could take it in a different way and actually think that people are trying to help and that they are concerned about her health and they want to ensure her safety and wellbeing. The outcomes that social services will look to achieve are that Frieda is in a safe environment and that she is in an environment that meets her holistic needs; also that she is getting the support that she needs. The outcomes of the care providers will be to ensure that safety of Frieda and that she does not come to any harm and that is she is happy with the support she is getting. Another way that care professionals can work together to support the wellbeing and independence of Frieda is that they could work alongside a complementary therapist.

If Frieda wanted to use a complementary therapist for any pain or stresses she might be experiencing the care providers can work alongside the complementary therapist. They can support Frieda’s independence because when she has an appointment with the therapists the care providers can either take or let her make her own way there but that would be for Frieda to decide. It is also supporting her wellbeing because if the therapy is working for her she might not have so much stress and she might not be in so much pain and this is supporting her emotional wellbeing but if the therapy wasn’t working for her, she could feel sad and unhappy; but if it does work for her then she could become happier as stress could be bringing her down.

Also the care providers and therapists can work together and this could be the care providers as the therapists to teach Frieda some moves so that she could possibly do it on herself or get a friend to do it for her, instead of having to wait to see the therapist. This could be an effective way care professionals care work together as they both are making sure that a person is ok and they both don’t just target one area they target all aspects of person, so the complementary therapists is not just going to focus on the area of the body which is in pain they are going to concentrate on the whole body as there might be something else causing pain that Frieda might be experiencing.

But then it could also not work as the complementary therapist might not teach Frieda some moves as they might charge to do so and Frieda might not have the funds to do it. The outcomes that the complementary therapist will have are that the pain is gone and that she no longer experiences any more pain and they will try to find the cause of the pain to see if they can stop the pain or try their best to. Also another outcome for the therapist is that Frieda is happy with the treatment and that she attends all the treatments that she is recommended to have. The outcomes for the care providers will be that Frieda will not in be in serious amounts of pain and that she is able to manage the pain, and that they will hope for the therapy to work but that might have to be assessed by a GP.

Another way that care professionals can work together to support Frieda’s independence and wellbeing is that the care providers for Frieda can work closely with the hospital. So if Frieda has broken a bone because of the fall that she had, the hospital would then let someone know with regards to the people who care for her but her family would be the first to know. Before she comes out of the hospital someone who is resenting the care provider could meet with the doctor dealing with her and they could discuss her health and ways and what she needs to do example rest, not put a lot of pressure on the part of the body where the broken bone might be.

Also they could discuss way in which Frieda can do as much for help and will she need a walking aid to do so, an example of this can be that the doctor could say that Frieda will need a frame to get around the house as she might be unsteady and if has broken a leg bone she might become bed bound. But they can support her independence by letting her do as much as she can for herself so when she’s in hospital staff could let Frieda get to the toilets by herself if she can or they can offer their help and this supports her independence because she is being able to make how own choices. The outcomes for the hospital will be that Frieda is in good health and that she doesn’t have any serious illnesses that are not known to them like cancer. Also another outcome is that they don’t want Frieda to be in a lot of pain if she will have long term pain.

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