Certification of Entitlement in Singapore Essay Sample

10 October 2017

Certificate of Entitlement
In this modern century where we are cultured in a technological-advanced environment. non many people can defy the temptation to drive a auto. Ever since 1990. if non for Singapore’s Vehicle Quota System ( VQS ) utilizing the Certification of Entitlement ( COE ) which significantly increases the cost of buying a auto. most people would hold acquired one. By so. it would be tormenting to see the degree of traffic congestion. and more badly. the ensuing C footmark. In the article by Ang ( 2012 ) [ Appendix A ] . it is observed that the monetary value of COE is increasing quickly. In August 2012. COE’s monetary value has reached its extremum. $ 95k. for the unfastened class [ Appendix B ] . Pricing the COE at such a munificent rate. although discourages the purchase of autos. did non stifle one’s desire to possess them. The rich continues to buy autos while the middle-class opts for a cheaper alternate – second-hand market ( Yini. 2012 ) . As a consequence. COE does non assist to cut down the C footmark.

Current Situation
High Carbon Emission
Singapore presently ranks the top with 4. 20 hectares carbon-emission per capital [ Appendix C ] across Asia Pacific in the World Wide Fund for Nature ( WWF ) ’s populating planet study ( 2012 ) . This figure may be overrated as carbon-emission is measured against Singapore’s little population size. Even so. Singapore should be invariably cognizant of its entire carbon-emission as it has about doubled since 1990. 21. 8Mt. to 2007. 39. 9Mt [ Appendix D ] . These figures are destructive to Singapore as it strongly contradicts Singapore’s green image. thereby harming Singapore’s touristry industry. Furthermore. it is damaging to Singapore’s economic as it deprives Singapore of any credibleness in international dialogues and edifice international relationships. Most significantly. Singapore. being known for its prosperity. can potentially deteriorate the planetary environment in the long-term as other states may follow Singapore’s footfalls in increasing carbon-emission per capita so as to raise per capita income.

Contribution by the conveyance sector
The conveyance sector emerges as 2nd largest subscriber of Singapore’s carbon-emission. 19 % . [ Appendix E ] and this illuminates the degree of importance in cut downing traffic population. Furthermore the accelerating auto population from 400k in 2000 to 600k in 2010. [ Appendix F ] reflects that Singapore’s VQS is non effectual.

Problem Analysis
Population Percept
From the speed uping auto population. it is obvious that Singapore’s attempts to chair the ownership of autos are non supported by her citizens. Few recognised the byproducts left behind by driving or have of all time considered the benefits of decreased route traffic. Such unfortunate fortunes are chiefly due to the upbringing of Singapore’s population who are exposed to technological progresss since immature. Besides coupled with the population’s outlooks. a auto is more than merely a luxury good as it represents repute and convenience which differentiate one from the populace who needs to digest going in crowded public conveyances. Besides. given everyone’s demand for high quality of life. repute and convenience have been cultured as an indispensable in Singapore. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

In mention to Maslow’s Hierarchy of demands [ Appendix G ] . it seems that Singapore population has neglected possible menaces to their Physiological and Safety Needs but amplified the fulfillment of their Self-Esteem Needs. By having a auto. they are able to carry through Self-Esteem Needs by deriving regard and repute – a foundation to populating a superior life. In contrast. most people do non contemplate the effects of C and other nursery gases emanation. These byproducts are damaging to the Earth. and will fuel pollution and clime alteration. thereby potentially robbing of one’s Physiological and Safety Needs. It is extremely possible that the population do non understand the badness of these issues and neither do they understand the powerful impact they could make in remaining green.

Other Government Enterprises
Signing to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1997 ( NCCS. 2012 ) and the Kyoto Protocol in 2006 ( MEWR. 2006 ) . Singapore has come out with many other enterprises to remain green. A recent illustration would be the Singapore Green Plan ( MEWR. 2012 ) which would non merely cut down carbon-emission but besides develop substructure to bring forth clean energy and better other critical green facets. Not merely so. Singapore is presently in the thick of spread outing their public conveyance – widening the MRT’s web to 220km ( Asiaone Motoring. 2012 ) and cycling way ( Ismail. 2012 ) . Get downing from 2013. the Carbon Emissions-Based Vehicle Scheme ( CEVS ) would besides be launched to promote more drivers to exchange to fuel-efficient and low carbon-emission autos ( Loh. 2012 ) . For illustration loanblend or clean Diesel autos. CEVS strictly penalises drivers if they are high on carbon-emission and supply discounts if drivers keep under a certain carbon-emission.

Recommendations
Although the current enterprises are effectual in supplying a wide scheme and restricting the auto population. the root of the issue is still non targeted – Percept of the population. As such. enterprises used should integrate empathy to maneuver the population’s perceptual experience. for illustration utilizing Communication-Education-Involvement.

Channelss of Communication
More channels could be set up to convey the green message to the populace. For illustration. coming up with a subdivision call “Sing Green” in the Straits Time on a consistent footing where betterments of clime. experiences. accomplishments and benefits of companies who are remaining green can be shared. By sharing. it continually emphasizes the message of remaining green.

Educating the Young
We can besides aim future sustainable leaders every bit immature as Primary School pupils so that they can cultivate as a strong green value. A new non-examinable topic. “Protect your home” can be included in students’ course of study where pupils could work on green undertakings.

Engagement
To leverage on the current substructure. one-year green cycling or running event could be held to affect the populace and at the same clip. remind that cycling is ever an option. Fundss collected during the event could be used as inducements to honor people who stay green. Decision

Staying Green is a hard issue. and Singapore has a long manner to travel as decreasing auto population constitutes merely a little portion to remaining green. Besides. merely by Singapore’s exclusive attempt is non sufficient. A larger community attempt needs to come together to do remaining green happen. However in the hereafter. I believe success would happen its manner as states have been act uponing each other in their green attempts. For illustration. China has implemented the VQS late ( China Daily. 2012 ) . In decision. COE entirely is non able to foreground the importance of remaining green. This can merely be successful with other government’s schemes. coupled with uninterrupted Communication-Education-Involvement to garner the whole community attempt.

List of Mentions

Ang B. . ( 2012. April 23 ) . Will flat and COE monetary values interrupt ceiling? . The New Paper. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //business. asiaone. com/Business/News/Story/A1Story20120422-341278. html Asiaone Motoring. ( 2012. September 7 ) . 220km MRT web by 2021. Tabla! .
Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //motoring. asiaone. com/Motoring/News/Story/A1Story20120907-370166. hypertext markup language Channel News Asia. ( 2012. June 20 ) . New fuel economic system label for autos from July. Channel News Asia. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. channelnewsasia. com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1208772/1/ . html Channel News Asia. ( 2012. September 22 ) . Public conveyance is significantly subsidised by authorities Lui Tuck Yew. Channel News Asia. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. channelnewsasia. com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1225346/1/ . html China Daily. ( 2012 ) . Guangzhou adopts auto quota to counter gridlock. China Daily. Retrieve from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. chinadaily. com. cn/china/2012-07/01/content_15540462. htm Chong M. . ( 2012. September 11 ) . Entire vehicle population in S’pore down by 1. 4 % . Channel News Asia. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. channelnewsasia. com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1225219/1/ . hypertext markup language Chua. G. ( 2012. February 11 ) . No one-sided C revenue enhancement for S’pore. The Straits Time. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //app. nccs. gov. sg/news_details. aspx? nid=617 & A ; pageid=98 Chua. G. ( 2012. March 18 ) . WWF. Singapore Disagree Over Carbon Emissions Count. Jakarta Globe. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. thejakartaglobe. com/international/wwf-singapore-disagree-over-carbon-emissions-count/505564 Fang. J. ( 2012. September 11 ) . Dedicated bike lanes? Possibly. but non islandwide. The Paper. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //motoring. asiaone. com/Motoring/News/Story/A1Story20120911-370775. hypertext markup language Gulzar. ( 2012. June 15 ) . Taxing out vehicle ownership? . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //gulzar05. blogspot. sg/2012/06/taxing-out-vehicle-ownership. html Hamilton. N. ( n. d. ) . Singapore’s Climate Change Policy. in Innovation online. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. innovationmagazine. com/innovation/volumes/v9n1/coverstory4. shtml Hooi. J. ( 2012. March 12 ) . How C discounts will impact your auto purchase. The Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //motoring. asiaone. com/Motoring/News/Story/A1Story20120312-332956. html Ismail. S. ( 2012. September 10 ) Govt to construct more off-road cycling waies. Channel News Asia. Retrieved by hypertext transfer protocol: //www. channelnewsasia. com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1225122/1/ . hypertext markup language Loh. D. ( 2012. March 7 ) . New C emanations scheme for vehicles. Channel
News Asia. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. channelnewsasia. com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1187568/1/ . hypertext markup language McLeod. S. A. ( 2007 ) . Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. simplypsychology. org/maslow. html Ministry of the Environment & A ; Water Resources. ( 2006 ) . Singapore Accedes to the Kyoto Protocol. Retrieve from hypertext transfer protocol: //app. mewr. gov. sg/data/ImgCont/466/PR1304-2006. pdf Ministry of the Environment & A ; Water Resources. ( 2012 ) . The Singapore Green Pan 2012. Recover from hypertext transfer protocol: //app. mewr. gov. sg/data/ImgCont/1342/sgp2012. pdf National Climate Change Secretariat. ( 2012 ) . Reducing Emissions in the Transport Sector. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //app. nccs. gov. sg/data/resources/docs/Consultation % 20Paper % 20- % 20Transport. pdf National Climate Change Secretariat. ( 2012 ) . SINGAPORE A CITY Committed TO Tackle CLIMATE CHANGE. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nccs. gov. sg/e-newsletter/issue01/singapore-a-city-committed-to-tackle-climate-change. html National Climate Change Secretariat. ( 2012 ) . Singapore International Actions. Retrieve from hypertext transfer protocol: //app. nccs. gov. sg/page. aspx? pageid=55 Ramesh. S. ( 2012. June 14 ) . Singapore’s scheme to contend clime alteration. Channel News Asia. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. channelnewsasia. com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1207533/1/ . html SgCarMart. ( 2012. March 8 ) . Singapore to turn over out emission-based revenue enhancement system for autos. SgCarMart. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. sgcarmart. com/news/article. php? AID=5799 ST701. ( 2012 ) . COE Prices in Singapore [ Data file ] . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. st701. com/cars/coe/ Tan. C. ( 2012. December 6 ) . LTA’s new function fuels talk of emission-based revenue enhancement. The Straits Time. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. lowcarbonsg. com/2011/12/06/ltas-new-role-fuels-talk-of-emission-based-tax-news/ # more-1021 Tay. E. ( 2009. May 14 ) . Singapore’s Carbon Dioxide Emissions Per Capita and Carbon Intensity. Low Carbon Singapore. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. lowcarbonsg. com/2009/05/14/singapores-carbon-dioxide-emissions-per-capita-and-carbon-intensity/ Tay. E. ( 2010. March 20 ) . Singapore to Reduce Carbon Emissions by 16 % Below 2020 Business-As-Usual Levels. Low Carbon Singapore. Retrieved from
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. lowcarbonsg. com/2010/03/20/singapore-to-reduce-carbon-emissions-by-16-below-2020-business-as-usual-levels/ Tay. E. ( 2011. February 14 ) . Megacity Singapore is Asia’s Greenest City. Green Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. greenbusinesstimes. com/2011/02/14/megacity-singapore-is-asia % E2 % 80 % 99s-greenest-city-press-release/ Tay. E. ( 2012. March 6 ) . S’pore is top C perpetrator in Asia-Pacific. Green Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. greenbusinesstimes. com/2012/03/06/spore-is-top-carbon-culprit-in-asia-pacific-news/ Tay. E. ( 2012. April 5 ) . How green is this small ruddy point? . Green Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. greenbusinesstimes. com/2012/04/05/how-green-is-this-little-red-dot-news/ Tay. E. ( 2012. August 16 ) . Singapore to raise vehicle emission criterion. Green Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. greenbusinesstimes. com/2012/08/16/singapore-to-raise-vehicle-emission-standard-news/ Tay. E. ( 2012. August 24 ) . Singapore’s thrust for cleaner air. Green Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. greenbusinesstimes. com/2012/08/24/singapores-drive-for-cleaner-air-news/ The Business Times. ( 2011. May 5 ) . Singapore Carbon revenue enhancement strategy a affair of when. The Business Times. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. eco-business. com/news/singapore-carbon-tax-scheme-a-matter-of-when/ Wills. R. ( 2011. February 28 ) . Cheaper. greener driving C revenue enhancement is portion of the solution. Eco-Business. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. eco-business. com/opinion/cheaper-greener-motoring-carbon-tax-part-solution/ World Wide Fund for Nature ( 2012 ) . Populating Planet Report 2012. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //awsassets. coon bear. org/downloads/1_lpr_2012_online_full_size_single_pages_final_120516. pdf Yini. ( 2012. February 23 ) . Sky-high COE monetary values push consumers toward used autos. Yokel! News Singapore Scene. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //sg. intelligence. yokel. com/blogs/singaporescene/sky-high-coe-prices-push-consumers-toward-used-091402363. hypertext markup language


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