Chronic and Infectious Disease Paper

9 September 2016

Chronic and Infectious Diseases Paper Chronic disease is a fight that many fight each day. Some argue that chronic disease can be prevented with good healthy obtained through a good diet and exercise. Individuals should seek out a doctor when he or she wants to obtain good health. Each person definition of good health would be different because his and her levels of protein, carbohydrates, fiber and fats will be different.

This paper identify characteristics of chronic disease, Examine the relationship between a healthy nutritional program and cardiovascular disease, Describe the effects of chronic and infectious diseases on the immune system, and Explain how exercise can affect the body’s immune system. Chronic diseases are diseases of extensive periods and usually a slow process of development. According to (“World Health Organization”, 2012), “ chronic disease such as heart disease, stroke, cancer , chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes are by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing 63% of all deaths”.

Chronic and Infectious Disease Paper Essay Example

Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in the United States. According to ( Powers, S. K. , & Dodd, S. L. (2009), “More than 60 million adults have one or more forms of CVD, and approximately 1 million people die annually from cardiovascular disorder. CVD is the leading cause of death in men between the ages of 35 and 44, and rising among women”. There a several diseases that can impair normal cardiovascular function. The four most popular or known are arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, stroke, and hypertension.

Studies over the last decade indicates that a diet high in saturated fats and cholesterol, which occurs when the constant intake of red meats, dairy foods, and eggs, are directly correlated to the incidence of CVD and its complications, while a low saturated fat, low cholesterol diet significantly lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease. The immune system is a scheme of genetic structures and processes inside an organism that defends against disease.

In order for the immune system to function correctly, it must identify an extensive assortment of agents such as viruses, parasitic worms, and distinguish them from the organism’s own healthy tissue. Pathogens can quickly change and adjust to escape detection and destruction by the immune system. Therefore, several defense mechanisms have too changed to identify and neutralize pathogens. Disorders of the immune system can cause autoimmune disease, inflammatory diseases, and cancer. Immunodeficiency appears when the immune system is less functioning than normal, causing in recurrent and life threatening infections.

Immunodeficiency may be an effect of inherited disease passed down. Autoimmunity happens from a hyperactive immune system attacking normal tissue believing they are foreign organisms. Some familiar autoimmune diseases are hashimoto’s thyroiditis, diabetes mellitus type 1, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Research show that exercise and a good diet make the immune system strong. However, there are studies that reveal that overly forceful exercise can lessen immunity and may make individuals ill. The human nation is subjected to viruses on a daily base, and some seem more vulnerable to catching the cold or flu.

Consequently the average adult has two to three upper respiratory infections a year. Some turn to his or her doctor when coming down with the cold or flu. Evidence show that sensible, consistent exercise defends the body from catching the cold and flu, and produces a healthy immune system. Individuals that partake in recreational exercise have less colds when he or she engages in running frequently. Sensible exercise creates a positive immune system reaction and a temporary enhancement in the production of macrophages which is the cell that attack bacteria. On the other hand, too much exercise may cause harm to the body. 0 minutes of high intensity endurance exercise can make individuals prone to illness for up to 72 hours after the work out. Intense exercise may cause a temporary decrease in immune system functions. Chronic disease could be prevented in ways of obtaining good health and sustaining health. People all over the world need to become educated in regards of to his and her health. Seeking a doctor is a great way of going good health. Good health for each individual is going to be different. Each person should require different amounts of protein, carbohydrates, fiber, and fats, a doctor can determine the proper intake levels.

This along with exercise is the right way of going about good health. This paper identified characteristics of chronic disease, examined the relationship between a healthy nutritional program and cardiovascular disease, described the effects of chronic and infectious diseases on the immune system, and explained how exercise can affect the body’s immune system. Reference Page World Health Organization. (2012). Retrieved from http://www. who. int/topics/chronic_diseases/en/ Powers, S. K. , & Dodd, S. L. (2009). Total fitness & wellness (5th ed. ). San Francisco: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings.

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