Child Abuse and Young People

Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people including safety Children have the right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect, negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after the. Child protection legislation can be separated into two main categories Criminal Law and Civil Law. Criminal Law covers people that have offended or may be at risk of offending in the future.

Civil Law is split into Public Law and Private Law. Public Law implements systems and processes to minimise the risks to children being in harm and lays out what actions should be taken if they become at risk. Private Law deals with family law proceedings usually divorce and contact issues. TDA22 – 1. 2 Describe the roles of different agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people NSPCC, Barnados, Child Line are agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people.

They are there to support children and allow the child to talk with confidence knowing help and support is there. They also help and support families, parents and people caring for child and young people. TDA22-2. 1 Identify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses • Flu-like symptoms (fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches and pains) • Gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting • Irritability • Malaise (general ill feeling) • Rash • Sneezing

• Stuffy nose, nasal congestion, runny nose, or postnasal drip • Swollen lymph nodes • Swollen tonsils TDA22-2. 2 Describe the actions to take when children or young people are ill or injured If a child is ill at kool kidz we check there temperature, if its high one of our senior manger would call their parents to pick the child up. If it really bad we advise the parent to take them to the hospital. If a child if injured we write it down in the incident form and we put any sort off first aid that is needed.

TDA22-2. 3 Identify circumstances when children and young people might require urgent medical attention When a child becomes sick or lets you know that they feel unwell, you will need to sufficiently look after them until their parent or a carer arrives to collect them. In life threatening situations the emergency services should always be contacted straight away. TDA22-2. 4 Describe the actions to take in response to emergency situations including Fires

If a fire ever takes place at Kool Kidz first thing we have to is not panic, we have to listen to our fire warden (we have one in each room), we have to make sure we leave everything behind and we listen to what exit we have to leave from. My responsibility in a fire is to make sure all the child are out. Security Incidents Any stranger seen hanging around the nursery or in the play ground should be reported without delay to the manager or senior member of staff, who will call the police if necessary. Missing Children or Young People

If a child can’t be found by a staff member, senior management must be told immediately and told when and where the child was last seen. The remaining children will be left safe in the care of enough members staff. Other staff available with look for the child in the classroom, garden, toilets etc. If the child is not found the police must be called by Management with support off a member of staff. TDA22-3. 1 Identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse There are four different types of abuse emotional, neglect, sexual and physical.

Emotional: Sticks and stones may break my bones but words will never hurt me? Contrary to this old saying, emotional abuse can severely damage a child’s mental health or social development, leaving lifelong psychological scars. Examples of emotional child abuse include: Constant belittling, shaming, and humiliating a child. Calling names and making negative comparisons to others. Telling a child he or she is “no good,” “worthless,” “bad,” or “a mistake. ” Frequent yelling, threatening, or bullying.

Ignoring or rejecting a child as punishment, giving him or her the silent treatment. Limited physical contact with the child—no hugs, kisses, or other signs of affection. Exposing the child to violence or the abuse of others, whether it be the abuse of a parent, a sibling, or even a pet. Neglect: Child neglect—a very common type of child abuse—is a pattern of failing to provide for a child’s basic needs, whether it be adequate food, clothing, hygiene, or supervision. Child neglect is not always easy to spot.

Sometimes, a parent might become physically or mentally unable to care for a child, such as with a serious injury, untreated depression, or anxiety. Other times, alcohol or drug abuse may seriously impair judgment and the ability to keep a child safe. Older children might not show outward signs of neglect, becoming used to presenting a competent face to the outside world, and even taking on the role of the parent. But at the end of the day, neglected children are not getting their physical and emotional needs met.

Physical Abuse: Physical abuse involves physical harm or injury to the child. It may be the result of a deliberate attempt to hurt the child, but not always. It can also result from severe discipline, such as using a belt on a child, or physical punishment that is inappropriate to the child’s age or physical condition. Many physically abusive parents and caregivers insist that their actions are simply forms of discipline—ways to make children learn to behave. But there is a big difference between using physical punishment to discipline and physical abuse.

The point of disciplining children is to teach them right from wrong, not to make them live in fear. Sexual Abuse: Child sexual abuse is an especially complicated form of abuse because of its layers of guilt and shame. It’s important to recognize that sexual abuse doesn’t always involve body contact. Exposing a child to sexual situations or material is sexually abusive, whether or not touching is involved. TDA22-3. 2 Describe the risks and possible consequences for children and young people using the internet, mobile phones and other technologies.

The risk for children and young people using the internet and mobile phones is that things that don’t match their age group can pop up and disturb that child’s mind, or swear words and wrong images. TDA22-3. 3 Describe actions to take in response to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused, harmed (including self-harm) or bullied, or may be at risk of harm, abuse or bullying If I was to see a drastic change in a child behaviour and sign off abuse, self-harming or bullying I would confront that parent I would report it to my manager and we would work on it together.

If a child tells me that their parent has been hitting them I would write it down and date it and take it to my manager. TDA22-3. 4 Describe the actions to take in response to concerns that a colleague may be: Failing to comply with safeguarding procedures Failure to comply may put children and young people at risk of harm or abuse, so concerns should always be reported to the safeguarding co-ordinator or the manager Harming, abusing or bullying a child or young person

I wouldn’t go and speak to that colleague but I’ll go straight to my manager and we will sort it out together. TDA22-3. 5 Describe the principles and boundaries of confidentiality and when to share information Everything that happens in Kool Kidz is confidential, If one off the parents wanted to tell me something confidential I will listen and I would get my manager to be there. but if it’s something we have to report we would warn the parent and take it further.

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