Criticism Of Practical Application Of Utopia In

10 October 2017

& # 8220 ; Brave New World & # 8221 ; Essay, Research Paper

Criticism of Practical Application of Utopia in & # 8220 ; Brave New World & # 8221 ;

Debra Ackerman Mrs. Eileen Waite

Criticism of Practical Application of Utopia in Brave New World Aldous

Huxley & # 8217 ; s Brave New World illustrates the loss of morality when established

criterions are replaced by amoral standards. In his novel, Huxley criticizes the

practical applications of Utopia in existent society. Huxley & # 8217 ; s word picture of love,

scientific discipline, and faith support the ineffectualness of implementing Utopia in

mundane life.

In Brave New World, Huxley shows disdain for the human emotion of love.

The people that make up his fanciful society have no construct of love or any

other passion, and really contemn the thought. Huxley believes that along with

passion comes emotional instability. The Utopian province can non afford any sort

of instability and hence can non afford love.

The devastation of the household is one illustration of the consequence of Utopia & # 8217 ; s

absence of love. In a universe of bottled-births, non merely is at that place no demand for a

household, but the thought is really considered obscene. The footings & # 8220 ; mother & # 8221 ; and

& # 8220 ; father & # 8221 ; are highly violative and are seldom used except in scientific discipline.

Huxley uses Mustapha Mond, the World Controller, to portray the

coarseness when he explains the lewdness of life before Utopia to a group of

pupils:

And place was as seamy psychically as physically. Psychically, it was a coney

hole, a midden, hot with the clashs of tightly packed life, smacking with

emotion. What smothering familiarities, what unsafe, insane, obscene

relationships between the members of the household group! ( 37 )

In an earlier transition, Huxley shows the effects of Mond & # 8217 ; s account on

one male child, & # 8220 ; The Controller & # 8217 ; s evocation was so graphic that one of the male childs. . .

turned picket at the mere description and was on the point of being ill & # 8221 ; ( 36 ) .

In world, the household unit is the nucleus of society. Huxley realizes the

importance of the place and household. A place is where people learn to set up

communicating and relationships. Without a household, a individual can non larn these

relationships which are priceless in covering with mundane life in society.

In Utopia, any attack toward monogamousness is out and long term

sexual relationships are discouraged. In the courageous new universe, it is taught that

& # 8220 ; everyone belongs to everyone else. & # 8221 ; Excessive sex with many spouses is

considered normal and even expected. In a conversation between two of the

female characters, Huxley illustrates Utopia & # 8217 ; s positions on monogamousnesss through Fanny

Crowne, & # 8220 ; I truly do believe you ought to be careful. It & # 8217 ; s such dreadfully bad signifier

to travel on and on like this with one adult male & # 8221 ; ( 40 ) . In Huxley & # 8217 ; s Utopia, holding sex

with merely one spouse is non acceptable.

Sexual pleasance in this universe is greatly degraded. Promiscuity is

considered a virtuousness, unlike existent society where promiscuous adult females are thought

to be rubbishy and inexpensive. Children are taught at a immature age to be explorative in

their sexual behaviour. Children who seem cautiouss and embarrassed about their

organic structures are taken for psychological testing.

Huxley criticizes the thought of the absence of love in Utopia. In existent

society, love is a august emotion. Our society can non be without passion

because it is the foundation of all relationships. Unlike Utopia, sexual

relationships can non be degraded because they are the manifestation of love.

Huxley & # 8217 ; s representation of Utopia in footings of technological development is

a universe that is enslaved by scientific discipline. Everything in this universe is owed to

scientific discipline. Huxley refers to scientific use stating, & # 8220 ; out of the kingdom of

mere slavish imitation of nature into the much more interesting universe of huma

N

innovation & # 8221 ; ( 12 ) .

Not merely are people born, or in this sense created, by scientific agencies,

but they are besides conditioned to believe and populate a certain manner through scientific discipline.

Even before babes are born, they are treated to a specific sum of O, or

a specific temperature in order for them to be conditioned to suit into a certain

caste. In the novel, Henry Foster explains this procedure to the pupils stating:

We besides predestine and status. We decant our babes as socialised homo

existences, as Alphas or Epsilons, as future sewerage workers, or hereafter. . .

Directors of Hatcheries. ( 12 )

In Brave New World, scientific discipline and engineering are used non to assist society,

but to command society. From the clip that the embryos are in each bottle to

the clip of decease for each individual, scientific discipline is moving as a accountant, governing

over every single life.

Although their universe is based on scientific discipline and engineering, the leaders of

Utopia know that & # 8220 ; scientific discipline is unsafe ; [ they ] have to maintain it most carefully

chained and muzzled & # 8221 ; ( 231 ) . In a universe where & # 8220 ; Community, Identity, and

Stability & # 8221 ; is the chief aim, scientific promotion is unacceptable. As

the World Controller explains, scientific discipline is & # 8220 ; . . . another point in the cost of

stableness. . . incompatible with felicity & # 8221 ; ( 231 ) . Huxley knows that along

with scientific discipline comes alteration and in his Utopia, no 1 can afford alteration. By

giving alteration, the accountants of the courageous new universe are keeping

stableness.

In our society, adult male controls scientific discipline to profit and better the quality

of life. Conversely, in Utopia scientific discipline controls mankind. In a universe where so

much accent is placed on individuality and human enterprise, the applications

of this policy are unrealistic. Huxley is cognizant of this absurdness and

knock its practicality in mundane life.

In Brave New World, Huxley shows how the forfeit of a God must be made

in order for the stableness of Utopia to be maintained. Any spiritual book is

considered to be adult. All old Bibles are locked off and out to

be read. As Mustapha Mond provinces, & # 8220 ; God in the safe. . . & # 8221 ; ( 237 ) . The people

who occupy Utopia can non be exposed to the Bibles because & # 8220 ; . . . they & # 8217 ; re old ;

they & # 8217 ; re about god 100s of old ages ago. Not about God now & # 8221 ; ( 237 ) . In Brave

New World, God is described as necessary when & # 8220 ; vernal desires fail & # 8221 ; ( 240 ) .

Mond explains that these vernal desires ne’er fail, and hence there is no

demand for a & # 8220 ; replacement for distraction & # 8221 ; ( 240 ) . Huxley illustrates the ground

for the absence of a God through Mond & # 8217 ; s account to the barbarian:

Name it the mistake of civilisation. God International Relations and Security Network & # 8217 ; t compatible with machinery and

scientific medical specialty and cosmopolitan felicity. You must do your pick. Our

civilisation has chosen machinery and medical specialty and felicity. That & # 8217 ; s why I have

to maintain these books locked up in the safe. They & # 8217 ; re carbon black. ( 240 )

Peoples in existent society topographic point a enormous importance on faith and

God. Not merely are beliefs formed and based upon spiritual instructions, but

faith is besides the moral fibre of a community. Huxley is cognizant that society

can non work without faith or a God. This belief is portrayed throughout

the novel.

Brave New World presents a awful position of a future civilisation

which has forgotten current ethical motives and criterions. Alternatively of worlds commanding

scientific discipline and their lives, scientific discipline controls worlds, and World Controllers decide

all regulations which are intended to model society into a stable community. Huxley & # 8217 ; s

unfavorable judgment of this community portrays the impractical application of Utopia in

existent society.

Plants Cited

Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper Collins, 1989.

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