Cuban Embargo Essay Research Paper The Cuban

9 September 2017

Cuban Embargo Essay, Research Paper

The Cuban Embargo: Punishing the Children for the Sins of the Father

The key to understanding the foreign policy of a state province is understanding that

province? s national involvement. The key to successful foreign policy is, as Henry Kissinger

stated in 1998, specifying? an accomplishable aim? . Therefore United States policy towards

Cuba fails because it neglects these two key ingredients of foreign policy. The United states

trade stoppage of Cuba is four decennaries old and no longer serves the state? s national involvement,

instead it has proven to be a economic and political hinderance for the US. The trade stoppage

besides falls short in footings of holding an accomplishable end, since many of the petitions that

embargo statute law calls for are merely non within the ability of the Cuban province. By

analyzing the countenances and their economic, political, and human-centered affect on both

the Us and Cuba a strong instance can be made for a alteration of US policy.

United states policy towards Cuba and the authorities of Fidel Castro has, since the

1960? s, been a policy based on the aims of taking Castro, establishing a

democratic system, and deriving reparations for confiscated US retentions. The initial

countenances were instituted because the US considered the close propinquity of a Communist

province to be a national security menace, and besides because Castro? s government confiscated US

retentions, and therefore US control, on the island. By ordaining a policy that one-sidedly cut

Cuba off from economic and political contact with the US, the US felt that it could coerce

Castro from power. In the decennaries since the trade stoppage? s construct statute law has been

created to even further implement these constructs. In 1992 Congress passed the Cuban

Democracy Act, which prohibited US subordinates abroad from holding concern dealingss

with Cuba ( Ratliff and Fontaine 22 ) . This jurisprudence pushed Cuban net incomes even further from

the appreciation of US concerns. Three old ages subsequently when the economic countenances of the Cuban

Democracy Act had failed to throw out Castro from power, the US Congress one time once more

increased the criterions Cuba most adhere to for the trade stoppage to be lifted. It

accomplished this by go throughing the Helms-Burton Law. Three of the declared intents of the

helms-Burton Law focal point on the democratisation of the Cuban authorities, two trade with

protecting the US, and the last one is concerned with planetary countenances. The jurisprudence besides

increases the sum of compensation Cuba most wage before the US will drop the

countenances. The Helms-Burton jurisprudence, by take a firm standing that Cuba pay compensation to over

400,000 Cuban Americans, makes it literally impossible for the Cuban province to make the

US? s footings.

Embargo protagonists claim that countenances against Cuba must be maintained

because Cuba is still a national security menace to the US, nevertheless current facts about

security reveal this to merely be untrue. Initially, Castro? s socialist platform and confederation

with the Soviet Union did so present a menace to American security. The ground for this

is that the province of international political relations in that epoch was one of bipolarism between

liberalism and communism. This meant that the US felt that its balance of power in its

ain hemisphere was being threatened by the Soviet? s presence in Cuba. Besides the

Soviet? s armament of Cuba posed a terrible menace to US security, as was seen during the

Cuban missile crisis. However, with the autumn of the Soviet axis, Cuba ceased to be an

issue of national security. Present twenty-four hours Cuba does non hold the economic ability or

military ability to be a menace to the US. This decision was purportedly supported by a

classified study issued by the Defense Intelligence Agency in 1998 ( Ratliff and Fontaine

31 ) . Many embargo protagonists disagree with this statement stating that Cuba is still a

base for intelligence activities and that Castro could develop biological arms to utilize

against the US. If these concerns are really warranted, so would non US security be

better served by raising the trade stoppage so that the US intelligence community can break

proctor these Cuban? menaces? ?

The US trade stoppage proves to be uneffective in both democratising Cuba or

taking Castro from power. US countenances against Cuba have been held for the last

40 old ages or so and Cuba is still really socialist society. Besides Castro? s power has non

wavered in any important manner that would bespeak that the trade stoppage was working. US

policy shapers feel that by enfeebling the Cuban economic system that it will be able to

influence the Cuban people to lift up in rebellion against Castro. In many ways the

trade stoppage has precisely the opposite consequence on reformists with in Cuba. By fastening

countenances on the island the US is aching those people who would be the most likely to

rebellion, the people of Cuba. Sanctions have made it necessary for the Cuban people to

rely really to a great extent upon the authorities for basic demands like vesture and nutrient. Since there

are no outside markets for Cubans to purchase from they most accept what the Castro

authorities doles out. It would travel against a individual? s common sense to arise against the

individual or people on whom he or she was wholly dependent. If Cubans need Castro they

are really improbable to take the hazard of subverting him for fright of penalty. The

countenances besides increase the unlikelih

ood of rebellion because it has increased the category

divisions. Class mobility is really hard in even the most booming economic systems and is

really about impossible in a non-solvent economic system. Therefore those with power maintain that

influence while those without power have no hope of deriving more influence than that

which they were born into. Of those who have power the armed forces is most decidedly in

this class. The Cuban armed forces, which is controlled by Castro, has a great trade of

authorization and has made it clear that it will utilize all its force to quash manque reformists.

Dependence on Castro? s authorities, a deficiency of economic independency, and fright of a

strong loyal military brand reforms really rare and really unsafe for those who would

establish them.

Current United states policy towards Cuba does non function US economic involvements because it

blocks off a really profitable market from US husbandmans and concerns and hinders

consumers from acquiring the best possible monetary values. In 1999 the American Farm Bureau

Federation stated that without US countenances agricultural trade with Cuba would amount

to $ 500 billion ab initio. It besides estimated that this would rapidly turn to $ 2 billion in

five old ages or less. An article written in May 2000 for entitled US Farmers

Lobby to Ease Cuba Sanctions states that Cuba imports $ 700 million dollars of nutrient a

twelvemonth. For fighting US husbandmans this immense market would be vastly helpful in doing

usage of their untapped and severely needed wheat and rice markets. Farming is non the lone

concern enduring from the trade stoppage. A lifting of US countenances would besides assist US

pharmaceutical companies. Currently Cuba has really small entree to medicate, particularly

new medicines. Most late developed medical specialties are created by US companies.

Cuba? s terrible deficiency of medical supplies would do it a really profitable country of export for

the pharmaceutical companies. The trade stoppage besides effects the monetary value of some goods in the

US. The goods noticeable effected are citrus and sugar, which are produced in

copiousness in Cuba. Opening the United states market to merchandise with Cuba would make

competition between Cuban manufacturers of these goods and US manufacturers which would

finally lead to lower monetary values for consumers. Not merely would competition take down the

monetary value of goods but cheaper importation costs would besides take down the monetary value since the US could

import some goods from Cuba instead than from states that are farther off. An

moderation of countenances on Cuba would assist better US concerns and therefore should be in the

state? s national involvement.

The US has frequently claimed ethical motives evidences for the trade stoppage, and yet US imposed

countenances on Cuba are considered by the international community to immoral as they

badly compromise the wellness and safety of Cubans. A 1997 study by the American

Association for World Health concludes that the US trade stoppage has caused a important

rise in suffering-and even deaths-in Cuba. It states that the trade stoppage has caused

malnutrition among Cubans, hapless H2O quality, and a terrible lessening in the handiness

of medicines and medical equipment. The US trade stoppage denies Cuba entree to

interventions for diseases such as AIDS, chest malignant neoplastic disease, kid leukaemia, and cardiac unwellness.

The US authorities has spent tremendous sums of clip and money on research to

prevent these unwellnesss because of their atrocious impact on human life and yet the United states is

wittingly leting the Cuban people to endure. The status of the Cuban medical

pattern is in many ways that of a 3rd universe state, even though it is merely 90 stat mis

from the seashore of a universe world power. It is obvious that the trade stoppage is non impacting its

desired mark, Castro and his protagonists. Alternatively it is doing unneeded agony

amongst the common people of Cuba.

While it is clear that both the US and the Cuban people would greatly profit

from a one-sided lifting of the trade stoppage, it is besides clear that due to Cuban-American

buttonholing influence merely partial alterations can be made. Cuban-Americans are one of the

most to a great extent politicized minority groups and stand for a big vote block in the

state, but most particularly New Jersey and Florida. Cuban-American influence in

Florida is really of import because of the province? s 25 electoral ballots. The anteroom can utilize

these ballots to derive favour with any presidential aspirant. It is obvious that countenances on

Cuba can non merely be lifted but instead must be peeled off one bed at a clip to be

successful. A skining off of the first bed started in October 2000 when Congress

passed statute law to let nutrient and medical specialties to be sold to Cuba. A canvass in the Miami

Herald indicated that this measure had the support of over 60 % of the Cuban-American

community. This step, nevertheless, is unequal because it still prohibits US funding

of these gross revenues, public or private. That proviso makes the new statute law fundamentally null.

The US authorities should to the full drop statute law against the sale of nutrient and medical specialty to

Cuba. The US should in respects to these two points allow and endorse trade with Cuba as

it does with other states. Such a policy, while apparently little, would profit

American concerns and assist increase the wellness of the Cuban people and besides would

receive plenty support to be passed through Congress.

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