Cuba Essay Research Paper The Cuban revolution
Cuba Essay, Research Paper
The Cuban revolution was one that transformed Cuba into an independent socialist society. This revolution sent a message around the Earth. The message: ? Socialism can be achieved and capitalist economy, with its civilization depriving mechanism? s can be supplemented? . However, the revolution did go forth its grade on Cuba. This can be seen in the events that took topographic point during the early phases of the revolution. The effects of the revolution were positive for certain subdivisions of the population and negative for others.
The hegira of the bulk of skilled workers brought about a rapid alteration in the methods employed in educating Cuba? s population. If the revolution was to be successful, Cuba needed to replace the skilled workers that left with other skilled workers in the shortest sum of clip possible. In 1961, the radical authorities developed a countrywide run to free Cuba of illiteracy. The plan was given mottos like? The people should learn the people and If you don? T know learn ; if you know learn? . This plan consisted of voluntary instructors who would assist illiterate Cubans increase their instruction by learning them the basicss. Harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? ( The literacy run ) helped to incorporate town and county and to startle support for radical ends by conveying urban and rural populations into direct contact. ( p. 41 ) ? Besides, harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? Registration in grownup instruction rose dramatically from 66,577 pupils in the 1960-1961 school twelvemonth to a extremum of 842,024 pupils in the 1964-1965 school twelvemonth, but plummeted to 309,717 pupils in 1969-1970. ( P. 42 ) ? This plan benefited the poorer citizens of Cuba who remained in Cuba. They were now able to have a nice instruction, which helped develop critical accomplishments needed for life in a socialist Cuba.
Another plan that benefited the Cuban people was the Fidelista plan. The Fidelista plan was implemented in the late 1960? s. The Fidelista provided endeavors with a semi-autonomous theoretical account of operation. The Fidelista plan stressed moral instead than material inducements. The accent of the plan was placed on making the? new adult male? . The? new adult male? would exercise a certain degree of patriotism by giving his ain single demands for those of the common good. Harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? the Fidelista plan non merely pared the administrative setup to a lower limit but it besides rotated administrative forces to forestall the inclination to settle in and see oneself? indispensable? . In add-on, administrative cells were sent out of their office? s to cover with production jobs on the topographic point instead than sitting behind a desk. Besides, fewer administrative forces, fewer regulations to be imposed on production units, less information and fewer signifiers to be sent up and down the administrative setup, less ruddy tape altogether- these were the ends of the anti -bureaucratic revolution ( p. 54 ) ? . This plan benefited the workers in Cuba in two ways. First, by directing the administrative cells out of their offices and into the on the job Fieldss, a sense of integrity was likely exhibited among the Cuban population. Second, the Fidelista plan instilled a strong sense of patriotism into the citizens of Cuba. This sense of patriotism was present during the attempted production of 10 million dozenss of sugar. Here, many Cubans sacrificed their ain opportunism for the greater good of the society. Harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? Sometimes whole production units would perpetrate themselves to voluntary labour. Some of their figure would travel off the sugar field, for illustration, while being paid their regular rewards, and their leftover colleagues would counterbalance for their absence with more intensive labour or unpaid overtime? ( p.57 ) .
One subdivision of the population that was neg
atively effected in the class of the revolution was the old cells. Prior to the 1970? s the old cells received and retained outstanding places in the disposal chiefly through political association and work experience. However, after the 1970? s alterations began to take topographic point in Cuba. No longer would political association warrant a place in the disposal. Education as a agency of deriving a outstanding place began to take precedency over political association. The old cells of Cuba found themselves with two options. The first, they could take up formal survey and remain in their place. The 2nd, they would be replaced by the new educated professionals. The old cells faced this passage with ill will. Harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? Old cell decision makers long continued to engage and advance their old cell? brothers? over new professional rivals? ( p.62 ) . Finally the radical leading stepped in and criticized the old cells. They used labels such as incompetency, hapless workstyles, buddyism, and publicity by senior status to depict the old cells. They ( radical leaders ) opted to transfuse a gradual passage, which would do? minimum opposition? from the old cells.
This passage overlaps into another subdivision of the population that was positively effected by the revolution, the kids of the uneducated in Cuba. Harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? The fact that the parents of up to 3 quarters of new entrants to the University of Havana in that twelvemonth had no more than a basic secondary instruction suggests a dramatic redistribution of educational chances in the first decennary of the revolution? p. 105. By the 1970? s Cuba had about caught up to the drain of skilled workers caused by the hegira. By 1980, there were an estimated 532,980 secondary school alumnuss in Cuba, over 4.5 times every bit many as in 1959 ( p. 103 ) .
Another subdivision of the population that was positively effected by the passage to new professionals was adult females. Womans began to do up a considerable portion of the Cuban work force. Harmonizing to Fitzgerald, ? By 1980, adult females made up 31.4 per centum of the Cuban labour force. In add-on, adult females comprised 42.7 per centum of all Cuban? s who had been graduated as medium-level technicians, at the lower degree of the new professional class and 40.1 per centum of all those who had received higher instruction grades? ( p.106 ) .
The Cuban revolution had its victors and its also-rans. The victors ( those positively effected ) would look to be the common adult male or adult females. They beared informant to a complete passage into a socialist government. In the early phases of the revolution, the leader ( Fidel Castro ) halved rents, increased rewards and employment, expanded wellness and instruction services and put 70 per centum of the land and 90 to 100 per centum of industry, commercialism, banking and foreign trade in the custodies of the province ( p. 21 ) . The also-rans ( those negatively effected ) of the revolution were the affluent and in-between category Cuban citizens, the bulk of which sought safety in the United States. With the autumn of the Soviet Union, Cuba now stands at a hamlets. The conflict call has changed from? Socialism or decease to Resist, battle and win? ( Castro? s Cuba II ) . Hopefully, Castro and/or Cuba will non be forced into a market-based economic system and all the mercenary trade goods that go along with capitalist economy. In my sentiment, Castro should keep out for every bit long as possible colic to the former conflict call? Socialism or decease? . Lone clip will state what the destiny of Castro? s Cuba will be. Trade might one time once more boom the economic system, touristry might open up new economic chances and foreign investings from Italy, France and Spain could perchance delve Cuba out the current economic hole it? s in. Until so nevertheless, the conflict against capitalist economy must non lose any of its energy.