Chapter Questions

The approach suggesting that psychological disorders are illnesses that have underlying biological causes is called the:medical model is a condition marked by dramatic mood swings. Bipolar disorder The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders uses a checklist of observable signs and symptoms, but this tends to limit clinicians’: understanding of their patients. Some theories propose that such as learning or childhood experiences might lay the foundation for psychological disorders.

VIC : like poverty and community support systems, can play a role in the development and course of psychological disorders. Social factors The degree to which a behavior interferes with daily life and relationships refers to its: dysfunction. Classification system for mental disorders measures what it intends to A measure. Valid Ursula feels compel to hurt herself. Ursula self harm can be best described as a maladaptive behavior. With the people often predict the probability of something happening in the future based on how easily we can recall a similar type Of event from the past. Availability heuristic Most mental health professionals in North America use the evidenced-based classification system of mental disorders.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders chapter 8 which is an rapidly sprout new connections among each other, a dramatic phase of synaptic growth that is influenced by the infant’s experiences and stimulation from the environment. Neurons One significant milestone of the seniority stage is or an infant’s realization that objects and people still exist when they are out of sight or touch. Object permanence According to Erikson, the psychosocial stage from the twenties to forties is called which is time when most adults are creating meaningful, deep relationships. Intimacy vs. isolation. The flex occurs when a newborn infant’s cheek is stroked, as she turns her head in the direction of the touch. Rooting Children in the stage can be less egocentric and can understand the concept of conservation; however their logical thinking is limited to concrete concepts.

Encounter operational proposed that cognitive development occurs in four periods or stages, and these stages have distinct beginnings and endings. Pigged chapter 14 implies that disorders have biological causes. Medical model The treatment approach in which a client works with a mental health professional to reduce psychological symptoms and improve quality of life is allied: psychotherapy can have an impact on the course Of some psychological disorders. Terrors Studying is difficult because its methodology has not been personalized and its use varies from one therapist to the next. Humanistic therapy Approximately how many Inmates in American jails and prisons in 2007 had at least one psychological disorder? 2. Mm evaluates the success of therapies. Outcome research Your therapist tells you that her role in your therapy is to help you achieve personal growth.

Your therapist is a: positive psychologist Dry. Astrid is a psychoanalyst. She tells her clients that her main goal is to:Uncover unconscious conflicts. The type of psychotherapy aimed at increasing awareness of the self and the environment is called: insight therapy Sean has a psychological disorder that increases his risk to himself and others. Sean most likely experiences: psychotic episodes. Chapter 15 to persuasion, people pay attention to factors outside the message content, such as the credibility or appearance of the individual who relays the message. Peripheral route People from cultures are less likely to conform than those from collectivist cultures.

Individualist Participants in Amalgam’s obedience study sat at a table that held a control anal for the supposed generation of: shocks Social loafing is more likely to occur in societies where people place a high premium on:individuality and autonomy. The most famous illustration of the bystander effect was the attack on 1964. Kitty geneses studies were willing to administer what they believed to Participants in be painful and life-threatening electric shocks to other human beings. Algiers The diminished sense of personal responsibility, inhibition, or adherence to in social norms that occurs when group members are not treated as individuals is referred to as: identification. Which statement BEST characterizes social exchange theory? We help others when the benefits of our good deeds outweigh the cost. Group popularization is the tendency for a group to take a after deliberations and discussion. More extreme position In a classic study on expectations, administered a nonverbal intelligence test to students in a San Francisco elementary school.

The students whom the teachers were told would show surprising gains achieved greater increases on their test scores. Rosenthal and Jacobson and its associated Stresses can have a lasting impact on the development of the brain and subsequent cognitive abilities. Poverty The method for gaining compliance that involves making a small request first, followed by a larger request is called the: foot in door technique Chapter 12 Gender intense physiological demands, the body cannot address any new threats, and some people start to show signs of such as hypertension and arthritis. Sissies of adaptation does not require participants to retrieve information from the distant past, thus reducing opportunities for error in memory. Prospective study Chapter 11 Some aspects of adult personality appear to derive from which refers to distinct patterns of emotional reactions and behaviors observed early in life. Temperament The collection of rules that guide the ego as it negotiates between the id and the environment is called the: reality principle If a parent is too harsh or lenient about toilet training, the child may grow up with a(n) personality, being rule-bound or stingy. Anal retentive Karen Horned believed that people respond to feelings of helplessness and isolation, created by inadequate parenting, which she referred to as: basic anxiety have profound interpersonal relations, maintaining deep and lasting friends pips.

Self- actualities A distinct pattern of emotional reactions and behaviors observed early in life is called a(n): temperament According to Freud, awareness is equivalent to: conjunctions is impulsive and illogical. D According to Freud, one resolves the Oedipus or Electra complex during the: genital stage According to Adler, not everyone is successful in overcoming feelings of helplessness and dependence, but instead develop what is known as a(n): inferiority complex Your professor is talking about how Freudian theory intersects with cognitive theory. He uses the example of the which forms a bridge between memory and conscious awareness. Episodic buffer You are drawing a diagram of Fraud’s structures. Which structure would appear at the top? The superego re primal images, patterns of thoughts, and storyline stored in the collective unconscious. Archetypes You are writing a paper titled ‘Fraud’s theory of the emergence of unconscious thoughts in conscious thinking”. You are arguing that unconscious thoughts can appear in consciousness via: process among awareness perspective emphasizes relationships, environmental influences, individual behavior, and mental processes that come together to form personality.

Social-cognitive you think about going out instead of studying but then you consider what it would be like to get a poor grade. According to Freud, the helped you come to this conclusion.

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