Clara Barton

7 July 2017

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& # 8211 ; American Red Cross Essay, Research Paper

Imagine being a soldier in the Civil War. You get shot in the leg and there is no manner you will be able to last without aid. There are no sawboness or nurses around to help you and no proper stuffs to repair the lesion yourself. Clara Barton grew up as a immature school teacher traveling from topographic point to topographic point. Later in life, happening out that much aid was needed during times of war and catastrophe, she started the American Red Cross. Clara Barton was remembered and honored for her service she gave in times of demand, she is a good remodel to all.

Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born on Christmas twenty-four hours, December 25, 1821. She was born in a little infirmary in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Clara was born to Stephen and Sara Barton. She was the youngest of five kids ; she had two brothers and two sisters. Clara & # 8217 ; s parents thought she was particular because she was a Christmas kid. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 1 )

Clara & # 8217 ; s parents decided when she was 3 old ages old that Clara should get down traveling to school. So at the age of 3, Clara enrolled in school for the first clip. Clara & # 8217 ; s instructors saw her as a really promising pupil. The instructors gave her much attending and praise all during school. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 1 )

All through Clara & # 8217 ; s life her male parent, Stephen, had his kids sit around the life room listening to his narratives. When Clara was 11, she learned a great trade about military etiquette, conflict scheme, and first assistance tips ( Hamilton 17 ) . So when Clara & # 8217 ; s brother David fell from the barn balks, Clara left school to take attention of him at place ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 2 ) .

At the age of 13, Clara realized that there were many households that were in demand of aid. Clara helped nurse hapless households and tutored kids. She could non go a certified nurse because there were no nursing schools, so she had to larn everything she knew while on the occupation ( Hamilton 39 ) . Nursing was difficult for Clara, non cognizing what she was making. So when Clara turned 16, Doctor Lorenzo Fowler, a craniologist, told her parents that Clara should get down learning school ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 2 ) .

Following Doctor Fowler and her parents advice, Clara started learning at a little school in her town. While Clara was learning, she found the school supplies to be really unequal for the kids. She knew she had to make something about it so she made a program to convey this to the town meeting. She was granted her petition to better the school and within the twelvemonth Clara was really pleased with her first large achievement. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 2 )

Though Clara liked instruction, she didn & # 8217 ; t experience she was making plenty. She felt like she should being making more for herself, her hereafter, and her household. In 1845. Clara started a school on her ain for the factory workers. She started a free public school, a edifice was built for her. She was denied the place of principal because she was a adult females. They found a male principal. Clara was upset about this and left the school. ( Curtis 1 )

When Clara was 25, she was unemployed. That is when her brother David became earnestly sick with a febrility. Her household could non afford to acquire him a nurse to remain at the house and her parents were excessively busy to remain at place with him. Clara was given the undertaking of nursing her brother. She learned about all of his medicines from the physician and about what to make when there were serious jobs. ( Hamilton 21 ) After Clara & # 8217 ; s brother recovered in the mid-1840s, Clara began assisting the less fortunate and households in problem ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 2 ) .

Clara went back to school to larn more on how to assist the less fortunate. She left place in the early 1850s to travel back to school. She went out of province to Clinton Liberal Institute out of province. However, Clara & # 8217 ; s female parent, Sara Barton passed off in July 1851 and Clara was left with many troubles on her shoulders. She was burdened with the household & # 8217 ; s fiscal jobs, so she that knew she could non travel to school. She knew that she would hold to travel to work alternatively, so she moved in with some of her friends in Highstown, New Jersey and started learning once more in a local school. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 2 )

The Civil War broke out in April 1861 when Fort Sumter was fired upon. Clara heard and went right there ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 3 ) . Harmonizing to William D. Hasley, writer of Collier & # 8217 ; s Encyclopedia, & # 8220 ; She rented a warehouse, filled markey baskets, and petitioned friends in New England and New Jersey to direct amenitiess for the soldiers & # 8221 ; ( 645 ) . The cognition Clara gained about the battleground from her male parent & # 8217 ; s inspiration in his narratives to assist her out with the war. Womans were non allowed to be on the battleground, but Clara knew she had to pull off someway. Once Clara was allowed to assist out the sawboness. ( Hamilton 40 )

The first clip Clara was in a fieldhouse was on August 2, 1861 when she delivered supplies to Fredericksburg. Clara was disgusted with how soiled the infirmary and supplies were. Clara aided in the war attempt by acquiring commissariats for the soldiers in Washington. When Clara helped the soldiers by doing patchs, fixing nutrient, cleansing infirmaries, and helping in many surgeries. Clara had seen plenty surgical processs to be able to make them herself. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 3 ) The U.S. Sanitary Commission provided the Civil War with nurses, supplies, patchs, and vesture. The U.S. Sanitary Commission watched over the nurses to do certain that what they were making was right. ( Hamilton 39 )

Clara felt she needed to acquire onto the battleground but they were still really rigorous with respect to leting adult females on to the conflict field. This made Clara really mad, so she walked many stat mis to mouse in. Clara was caught and labeled a undercover agent until a adult male stood courageously from the crowd and admitted cognizing Clara right before she was put to decease. So wherever Clara went she had to have on an armband that identified her as being a nurse. After this, adult females were allowed on the battleground. ( Hamilton 77 ) Harmonizing to William D. Hasley, writer of Collier & # 8217 ; s Encyclopedia, & # 8220 ; It was her Fe boiler, hot gruel, and much that were welcomed after the conflicts & # 8221 ; ( 646 ) .

In the summer of 1863, Clara met up with her brother David. He was a quartermaster of the Department of the South, so she assisted him, until July 16, 1863. When Fort Wagner was attacked right where Clara was stationed. Clara was shot while assisting a hurt victim ; she was non killed, but she was shot in the arm. There were few sawboness available, so Clara had to maintain everyone in high liquors. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 7 )

On June 23, 1864 Clara was put in charge of X Corps Hospital in Virginia. She had to go forth the infirmary in January 1865 because she heard about her deceasing brother, Stephen. Clara went back place to care for her brother and heard that her male parent had died 3 old ages before. ( Curtis 5 ) Right after Stephen recovered, Clara became really sick with typhoid febrility. It took her months of convalescence before s

he could travel back to assisting on the battlegrounds ( ”The True Heroine” 4 ) .

When Clara went back to the war in 1866, she became overseer of nurses for the Army ( Hamilton 63 ) . After the Civil War ended in the autumn of 1866, Clara went around from province to province to present talks about the Civil War. She told people what the war was like and advised people to assist out during these times. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 5 )

Clara went even farther after the war by looking for losing soldiers. Before Abraham Lincoln & # 8217 ; s blackwash in April, he gave Clara permission to seek for losing soldiers after the war. Clara worked really difficult allowing everyone know the names of the losing soldiers, by publication, poster, and administering lists of the soldiers names every where in the United States. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 5 ) While looking for the losing soldiers, Clara had to place Gravess of 1000s of the Andersonville captives. About 13,000 Gravess were identified and 400 marked & # 8220 ; Unknown Soldier & # 8221 ; in mid-August ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 5 ) . After Clara published the newspapers with the losing soldier & # 8217 ; s names, she received many answers. Clara worked on happening the losing work forces for over four old ages. She notified the household members of any work forces she found during her hunt. After Clara finished her hunt, she received $ 15,000 to cover her disbursals. ( Hamilton 65 )

Some groups were non pleased with the work Clara was making. The Sanitary Committees and Christian Commission about forced Clara off from her work, take a firm standing that she needed to work with them and non so independent. So Clara had to alter her ways, cognizing she didn & # 8217 ; t want to halt nursing. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 5 ) Clara joined a right to vote motion on November 30, 1867 with Elizabeth Cady and Susan B. Anthony. They raised money for catastrophes and used this money any manner they could to assist the victims. Clara made certain that all victims of catastrophes were aided by voluntaries. ( Hamilton 90 )

In 1868 Clara spoke around the universe about Women & # 8217 ; s Rights. During this clip, she was paid $ 75-100 per talk that she gave about the Civil War and Women & # 8217 ; s Rights. In December, 1868, Clara lost her voice while giving a address due to mental jobs and weariness. Clara traveled to Europe to recover and recover her voice in 1869. ( Curtis 7 )

Clara stopped giving talks to travel visit her sister Sally when she was 48. While sing her sister, Clara heard about the International Red Cross that was founded by Henri Dunant in 1864. Clara signed up with the International Red Cross on July 18, 1870. Clara liked being portion of the Red Cross because of its effectivity and efficient preparation of its members. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 6 )

Clara met up with Antoinette Margot in September 1870. Margot became Clara & # 8217 ; s colleague. Clara was called & # 8220 ; The Angel of the Battlefield & # 8221 ; by James I. Dunn because she was ever willing to assist out in any conflict. This name stuck with Clara the remainder of her life ( Hamilton 39 ) . Clara was awarded for her human-centered work with the Augusta Medal in 1871 ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 7 ) .

Clara once more traveled to Europe to recover after losing her seeing from nervous exhaustion in 1872. While at that place, Clara heard about her sister Sally & # 8217 ; s decease in the Spring of 1874. Clara became really depressed over Sally & # 8217 ; s decease and spent a great trade of clip in a sanatorium in New York. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 6 ) While Clara was in New York, she came up with the thought of organizing the American Red Cross in 1877. Clara worked hard on this thought, and on May 21, 1881 the American Red Cross was born. The first chapter of the American Red Cross opened on August 22, 1881. The United States Conference adopted the American Red Cross principals. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 7 ) Between 1884-1890 Clara traveled to talk and advance the American Red Cross ( & # 8221 ; Clara Barton Chronology & # 8221 ; 8 ) .

The American Red Cross helped victims in fires, temblors, inundations, and twisters during the 1880 & # 8217 ; s. They besides supplied apparels and supplies to infirmaries and put up orphanhoods and soup kitchens. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 9 ) Clara took the American Red Cross in the first abroad operation, she was helped by Julian Hubbell ( Curtis 10 ) . Later, Clara started learning foremost assistance categories through the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross has 7 principals: catholicity, integrity, humanity, nonpartisanship, service, independency, and neutrality. The American Red Cross promotes common apprehension, friendly relationship, cooperation, and peace. They stand for neutrality used for national alleviation societies. ( & # 8221 ; The Early Years & # 8221 ; 1 ) The president of the American Red Cross was Clara Barton ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 7 ) . A few stat mis north-west of Washington a edifice is built for Clara. For old ages this edifice was used for the American Red Cross. The edifice used for the American Red Cross became Clara & # 8217 ; s primary abode. ( Curtis 10 )

Clara left the American Red Cross to work at a adult females & # 8217 ; s reformative prison in Massachusetts on May 1883. Clara returned in 1884 to take the American Red Cross Mobile to handle 200 unwellnesss in 6 yearss in the National Drill and Encampment. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 7 ) The International Red Cross ne’er had a adult females delegate until Clara joined when she was 63 old ages old ( Hamilton 93 ) .

At 77 Clara was still working 16 hours a twenty-four hours assisting victims at the American Red Cross. She was forced out of her presidential term at the age of 82. When Clara was in her late 80 & # 8217 ; s she developed a bad instance of pneumonia. Clara left the American Red Cross in 1904. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 8 ) The American Red Cross was wholly reorganized after Clara & # 8217 ; s surrender ( Hamilton 103 ) .

Clara was still working from her place in 1905 when she made the original first assistance kit. Clara indulged in her involvements in star divination, faith, and spiritualism. ( Hamilton 104 ) At the terminal of her life, Clara wrote an autobiography entitled The Story of My Childhood which was published in 1907. Clara Barton died on April 12, 1912. After Clara & # 8217 ; s decease, the American Red Cross was still stationed in Clara & # 8217 ; s place. ( & # 8221 ; The True Heroine & # 8221 ; 8 )

From so on Clara was remembered in history as the laminitis of the American Red Cross. Many people remember Clara as a really brave lady in the times of the Civil War. We should give tonss of thanks to Clara because if non for her we may non hold the proper medical aid that we have today. I hope I helped you to understand more of what Clarissa Harlowe Barton did and how the American Red Cross was founded.

& # 8220 ; Clara Barton True Heroine of the Age. & # 8221 ; Barton: www.geocities.com/Athens, 1999.

Curtis, Jade. & # 8220 ; Clara Barton Chronology 1821-1912. & # 8220 ; Barton: www.nps.gov/clba.chronl, 1998.

& # 8220 ; Early Old ages of The American Red Cross. & # 8221 ; Barton: www.redcross.org/pre1900, 2000.

Halsey, William D. & # 8220 ; Barton, Clara. & # 8221 ; Collier & # 8217 ; s Encyclopedia 3 1978 erectile dysfunction. : pg. 645-646.

Hamilton, Leni. Clara Barton Founder, American Red Cross. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988.

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