Children and Young Person Development
Child and young person development Physical development Age range| Description of the stage| An example of how this impacts onanother aspect of development| 0 – 3 months| The first 3 months of a new-born’s physical development will pass by more quickly than you can imagine. During this time parents will note a change in there infant’s growth, appearance, motor abilities, and sensory development. | | 3 – 6 months| In months 3 through 6, Babies physical development continues to progress. He/She has graduated from the new-born look to that of a baby with full cheeks and a plump body.
They will also be able to begin to show a whole new range of skills and abilities| | 6 – 9 months| Between 6 to 9 months you will be amazed by the physical development of your little one. While he continues to master the skills he learned in previous months, you will now see him move (quite literally) to new levels in many areas of development. | | 9 – 12 months| Not only have they grown from this tiny infant that once fit in the crook of their parents arm, but they are now making both literal and figurative steps toward increased mobility and agility.
During this stage everything is new and interesting. Use 5 senses to explore the environment around them. They all able to stand on their two feet but will put their hands out to the side for balance. | | 2 – 4 years| At the age of two most children can climb onto furniture in the home, they are able to throw a ball but are not able to catch at this stage| | 4 – 7 years| At this stage the child will be able to develop a good sense of balance, bend at the waist to pick up objects from the floor. | 7 – 12 years| Their balance will have improved as will there walking and running skills.
Their bodies will start to change as they get closer to the puberty. | | 12 – 16 years| The child’s body will start to go through the changes that are brought on by puberty. They will start to notice things and experience things that they didn’t experience before. | | 16 – 19 years| At this age the child is a fully developed young adult. There bodies should have adjusted to the changes that experienced from puberty. | | Intellectual development
Indicate needs and understand basic instructions. Claps hands and can wave goodbye. | | 1 – 2 years| During this stage, language skills will progress from grunting and pointing to single words. Pronunciation is difficult. They steadily build vocabulary by taking in the language around them. | | 2 – 4 years| They are able to listen and understand stories, rhythms and conversations. As they are learning their letters but may call their numbers as letters.
They will begin to ask questions about the environment around them. | . | 4 – 7 years| They should be able to hold a conversation and express their needs clearly. | 7 – 12 years| Getting their point across is key at this stage and may start an argument if they feel they are not being understood| | 12 – 16 years| Their communication skills are developed but they will begin to communicate less with their parents and more with their or siblings. They will argue a lot more at this stage to assert their independence. | | 16 – 19 years| There communication skills are fully developed but they may still be adding to their developed skills through learning other ways to communicate. | | Social, emotional and behavioural development
Age range| Description of the stage| An example of how this impacts onanother aspect of development| 0 – 3 months| During the first few months babies are very restless and rely on the parents for relief from stress and other negative emotions. Therefore at this stage they are not really developing in the aspects of social, emotion and behavioural | | 3 – 6 months| Show recognition of familiar faces. Emotions will be expressed through smiles and cooing noises if happy while tears and cries will express sadness. | | 6 – 9 months| They don’t like to be separated from mum and dad and will be wary of strangers.
As social beings babies will socialise well with other babies well through baby sounds. | | 9 – 12 months| They are still discovering emotions so don’t have a grasp on what is going on but they will express themselves if unhappy. | | 1 – 2 years| They are just learning to recognize and manage their feelings. They respond to conflict through tantrums or by hitting, screaming or crying. | | 2 – 4 years| Emotionally, they need familiar adults nearby for security and comfort as they continue to explore and play. They will develop more independence and start to explore true friendships with other children.
They are still learning how to manage/ recognise the causes of feelings and will offer simple comfort through hug. | | 4 – 7 years| During this stage the child may have a one good friend but they will change friend easily after a minor argument. They will be attention seek to get attention from others. | | 7 – 12 years| They will be able to socialise with there peers and have a solid group of friend (2-3 children). Depending on the child some children at this stage will think they have all the answers but don’t have a concept of what they are talking about.
There pretty balanced emotionally but as they get closer to 10-12 they will start to change. | | 12 – 16 years| During the stages between puberty they will start to push the behavioural boundaries and social boundaries. Emotional’s will be all over the places as they go through puberty. | | 16 – 19 years| They are fully able to expressive themselves emotionally| | Task B – Child and young person development Type of Influence | Give ONE example of the effect onchildren and young people’sdevelopment| Why recognising andresponding to this isimportant| Background|
Religious background. Recogniseing the religious background of a child is important as many religions have a certain diet and you must make sure that you have food suitable. But also responding by allowing the child to talk about their religions & festivals that they may celebrate is a way for not only you but other children to recognise the importance of this event. | Health| Meningtis | It’s important to recognise the symptoms of meningitis and not get them confused with the symptoms of another illness, as soon as the symptoms are shown immediate medical attention.
Responding quickly to the symptoms and contacting the medical services makes the chance of the illness becoming more severe. | Environment| family problems at home| It’s important to recognise this as it could effect the child emotionally and sociably if there is a lot of arguing at home the child may start to feel scared to interact with other people due to fear of arguments being started. Responding to this also important as you need to find away to make the child feel comfortable so they can regain interactions with other’s without the fear of starting an argument. |
Task C- Child and young person development | Transition experienced by mostchildren and young people:| Example of possible effect on children andyoung people’s behaviour and development| 1| From crawling to walking| Moving from crawling to walking | 2| Going to Nursery| Going to nursery opens up there social & intellectual development as they are socialising with other children but are also learning new skills| 3| Developing New Skills| By developing new skills, they are able to develop skills that not only help them later in life but they may also learn that they are more gifted are certain things.
Transition experienced by somechildren and young people:| Example of possible effect on children andyoung people’s behaviour and development| 1| Violence/Abuse| With children they are likely to become anixious & find it difficult to sleep. They may also suffer from nightmares or flashbacks and will become easily startled. 2| Death in the family| The child or young person may suffer from a long period of depression with loss of interest in daily activities and events. | 3| Parents Divorcing| A child or young person who is going through the divorce of there parents is likely to feel a sense of rejection which could affect them later in life.