Cause and effect AID

7 July 2016

There are many factors that cause Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). First of all, HIV is caused by having sex through unprotected sex with a person who has infected by HIV. HIV may be transmitted through unprotected heterosexual or homosexual, vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The main routes of transmission are unprotected vaginal and anal sex. Besides that, one can be infected with HIV through blood transmission. Sharing needles and reusing syringes that contaminated with HIV-infected blood may cause blood transmission from one to another.

In most of the cases, this incident occurs when there is sharing and reusing needles among drug users. In addition, HIV may be transmitted if there is use of contaminated surgical instruments or equipments and blood transfusion with infected blood during medical treatment or operation. It could happen when health care workers are involved in needle prick accidents. Moreover, one of the ways to be infected with HIV is through mother-child transmission infection. This is a condition where mothers who are infected by HIV are at risk of giving the disease to their baby during pregnancy and giving birth process.

Cause and effect AID Essay Example

Besides that, HIV transmission can occur during breastfeeding by an infected mother as well which is called vertical transmission. Effects of AIDS AIDS causes damage to the human body in many ways. AIDS reduces the ability of the infected person to fight other diseases. HIV infection causes AIDS as well as a number of health problems. HIV infection affects many organs of the body, including those within the immune, gastrointestinal, mucosal, respiratory and neurological systems. First of all, HIV virus affects the immune system as the virus attacks lymphocytes called T cells.

These T cells also called as CD4 are essential for fighting disease causing germs. When CD4 T-cells are infected, the count of T cells eventually decreases in the body of patient, it becomes susceptible to infections. Besides that, HIV infection that caused AIDS also contributes to weight effects. People who infected HIV may lose muscle and fat where they are difficult to regain the weight once they lost their weight. Complete loss of appetite is also one of the symptoms which may cause rapid weight losing or diarrhea which can lead to dehydration.

AIDS wasting syndrome is one of the concern for HIV patients where they loss their 10 percent or more of their body weight. Presentation of argument The main reason that causes AIDS is through having unprotected sex. Unprotected sex is a term used to describe anal or vaginal sex without a condom. According to Health Protection Agency, most cases of HIV in the UK are caused by having sexual contact. HIV transmits through unprotected homosexual or heterosexual, vaginal, anal, or even oral sex. HIV moves from a body fluid of infected person into the body and bloodstream of their sexual partner during sexual contact.

HIV can be transmitted via delicate and absorbent mucous skin of penis, vagina, lining of rectum and sometimes mouth and throat as well. HIV infection doesn’t occur every time unprotected sex takes place. However, it could happen any time unprotected sex takes place. According to scientists, an infected person will transmit HIV to their partner once in every 900 times they have unprotected sex. Thus, the more people one has unprotected sex with, the more chances HIV infection can passes on. There are different kinds of sexual behaviours according to relative risks.

Sexual behaviours such as masturbation, kissing, touching, oral sex on a man with condom or oral sex on a woman with a barrier method may cause HIV infection at a very low risk whereas anal intercourse wand vaginal sex without a condom may cause HIV infection at high risk. It is possible to catch HIV through unprotected oral sex, but the risk is much lower. The risk of HIV transmission through oral sex will be higher if the person giving oral sex has mouth ulcers, sores or bleeding gums and/or if the person receiving oral sex has been recently infected with or another sexually transmitted infection.

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