Comparative Analysis of the Events in the Israeli-Arab Conflict
A comparative analysis of the 1950 UNCCP Geneva Conference and the 1983 Israel-Lebanon Agreement.
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This paper compares and contrasts the two events in light of the political climate and psychological obstacles affecting the negotiations. Influential factors discussed include Arab League talks, economic boycott of Israel, attacks on Northern Israel from Lebanon, and attitudes and expectations on both sides.
“The 1950 United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine conference in Geneva attempted to create an agreement between Israel and the Arab States through indirect negotiations with a UN mediator. This conference failed because neither side was willing to compromise their plans. The Israelis refused to negotiate unless they had proof of the Arabs commitment to peace, and the Arabs refused to negotiate unless the Israelis first implemented paragraph 11 of the UN resolution 194 from December 11, 1948. The Arab States attended the conference as one unit, where as the Israelis wished to deal with each state individually. Israel got a chance at a negotiation more to its liking, or so it thought, individually with Lebanon in 1983 with the Israel-Lebanon Agreement. Just 4 years after the Camp David Peace Accords with Egypt, the Israel-Lebanon Agreement was Israel’s second attempt at individual negotiation with an Arab state. It failed because Israel approached the agreement thinking that it could easily manipulate Lebanon, and both Israel and Lebanon seriously underestimated Syria and the Arab agenda. For similar reasons that the Geneva conference failed; neither side was after a true peace, they just wanted to further their own goals.”