Corporate Finance Case Questions essay
a) The after-tax cash flows for the two options are: b) The Net Present Value (NPV) of the two alternatives using an after-tax cost of debt of 8% is: c) Based on the NPVs of the two alternatives, I would recommend JLB Corporation to purchase the research equipment as it has a lower cash outflow than the leasing alternative. The cash flow after the three –year period is identical for both the alternatives thus the difference in the present value of the outflows of the three years is the basis for this recommendation.
Conversion Price = a) Conversion Price = Conversion Price = $50/stock b) Conversion Price = Conversion Price = $20/stock c) Conversion Price = Conversion Price = $20/stock a)  Straight-debt value = PV of Loan Payments – Value of Warrants = $3,224,574.60 – $50,000 = $3,174,574.60
 Implied Price of all warrants = $102,500
 Implied Price of each warrant = $102,500 / 50,000 = $2.05/warrant
 Theoretical Value of a warrant = Book value = $1/warrant
b) I think the price of debt with the warrants is too low with the warrants. The price of the straight-debt is 5.82% which, in comparison with the price of the debt (no warrants), is quite low. c) The cost of debt (without warrants) is 7% while the cost of straight-debt with warrants is 5.82%. In the light of this comparison, I would recommend that the financing be carried out by issuing a debt with warrants. d)  Debt amount: $3,000,000 Interest expense: $300,000
 The following will be the after-tax cash flows for the next three years under the debt (with warrants) alternative:
 The PV of the cash flows using a discount rate of 5.82% is: ($2,704,800.04). e)  The following will be the after-tax cash flows for the next three years under the financial lease alternative:  The PV of the cash flows using a discount rate of 5.82% is: ($2,116,656.45). Problem 17-1: a) If the Connors do not make the acquisition, for the next 15 years Salinas Boots will have the following tax and earnings: Tax Liability = $112,000 Earnings (after-tax) = $168,000 b) Since the acquisition would not change the pre-tax profits, the tax liability would be $112,000 and the after-tax earnings would be $168,000. Both would remain unchanged for the next 15 years. c) Based on the tax considerations, it would be a feasible action for the Connors to acquire Salinas Boots for $350,000 in cash. This is because of the fact that the $800,000 tax loss carry forward can be easily adjusted over the next fifteen years so that the tax liability of Salinas Boots will be lesser and the after-tax earnings would be higher than $168,000 per year. This cumulative earnings over the 15 years will have a higher value than the $350,000 cash payment today. Since Salinas Boots falls under the 40% tax bracket, the carry forward tax loss can be used to save significant amount of tax dollars. Problem 17-11: Ratio of Exchange = Ratio of Exchange = = 1.11 I would expect the share price of Henry Company (after the merger) to e $50.68/share. This is because of the price ratio of the stocks being different from the actual swap stock ratio. This difference will drive the price down from what is would have had been if the two ratios had been the same.
a) Foreign Tax Credit available: Net Funds = $250,000 * (1-33%) * (1-9%) Net Funds = $152,425.00 b) No tax credit Net Funds = $250,000 * (1-33%) * (1-9%) * (1-34%) Net Funds = $100,600.50
The conflict between not paying bribes and maximizing shareholder wealth is clearly inevitable. Paying bribes would mean that the shareholders’ value would be maximized since the cash inflow generated from the bribes would be higher than the outflow of the bribes – this makes sense or else companies would not be paying bribes. If a company does not pay a bribe at all while doing business abroad, it will be confined to ethical standards, however, its competitors would be taking away the benefits of the market by paying the bribes. Thus there exists a conflict between ethics and the accountability towards shareholders of the responsibility to maximize shareholder wealth (Ross, Westerfield & Jaffe, 2008). Foreign competitors paying the bribes would be able to maximize the wealth of their shareholders but at the cost of their ethical values. Thus, it is a very precarious decision that needs to be made for the management of companies operating abroad. The decision to pay bribes naturally would mean shareholder wealth would increase, however, the cost of losing an ethical position for the company could prove to be detrimental in the future. Thus, the choice is a difficult one for management leaders to make and often the pressure of shareholders can lead to companies foregoing their ethical considerations for the return of the shareholders to be decent.
Ross, Stephen E.; Westerfield, Randolph & Jaffe, Jeffrey (2008) Corporate Finance, 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.