Cloning Has Science Gone Too Far Essay
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Cloning: HAS SCIENCE GONE TOO FAR?
For old ages the topic of cloning has captured the imaginativenesss of writers, film managers and much of the human population. Cloning is the chance of making an animate being or even a individual that is genetically indistinguishable to its & # 8220 ; parent. & # 8221 ; Until late the topic seemed implausible and fictional, because no 1 truly realized how close we had really advanced in cloning research.
It was during February of 1997 that an embryologist, Dr. Ian Wilmut, announced the birth of a cloned lamb named Dolly. She was the first of all time successfully cloned mammal from an grownup cell. What Dr. Wilmut did was astonishing. He took the Deoxyribonucleic acid from a six-year-old Ewe and fused it with the egg of another Ewe after taking the 2nd Ewe & # 8217 ; s ain DNA. After blending, the cell began to split every bit would a regular embryo. The embryo was so implanted in a 3rd Ewe who merely a few months subsequently gave birth to Dolly 1.
Upon intelligence of this, many people began to oppugn the possibility of non merely making genetically indistinguishable sheep, but worlds every bit good. There has been much contention on whether or non the cloning of worlds every bit good as animate beings is ethical or even moral. Besides there has been much treatment as to whether or non the benefits of cloning outweigh the dangers.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS IN CLONING RESEARCH?
There is no uncertainty that Dr. Wilmut & # 8217 ; s new finds have brought an tumult of exhilaration between non merely the scientific community, but the general populace every bit good. Groups such as husbandmans, sawboness and even conservationists have shown assorted involvements in cloning research.
The agriculture community has expressed much machination in cloning for the intent of being able to reproduce transcripts of their best animate beings. For illustration, a dairy husbandman would much instead be able to take his best dairy cow and animate it by copying its Deoxyribonucleic acid as opposed to engendering it and taking a opportunity that the calf would either be male or an unprofitable female2.
Medical physicians have besides been rather interested in the recent finds of Dr. Wilmut every bit good. Cloning research has brought them one measure closer to the possibility of really cloning variety meats. The advantages of this would be the ability to take person & # 8217 ; s DNA and utilize it to make a healthy and compatible organ to replace one that is failing3. A good illustration of this would be a bosom graft patient. Scientists would be able to make a bosom within a research lab scene and engraft it into the patient.
Environmentalists have besides jumped on the cloning & # 8220 ; bandwagon. & # 8221 ; There has been treatment of utilizing cloning techniques in engendering endangered species which have problem reproducing in imprisonment. Panda bears would be a good illustration of this.
WHAT ARE THE DANGERS IN CLONING?
There have been several expostulations that are related to the dangers in cloning animate beings every bit good as the possibility of cloning worlds. There have been many scientists who do non believe that this research should be continued due to the dangers that it presents.
There were complications in the birth of Dolly. She was the lone successful birth out of 277 attempts within 29 different ewes4. All 276 of the staying embryos died before they were born. As Dr. Colin Stewart, a celebrated embryolgist at the National Cancer Institute, was quoted as stating & # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; the high rate of self-generated abortion suggests, cloning sometimes amendss DNA. As a consequence Dolly could develop a figure of diseases that could shorten her life5. & # 8221 ;
During a United States hearing refering authorities support for cloning research, Representative Vernon Ehlers of Michigan pointed out one danger in human cloning. & # 8221 ; & # 8216 ; What if in the cloning procedure you produce person with two caputs and three arms. & # 8217 ; he said. & # 8216 ; Are you merely traveling to euthanize and dispose of that individual? The reply is no. We & # 8217 ; re speaking about human life6. & # 8217 ; & # 8221 ;
Another factor to take into consideration is the psychological reverberations that a individual may confront if they were to be born as a clo
ne. There may be certain force per unit areas for them to be or move a certain manner. Possibly society might anticipate excessively much or even excessively small out of them because of whom from which they were cloned. Their full individualism could acquire lost in the whole procedure every bit good, due to the mere fact that they are indistinguishable to the parent.
Aside from the dangers in cloning people, there are besides dangers related to cloning farm animate beings every bit good. & # 8220 ; Cloned animate beings, FitzGerald said, might sound appealing-scientists could clone the pantry Kobe beef cowss or the meatiest hogs, for illustration. But these cloned animals would besides portion an indistinguishable susceptibleness to disease, he cautioned. An full cloned herd could be wiped out nightlong if the virus swept through it7. & # 8221 ; While it may look more profitable to husbandmans to clone their animate beings, it really could stop up bing them more in the long tally.
Make THE BENEFITS OUTWEIGH THE DANGERS?
There is no uncertainty that the scientific discipline of cloning has brought mankind further in front than anyone of all time thought possible. But is it worth the hazards? The reply is no. Every benefit that cloning nowadayss can be easy counterned by an even greater danger.
Take the possibility of salvaging endangered species. If, for case, we were able to salvage the full Panda bear population by agencies of cloning, we would still be unable to supply them with the natural home ground that they need. Let us non bury that it is the decreasing environment from which they come that is to fault for their extinction. And while it would be great to salvage the Panda bear population, we should concentrate our attempts more towards the existent ground for their extinction.
As stated earlier, there are many possible familial lacks that can ensue from cloning. Now, taking into consideration that factor, would there truly be much demand for consumers to purchase merchandises that come from perchance genetically deffective animate beings? Of class non. If anything people would more likely stick to meat or dairy merchandises that were produced in a natural environment.
Undoutedly, the most good consequence that cloning can show is the ability to make variety meats. But, we must recognize the hazard involved every bit good. There would most likely be a great many failures before there were to be even one success. And there is no significant grounds that this would even be possible. So the hazard seems to greatly outweigh any possible benefit.
The hazards involved in cloning people every bit good as animate beings are of a much greater magnitude than many people realize. Our society needs to get down weighing in the unsafe effects before doing any solid decisions, because cloning may weave up bing us much more than we bargained for.
1. Gina Kolata, & # 8220 ; Scientist Reports First Cloning Ever of Adult Mammal, & # 8221 ; New York Times Online, February 23, 1997, 1 ( www.nytimes.com )
2. J. Madeline Nash, & # 8220 ; The Age of Cloning, & # 8221 ; Time Magazine, March 10, 1997, Vol. 149, No.10, 1 ( www.time.com )
3. Kolata, & # 8220 ; Scientist Reports First Cloning Ever of Adult Mammal, & # 8221 ; 3
4. Nash, & # 8220 ; The Age of Cloning, & # 8221 ; Vol. 149, No.10, 3
5. Nash, & # 8220 ; The Age of Cloning, & # 8221 ; Vol. 149, No.10, 3
6. Katharine Q. Seelye, & # 8220 ; Congressman Offers Bill to Ban Cloning of Humans, & # 8221 ; New York Times Online, March 6, 1997, 1
7. Kolata, & # 8220 ; With Cloning of a Sheep, Ethical Ground Shifts, & # 8221 ; New York Times Online, February 24, 1997, 3
Kass, Leon R. and James Q. Wilson. The Ethics of Human Cloning Washington, D.C. : The AE Press, 1998
Kolata, Gina. & # 8220 ; Scientist Reports First Cloning Ever of Adult Mammal. & # 8221 ; New York Times Online ( www.nytimes.com ) , 23 February 1997
Kolata, Gina. & # 8220 ; With Cloning Sheep, Ethical Ground Shifts. & # 8221 ; New York Times Online ( www.nytimes.com ) , 24 February 1997
Nash, J. Madeline. & # 8221 ; The Age of Cloning. & # 8221 ; Time Magazine ( www.time.com ) , 10 March 1997
Sleeye, Katharine. & # 8220 ; Congressman Offers Bill to Ban Cloning of Humans. & # 8221 ; New York Times Online ( www.nytimes.com ) 6 March 1997