Social science is the study of human society and of the relationship of individual members within the society. Within the social sciences, the society is broken down into different variations of inequalities such as class, age, gender, sexuality, and ethnicity. Inequality is a disparity of not having the same lack of opportunities, status or treatment. In sociology and other social sciences, sociologist base their studies simply under the stratification system, which refers to the hierarchical arrangement of individuals into divisions of power and wealth within a society.

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The study of stratification has long been studied in the history of sociology, teachings such as inequality, including economic inequality, racial/ethnic inequality, gender inequality, and other types of inequality determines the differences people are facing within the society. This inequality is known as the ‘spatio temporal’ – social inequality. It means having unequal opportunities and rewards for different social statuses within a group or society. There are two main ways to measure social inequality: inequality of conditions, and inequality of opportunities. Inequality of conditions refers to the unequal distribution of income, wealth and material goods. Inequality of opportunities refers to the unequal distribution of ‘‘life chances’’ across individuals such as level of education, health status, and treatment by the criminal justice system.

On City Roads there are many examples of inequalities. For example, there are different types of shops seen in the City Road, that is attracted and used for different clientele. Janet Symmons sells african products to her chosen customers. Because, she brings various products from Africa to sell in her shop, she contributes to making social lives in Africa as well as on City Road. The inequality in this particular example, is the race and or ethnicity, which makes her shop different from the local markets. Alot of people in the City Roads use Tesco supermarket to those who use the traditional newsagent shop. You will find Tesco supermarket in every corner of the city as oppose to the newsagent shop. Also, in the newsagent shop you may not find all your household necessities rather than inthe leading supermarket.

Page 2 City Road Cardiff Essay

This is an economic inequality, because Tesco supermarket is a leading company, where as the local newsagent shop is owned by a private company or a person, but has somewhat similar contributions to making social lives on the City Roads. People travel to the city centre throughkinds of transport systems. Most people travel by to the city centre by car, or buses. Most people wear different types of clothing, in contrast to, those who are less wealthy. This substantiates the inequality of conditions, which in this case is the support of income and wealth. Tim Masters plays an important role to the community and to City Roads, by ensuring the streets are clean, by cleaning the blockages of fat in the sewers.

He is providing a service to the City Roads and making and repairing social life by doing material infrastructure for the society. Older people seems to be using the Taste Buds Café rather than the younger people. In contradiction to the Pool Hall, it does not deliberately exclude older people from using the facilities, rather, it’s whom it’s designed to attract specific groups of people. This is a clear example of age, as its majority clashes between the elderly and the younger group of people. However, some activities of other groups of people are perceived as threatening or out of order by others.

The nightlife shown on City road says that a lot of younger people tend to be using the facilities of nightclubs, it is due to the fact that its primarily designed to attract the younger group pf people rather than the elderlies. Finaly, the Mackintosh Centre on City Road shows how different inequalities are met through converting it into a sports centre and then transforming it into a market to attract a wide range of local people.

This is not only designed to attract certain type of groups, but it is also attracting a wide variety of people and making the Mackintosh centre more resourceful and reliable for the society. To summarise it all, the social inequality seen and presented on the City Roads suggests how the lives of a society revolves around the similarities and differences of inequalities throughout the day and night. There were a lot of factors of inequalities mentioned on the City Roads, such as age, race or ethnicity, wealth and income. There had not been any subjects related to gender or sexuality on the City Road other than taking their opinions of individuals of both men and women, to illustrate their experiences on City Road of Cardiff.

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