The Catholic Church The Church -from the Latin word “ecclesia” and from the Greek word “ek- kalein” which means convocation or assembly -It designates assembly of the people for the religious purpose. -In Christian usage, the word “church” The Church in God’s Plan -God the Father created the whole universe, and chose to raise up men to share in his own divine life. -God created the world for the sake of communion with his divine life, a communion brought about by the convocation of men in Christ and this convocation is the Church.
The Church Prepared in the Old Testament The remote preparation for this gathering together of the People of God begins when he calls Abraham and promises that he will become the father of a great people. -The Israelites was elected as the People of God which is a sign of the future gathering of all nations. The Church Instituted by Christ -Christ accomplish the Father’s plan of salvation in the fullness of time. -The Church was founded by the words and actions of Jesus Christ fulfilled by his redeeming cross and his resurrection.
The Church Revealed by the Holy Spirit -The Holy Spirit was sent on the day of Pentecost in order that he might continually anctify the Church. -By nature the Church is missionary -So that she can fulfill her mission, the Holy Spirit bestows varied hierarchic and charismatic gifts The Church-perfected in Glory -The Church will receive its perfection only in the glory of heaven at the time of Christ glorious return. -The Church is a Pilgrim Church. The Mystery of the Church -The Church is in history but at the same time she transcends it. Christ established and sustains the Church he founded to communicate truth and grace to all men. The Church at the same time: -A society structured with hierarchical organs and the mystical body of Christ -A isible society and a spiritual community -An earthly Church and the Church endowed with heavenly riches. Nuptial union ot Christ and -Christ revealed himself as the purpose of God’s plan in the Church -The Church in this world is the Sacrament of Salvation, the sign and -instrument of the communion of God men.
The Church as People of God -God is not a property of any people -One becomes a member of this people not by a physical birth but by faith in Christ and Baptism -The people has its head Jesus Christ. -Its law is the commandment of love. -Its mission is to be salt of the earth and light of the world. Its destiny is the Kingdom of God. -The whole people of God participate in the three offices of Christ namely the priestly, prophetic and royal office of Christ. The Church as the Body of Christ -The Church is in Communion of Christ who is the Head and the Bridegroom of the Church. -The people are united around the Body of Christ. There is unity in diversity of the Church of God. The Church is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic The Church is One The Church is one because of her source: The highest exemplar and source of this mystery is the Unity in the Trinity of persons in One God, the Church is one because f her founder. This One Church has been marked with great diversity. What are the bonds of unity? Charity Visible bonds of communion: profession of One faith received from the Apostles; common celebration of divine worship especially the sacraments, apostolic succession through the sacrament of Holy orders.
The Church is Holy -This is because , Christ the Son of God, who with the Father and the Spirit is hailed as holy, love the Church as his Bride, giving himself up for her so as to sanctify her. – The Church is the Holy People of God. -It is in the Church that the fullness of the means of salvation has been deposited. The Church is Catholic Catholic means “universal” Why the Church is Catholic? -The Church is Catholic because Christ is present in her