The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 has been enacted to define and Ilmlt the powers of certain courts In punishing contempt of courts and to regulate their procedure In relation thereto. Punishment for contempt affects two important fundamental rights of the citizens, namely, the right to personal liberty and the right to freedom of expression. According to the provisions of this Act, contempt of court means civil contempt or criminal contempt.

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Civil contempt means willful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other process of a court or willful breach of n undertaking given to a court. Criminal contempt means the publication, whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by vlslble representation, or otherwise, of any matter or the doing of any other act which lowers the authority of any court. The Act provides that any act done or writing published which is calculated to bring a court or a Judge into contempt, or to lower his authority, or to interfere with the due course of Justice or the lawful process of the court, Is a contempt of court.

Advertising Standards Council of India The Advertlslng Standards Council of India (ASCI) Is a self regulatory voluntary organization of the advertising industry. It was set up in October 1985. The ASCI and its Consumer Complaints Council deals with complaints received from consumers and industry, against Ads which are considered as False, Misleading, Indecent, Illegal, leading to Unsafe practices, or unfair to competition, and consequently in contravention of the ASCI Code for Self-Regulation In Advertising.

The representatives of Indian Society of Advertisers, the Advertising Agencies Association of India and the Indian Newspapers Society have set up the Council to self-regulate the content of advertisements. The Code of the Council for Self-Regulation in Advertising specifies that all advertising should be truthful, honest, decent, legal and safe for consumers particularly minors, and fair to the competition. The Press Council of India’s Norms of Journalistic Conduct There should be a code of conduct for every profession to ensure Its progress along with socialaccountability.

Page 2 Contempts of courts Essay

The Press council of India has set a code of Journalistic norms with an objective to bulld up a code of conduct for newspapers, news agencies nd Journalists in accordance with high professional standards and on the basis of its adjudications of various cases. The code of Journalistic normshave been set to ensure the maintenance of high standards of public taste on the part newspapers, news agencies and Journalists and to develop a due sense of the rights and responslbllltles of citizenship and public service among all those engaged in the profession of Journalism.

The Prasar Bharatl (Broadcasting Corporation of India) The Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 has been enacted to rovide for the establishment of Broadcasting Corporation for India, to be known as Prasar Bharati, to define its composition, functions and powers and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

The Act provides that the Broadcasting Corporation of India shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession. Regarding the functions and powers of the corporation, the Act lays down Corporation to organise and conduct public broadcasting services to inform, educate and entertain the public and to ensure a balanced development of broadcasting on radio and television.

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