Customs and Traditions


and Traditions

So many states so many imposts, an English adage says. The combination of the words tradition & A ; usage means a usual mode of making smth, a believe of chief, of behavior passed on from coevals to coevals. English traditions can be subdivided into the traditions covering with private life of the English national & A ; spiritual vacations, public jubilations, traditional ceremonials & A ; traditional sporting events. A great figure of imposts & A ; traditions day of the month back to the early yearss of GB & A ; we can rightly state that they are the contemplation of the state ” s history & A ; the peoples phyhology. To cognize the imposts & A ; traditions means to understand the people, their art & A ; civilization better. In the affair of vacations the British are less good off than other Europeans. They have such vacations celebrated: New Years Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday, Summer Bank Holiday, Christmas Day & A ; Boxing Day.

The British have many traditions, manners & A ; imposts of which they can be proud. England has preserved it ‘s old ceremonials & A ; traditions to a greater extend than any other state in the universe. Most of this traditions have been kept up without break since the 13th century. Foreigners coming to England are impressed by a great figure of ceremonials which seem to be incompatible with the modern traffic & A ; proficient conditions of a extremely developed state.

Some British imposts and traditions are celebrated all over the universe. Bowler chapeaus, tea and speaking about the conditions, for illustration. But what about the others? Who was Guy Fawkes? Why does the Queen have two birthdays? And what is the word “ saloon ” short for?

From Scotland to Cornwall, Britain is full of imposts and traditions. A batch of them have really long histories. Some are amusing and some are unusual. But they ‘re all interesting. There are all the traditions of British athletics and music. There ‘s the long bill of fare of traditional British nutrient. There are many royal occasions. There are vocals, expressions and superstitious notions. They are all portion of the British manner of life.

A twelvemonth in Britain A twelvemonth in Britain
Up-HeIIy-Aa Up-HeIIy-Aa

The Shetlands are islands near Scotland. In the 9th centurv, work forces from Norway came to the Shetlands. These were the Vikings. They came to Britain in ships and carried off animate beings, gold, and sometimes adult females and kids, excessively.

Now, 1, OOO old ages subsequently, people in the Shetlands retrieve the Vikings with a festival. Fhey call the festival “ Up-Helly-Aa ” .

Every winter the people of Lerwick, a town in the Shetlands, make a theoretical account of a ship. It ‘s a Viking “ long-ship ” , with the caput of a firedrake at the forepart. Then, on Up-Helly-Aa dark in January, the Shetlanders frock in Viking apparels. They carry the ship through the town to the sea. There they burn it. They do this because the Vikings put their dead work forces in ships and burned them. But there are n’t any work forces in the modern ships. Now the festival is a party for the people of the Shetland Islands.

St Valentine ‘s Day St Valentine ‘s Day

St Valentine is the saint of people in love, and St Valentine ‘s Day is February 14th. On that twenty-four hours, people send Valentine cards and nowadayss to their hubbies, married womans, fellows and girlfriends. You can besides direct a card to a individual you do n’t cognize. But traditionally you must ne’er compose your name on it. Some British newspapers have a page for Valentine ‘s Day messages on Februarv 14th.

St David ‘s Day St David ‘s Day

March 1st is a really of import twenty-four hours for Welsh people. It ‘s St David ‘s Day. He ‘s the “ frequenter ” or national saint of Wales.

On March 1st, the Welsh celebrate St David ‘s Day and have on Narcissus pseudonarcissuss in the button holes of their coats or jackets.


April Fool ‘s Day April Fool ‘s Day

April 1st is April Fool ‘s Day in Britain. This is a really old tr~dition from the Middle Ages ( between the fifth and 15th centuries ) . At that clip the retainers were Masterss for one twenty-four hours of the twelvemonth. They gave orders to their Masterss, and their Masterss had to obey.

Now April Fool ‘s Day is different. It ‘s a twenty-four hours for gags and fast ones.

May Day May Day

May 1st was an of import twenty-four hours in the Middle Ages. In the really early forenoon, immature misss went to the Fieldss and washed their faces with dew. They believed this made them really beautiful for a twelvemonth affer that. Besides on May Day the immature work forces of each small town tried to win awards with their bows and pointers, and people danced round the maypole.

Many English-villages still have a maypole, and on May 1st, the villagers dance unit of ammunition it. You can see one in the image below.

Midsummer ‘s Day Midsummer ‘s Day

Midsummer ‘s Day, June 24th, is the longest twenty-four hours of the twelvemonth. On that twenty-four hours you can see a really old usage at Stonehenge, in Wiltshire, England. Stonehenge is one of Europe ‘s biggest rock circles. A batch of the rocks are 10 or 12 meters high. It ‘s besides really old. The earliest portion of Stonehenge is about 5,000 old ages old.

But what was Stonehenge? A holy topographic point? A market? Or was it a sort of calendar? We think the Druids used it for a calendar. The Druids were the priests in Britain 2,000 old ages ago. They used the Sun and the rocks at Stonehenge to cognize the start of months and seasons. There are Druids in Britain today, excessively. And every June 24th a batch of them go to Stonehenge. On that forenoon the Sun radiances on one celebrated rock – the Heel rock. For the Druids this is a really of import minute in the twelvemonth. But for a batch of British people it ‘s merely a unusual old usage.


Hallowe’en Hallowe’en

October 31st is Hallowe’en, and you can anticipate to run into enchantresss and shades that dark. Hallowe’en is an old word for “ Hallows Evening ” , the dark before “ All Hallows ” or “ All Saints ‘ Day ”

On Thai one dark of the twelvemonth, shades and enchantresss are free. Well, that ‘s the traditional narrative. A long clip ago people were afraid and stayed at place on Hallowe’en. But now in Britain its a clip for merriment. There are ever a batch of parties on October 31st. At these parties people wear masks and they dress as shades and enchantresss, or as Dracula or Frankenstein ‘s monster. And some people make particular Hallowe’en lamps Irom a big fruit the Cucurbita pepo.

First they take out the center of the Cucurbita pepo. Ihen they cut holes for the eyes, nose and mouth. Finally they put a taper inside the Cucurbita pepo.

Guy Fawkes ‘ Day Guy Fawkes ‘ Day

November 5th is Guy Faw kes Day in Britain. All over the state people build wood fires or & # 8220 ; bonfires & # 8221 ; , in their gardens. On top of each balefire is a cat. That ‘s a figure of Guy Fawkes. Peoples make cats with straw, old apparels and newspapers. But before November 5th, kids use their cats to do money They stand in the street and cry “ Penny for the cat ” . Then they spend the money on pyrotechnics. But how did this tradition get down? Who was Guy Fawkes and why do the British remember him on November 5th?

On November fifth 1605, Guy Fawkes tried to kill King James I. He and a group of friends put a bomb under the Houses of Parliament in London. But the King ‘s work forces found the bomb and they found Guy Fawkes, excessively. They took him to the Tower of London and there the King ‘s work forces cut off his caput.


Christmas and the New Year Christmas and the New Year

There are tonss of Christmas and New Year traditions in Britain.

For illustration…

London ‘s Ghristmas ornaments
Every twelvemonth the people 9f Norway give the metropolis of London a present.. It ‘s a large Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Besides in cardinal London, Oxford Street and Regent Street ever have beautiful ornaments at Christmas. Thousands of people come to look at them.

Card games, trees and mistletoe
In 1846 the first Christmas cards began in Britain. That was five old ages after the first Christmas tree. Queen

Victoria ‘s hubby, Prince Albert, brought this German tradition ( he was German ) to Britain. He and the Queen had a Christmas tree at Windsor Castle in 1841. A few old ages after, about every house in Britain had one.

Traditionally people decorate their trees on Christmas Eve – that ‘s December 24th. They take down the ornaments twelve yearss subsequently, on Twelfth Night ( January 5th ) .

An older tradition is Christmas mistletoe. Peoples put a piece of this green works with its white berries over a door. Mistletoe brings good fortune, people say. Besides, at Christmas British people kiss their friends and household under the mistletoe.


Before Christmas, groups of vocalists go from house to house. They collect money and sing traditional Christmas vocals or carols. There are a batch of really popular British Christmas carols. Three fanous 1s are:

“ Good King Wenceslas ” , “ The Holly and The Ivy ” and “ We Three Kings ” .

Christmas Eve

British kids do n’t open their nowadayss on December 24th. Father Christmas brings their nowadayss in the dark. Then they open them on the forenoon of the 25th.

There ‘s another name for Father Christmas in Britain -Santa Claus. That comes from the European name for him -Saint Nicholas. In the traditional narrative he lives at the NorthPole. But now he lives in large stores in towns and metropoliss all overBritain. Well, that ‘s where kids see him in November and

December. Then on Christmas Eve he visits every house. Heclimbs down the chimney and leaves tonss of nowadayss. Some people leave something for him,
excessively. A glass of vino and some biscuits, for illustration.

Christmas Day

In Britain the most of import repast on December 25th is

Christmas dinner. About all Christmas nutrient is traditional, but a batch of the traditions are non really old. For illustration, there were no Meleagris gallopavos in Britain before 1800. And even in the 19th century, goose was the traditional meat at Christmas. But non now.

A twentieth-century British Christmas dinner is roast Meleagris gallopavo with carrots, murphies, peas, Brussels sprouts and gravy. There are sausages and bacon excessively. Then, after the Meleagris gallopavo, there ‘s Christmas pudding. You can read about that in the chapter on nutrient.

Crackers are besides usual at Christmas dinner. These came to Britain from China in the 19th century. Two people pull a cracker. Normally there ‘s a little plaything in the center. Often there ‘s a gag on a piece of paper, excessively. Most of the gags in Christmas crackers are non really good. Here ‘s an illustration:

Customer: Waiter, there ‘s a toad in my soup.

Waiter: Yes, sir, the fly ‘s on vacation.

Boxing Day

December 26th is Boxing Day. Traditionally boys from the stores in each town asked for money at Christmas. They went from house to house on December 26th and took boxes made of wood with them. At each house people gave them money. This was a Christmas nowadays. So the name of December 26th does n’t come from the athletics of packaging – it comes from the male childs ‘ wooden boxes. Now, Boxing Day is an excess vacation after Christmas Day.

First Footing

In Scotland the name for New Year ‘s Eve is Hogmanay. Affer midnight people visit their friends. And they take a present – a piece of coal. Why? Because traditionally the first visitant of the twelvemonth must transport coal into the house. This is “ first terms ” . It brings good fortune. It besides helps to do a fire in the center of winter.

New Year Resolutions
What are your worst mistakes? Do you desire to alter them? InBritain a batch of people make New Year Resolutions on the eventide of December 31st. For illustration, “ I ‘ll acquire up early every forenoon following ~ or ”I ‘ll clean my places every twenty-four hours. ” But there ‘s a job. Most people forget their New Year Resolutions on January 2nd.

Royal traditions Royal traditions

The Queen is the lone individual in Britain with two birthdays. Her existent birthday is on April 21st, but she has an “ official ” birthday, excessively. That ‘s on the 2nd Saturday in June. And on the Queen ‘s official birthday, there is a traditional ceremonial called the Trooping of the Colour. It ‘s a large parade with brass sets and 100s of soldiers at Horse Guards ‘ Parade in London. A “ regiment ” of the Queen ‘s soldiers, the Guards, March in forepart of her. At the forepart of the parade is the regiment ‘s flag or “ color ” .

The Guards are parading the coloring material. Thousands of Londoners and visitants watch in Horse Guards ‘ Parade. And 1000000s of people at place ticker it on telecasting.


This happens every twenty-four hours at Buckingham Palace, the Queen ‘s place in London. Soldiers stand in forepart of the castle. Each forenoon these soldiers ( the “ guard ” ) alteration. One group leaves and another arrives. In summer and winter tourers stand outside the castle at 11.30 every forenoon and watch the Changing of the Guard.


Maun4y Thursday is the twenty-four hours before Good Friday, at Easter. On that twenty-four hours the Queen gives Maundy money to a group of old people. This tradition is over 1,000 old ages old. At one clip the male monarch or queen washed the pess of hapless, old pedple on Maundy Thursday. That stopped in 1754.


Here ‘s a really different royal tradition. On the River Thames there are 100s of swans. A batch of these beautiful white birds belong, traditionally, to the male monarch or queen. In July the immature swans on the Thames are about two months old. Then the Queen ‘s swan keeper goes, in a boat, from London Bridge to Henley. He looks at all the immature swans and marks the royal 1s. The name of this unusual but interesting usage is Swan Upping.


This usage is non really old, but it ‘s for really old people. On his or her one hundredth birthday, a British individual gets a wire from the Queen.



Twice a twelvemonth at Buckingham Palace, the Queen gives rubrics or

“ honours ” , one time in January and one time in June. There are a batch of different honours. Here are a few:

C.B.E. –
Companion of the British Empire

O.B.E. –
Order of the British Empire

M.B.E. –
Member of the British Empire

( These honours began in the 19th century. Then Britain

had an imperium. )

a knight has “ Sir ” before his name. A new knight kneels in forepart of the Queen. She touches foremost his right shoulder, so his left shoulder with a blade. Then she says “ Arise, Sir. . . [ his first name ] ” , and the knight stands.

– a pee~ is a Godhead. Peers sit in the House of Lords. That ‘s one portion of the Houses of Parliament. The other portion is the House of Commons. Peers call the House of Commons “ another topographic point ” .

– these are two of the highest honours for a adult female.


Parliament, non the Royal Family, controls modern Britain. But traditionally the Queen opens Parliament every fall. She travels from Buckingham Palace to the Houses ofParliament in a gold passenger car – the Irish State Coach. At theHouses of Parliament the Queen sits on a & # 8220 ; throne & # 8221 ; in theHouse of Lords. Then she reads the & # 8220 ; Queen ‘s Speech & # 8221 ; . AtState Opening of Parliament the Queen wears a Crown. Shewears other gems from the Crown Jewels, excessively.


The Order of the Garter ceremonial has a long history. King Edward III started the Order in the 14th centur ‘ , that clip, the people in the Order were the twent ‘ , four bravest knights inEngland. Now the knights of tetrahydrocannabinol Order are n’t all soldiers. They ‘re members of the House of Lords, church leaders or politicians. There are some foreign knights, excessively. For illustration, the King of Norway, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg and the Emperor of Japan. They ‘re called Extra Knights of the Garter. The Queen is the Sovereign of theOrder of the Garter. But she is n’t the lone royal individual in the Order. Prince Charles and Prince Philip are Royal Knights, and the Queen Mother is a Lady of the Garter.

In June the Order his a traditional ceremonial at Windsor Castle. This is the Queen ‘s favorite palace. It ‘s besides the place of the Order ~ the Garter. All the knights walk from the palace to St George ‘s Chapel. the royal church at Windsor. They wear the traditional Clt ) tetrahydrocannabinol or “ robes ” of the Order. These robes are verv heavv. In tact King Edward VIII one time called them ‘ridiculous ” . But they ‘re an of import portion of one ot Britain ‘s oldest traditions.


Now here ‘s a modern royal usage. On Christmas Day at 3.00 in the afternoon the Queen makes a address on wireless and Television. It ‘s 10 proceedingss long. In it she talks to the people of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth is a big group of states. In the yesteryear they were all in the British Empire. Australia, India, Canada and New Zealand are among the 49 members.

The B.B.C. ( the British Broadcasting Corporation ) sends the Queen ‘s address to every Commonwealth countrv. In her address the Queen negotiations about the past twelvemonth. Traditionallv in addresss, male monarchs or Queenss say & # 8220 ; we & # 8221 ; non & # 8220 ; I & # 8221 ; Queen Elizabeth II does n’t make this. She says & # 8220 ; My hubby and I & # 8221 ; or merely ‘I ” .

The Queen does n’t do her address onChristrnas Day. She films it a few hebdomads earlier. Then she spends Christmas with her family at Windsor. Does she watch the address on Television? Cipher knows.

Songs, expressions and superstitious notions

There are 1000s of traditional vocals and expressions in English. Many of them tell rocks about British historv. For illustration, here ‘s one about the Great Plague.

Ring-a-ring-a roses

A pocket full of bouquets

A-tishoo, a-tishoo

We all fall down.

The Great Plague was an unwellness and it killed 1000000s of people in Europe in the 17th century. One of the marks of the unwellness was j circle of ruddy Markss. Thev looked like roses, and that explains the first line of the vocal. In the 2nd line, “ bouquets ” are little Bunches of flowers. Peoples carried flowers because of the odor of the Plague. “ A-tishoo ” is the sound of a sneezing. That was another mark of the Plague. Then, after a few yearss, people “ fell down ” or died.

How many of these traditional vocals do you cognize?

Happy Birthd
ay To You –
You sing this vocal at birthday parties. Peoples all over the universe sing it.

Auld Lang Syne
– This is a vocal from Scotland. Most people merely sing it one time a twelvemonth, on New Year ‘s Eve. “ Auld LangSyne ” means “ a long clip ago ” . The vocal says, “ we must ne’er bury old friends ” .

God Save The Queen
– This is Britain ‘s national vocal or “ anthem. ”


Do vou believe in good fortune and bad fortune? Most people in the universe have some superstitious notions. These are a few British superstitious notions with long traditions.

Good Fortune

-Black cats are lucky

-Clover is a little works. Usually it has three foliages, but a few have four. A trefoil with four foliages brings good fortune.

-A horseshoe over the door of a new place brings good fortune. But the horseshoe must be the right manner up. l~he fortune runs out of a horseshoe if it ‘s upside down.

-On the first twenty-four hours of the month it ‘s lucky to state ‘White coneies ” .

-It ‘s good fortune to see two magpies ( big black and white birds ) .

-Catch falling foliages in fall and you ‘ll hold good fortune. Everv foliage means a lucky month in the following twelvemonth.

Bad Luck

-Never open an umbrella in the house. That ‘s really bad fortune. Never break a mirror – that means seven old ages ‘ bad fortune. It ‘s bad fortune to see merely one magpie.

-Do n’t walk under a ladder.

-Do n’t walk past soinchodyon the stepss.

-The figure 13 i~ really luckless ( and Friday the 13th is a “ call luckless day of the month ) .


Here are 10 British & # 8220 ; proverbs & # 8221 ; or expressions.

1.Nothing ventured nil gained.

You have to seek or you wo n’t acquire anything.

2.One adult male ‘s repast is another adult male ‘s toxicant.

Peoples frequently do n’t wish the same things.

3. The other adult male ‘s grass is a/way ‘s greener.

You ever think that other people ‘s lives are better than yours.

Do n’t look a gift Equus caballus in the oral cavity.
Do n’t oppugn good fortune.

Every cloud has a Ag liner.

There ‘s ever some Thursday

ing good in bad times.

6. It ‘s no usage shouting over spilt milk.
Do n’t be excessively sad after a little acciden~ .

7. Out of the sauteing pan, into the fire.
From one job to another.

8. Fools haste in where angels fear to step.

Stupid people do things that other people ne’er do.

9. You can take a Equus caballus to H2O but you can non do it imbibe.

You can give a individual a opportunity, but you ca n’t do him or her return it.

10. A stitch in clip saves nine.

Act early and you can salvage a batch of problem.

Food and drink


In a existent English breakfast you have fried eggs, bacon, sausage, tomato and mushrooms. Then there ‘s toast and marmalade. There ‘s an interesting narrative about the word “ marmalade ” . It may come from the Gallic “ Marie est malade ” , or “ Mary is ill. ” That ‘s because a seventeenth-century Queen of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots, liked it. She ever asked for Gallic orange jam when she was badly.


British people eat battercakes on Shrove Tuesday in February or March. For battercakes you need flour, eggs and milk. Then you eat them with sugar and lemon. In some parts of Britain there are pancake races on Shrove Tuesday. Peoples race with a frying pan in one manus. They have to “ flip ” the battercake, throw it in the air and catch it once more in the sauteing pan.


This is the traditional Sunday tiffin from Yorkshire in the North of England. It is now popular all over Britain. Yorkshire pudding is non sweet. It ‘s a simple mixture of eggs, flour and milk, but it ‘s delightful.

Two common veggies with joint beef and Yorkshire pudding are Brussels sprouts and carrots. And of class there ‘s ever gravy. That ‘s a midst, brown sauce. You make gravy with the juice from the meat.


Haggis is a tradinonal nutrient from Scotland. You make it with meat, onions, flour, salt and Piper nigrum. Then you boil it in the tegument from a sheep ‘s tummy – yes, a sheep ‘s tummy.

In Scotland, people eat haggis on Burns Night. Robert Burns ( Scots people call him “ Rabbie ” Burns ) , was a Scots poet in the 18th century. Every twelvemonth Scots people all over the universe retrieve him and read his verse forms.


Tea is Britain ‘s favorite drink. It ‘s besides a repast in the afternoon. You can eat tea at place or in a hotel. Tea at the Ritz hotel in London is really good. You can imbibe Indian or China tea. There are cucumber sandwiches and scones. ( Scones are apparent bars. You eat them with jam and pick. ) There are chocolate bars and pick bars excessively.


Some people make this pudding months before Christmis.

A batch of households have thcir ain Christmas pudding recipe~ .

Some, for illustration, utilize a batch of brandy. Others put in a batch of

fruit or add a Ag coin for good fortune.

Real Christmas puddings ever have a piece of holly on the top. Holly shrubs and trees have ruddy berries at Chris~mas-ume, and so people use holly to adorn their houses for Christmas. The holly on the pudding is portion of the ornament. Besides, you can pour brandy over the pudding and light it with a lucifer.


The first Christians in Rome made hot transverse buttockss two thousand old ages ago. But now they ‘re an Easter tradition in Britain. Here ‘s a storv about hot cross buttockss. In 1800 a widow lived in a house in East London. Her lone boy was a crewman and went to sea. Everv vear she made hot cross buttockss and kept one for him. He ne’er came back, but she kept a roll for him every twelvemonth. Then, after many, old ages, she died. Now, her house is a saloon. It ‘s called ‘The Widow ‘s Son ” . For a long clip people remembered the widow. Every Easter they put a hot cross roll in a particular basket in the saloon. Now the tradition is different. The proprietor of the saloon sells the particular hot cross roll. Then he gives the money to the British Sailors ‘ Societv.


Public houses are an of import portion of British life. People talk, eat, imbibe, run into their friends and loosen up at that place. They are unfastened at lunch period and once more in the eventide. But they close at 11.00 ( 10.30 on Lord’s daies ) . This surprises a batch of tourers. But vou can ever travel to Scotland – the saloons near subsequently there!

The word “ saloon ” is short for “ public house ” . There are 1000s in Britain, and they about all sell saloon tiffins. Oneof these is a Ploughman ‘s Lunch a really simple repast. It ‘s ust staff of life and cheese.

Pubs besides sell beer. ( British beer is ever warm. ) The traditional sort is called & # 8220 ; existent ale & # 8221 ; . That & # 8217 ; sa really strong beer from an old formula.

An of import usage in saloon is ‘buying a. unit of ammunition ” . In a group, one individual buys all the others a drink. This is a “ unit of ammunition ” . Then one by one all the other people but unit of ammunitions, excessively.

If they are with friends, British people sometimes lift their spectacless before they drink and sav “ Cheers This means “ Good fortune ” .

In the saloon in south-west Lngland there~s another traditional drink – scrumpy. You make scrumpy with apples, but it ‘s non a simple fruit juice. It ‘s really really strong.

Pub names frequently have a long tradition. Some come from the thirteenth or 14th century.

Every saloon has a name and every saloon has a mark above its door. The mark shows a image of the saloon ‘s name.


Each state besides has a national “ emblem ” or mark. The English emblem is a ruddy rose. The Welsh emblem is a vegetable or bloom – a scallion or a Narcissus pseudonarcissus. The Scots emblem is a wild works – a thistle. And the Irish emblem is another wild plant- a white clover.

It ‘s traditional in Britain to have on your state ‘s emblem on its saint ‘s twenty-four hours. The scallion does n’t travel in a button hole, so the Welsh frequently wear a Narcissus pseudonarcissus. These are Britain ‘s frequenter saints and their yearss.

England – St George – April 23rd. Ireland – Si Patrick – March 17th. Scotland – St Andrew – November 30th. Wales – St David – March 1st.

The Scots, Welsh and English do n’t truly observe their national saint ‘s yearss. But St Patrick ‘s Day is of import for Irish people all over the universe. In New York, for illustration, the Irish people ever have a large St Patrick ‘s Day parade.

Costumes and apparels

Many British costumes and uniforms have a long history. One is the uniform of the Yeomans at the Tower of London. This came foremost from France. Another is the uniform of the Horse Guards at Horse Guards ‘ Parade, non far from Buckingham Palace. Thousands of visitants take exposure of the Horse Guards, but the Guards ne’er move or smiling. In fact some visitants think the Guards are n’t existent. And that brings us to… Britannia. She wears traditional apparels, excessively. But she & # 8217 ; s non a existent individual. She is symbol of Britain.

Tonss of ordinary apparels have a long tradition. The celebrated bowler chapeau, for illustration. A adult male called Beaulieu made the first one in 1850.

The really cold winters in the Crimea in the war of 1853-56 gave us the names of the cardigan and the balaclava. Lord Cardigan led the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava ( 1854 ) . A “ cardigan ” is now a warm woolen short coat with buttons, and a “ balaclava ” is a woolen chapeau.

Another British soldier, Wellington, gave his name to a brace of boots. They have a shorter name today – “ Wellies ” .raced on the river Thames and the Oxford boat won. That started a tradition. Now, every Spring, the University Boat Race goes from Putney to Mortlake on the Thames. That ‘s 6.7 kilometers. The Cambridge oarsmans wear light blue shirts and the Oxford oarsmans wear dark blue. There are eight work forces in each boat. There ‘s besides a “ cyclooxygenase ” . The cyclooxygenase controls the boat. Traditionally cyclooxygenases are work forces, but Susan Brown became the first adult female cyclooxygenase in 1981. She was the cyclooxygenase for Oxford and they won.


Ascot is a little, quiet town in the South of England. But in June for one hebdomad it becomes the Centre of the horse-racing universe. It ‘s called Royal Ascot because the Queen ever goes to Ascot. She has a batch of race horses and likes to watch racing. But Ascot hebdomad is n’t merely for horseracing. It ‘s for manner, excessively. One adult female, Mrs Gertrude Shilling, ever wears really large chapeaus. You can see the racetrack in the image below.


The universe ‘s most celebrated tennis tourney is Wimbledon. It started at a little nine in south London in the 19th century. Now a batch of the nineteenth-century traditions have changed. For illustration, the adult females participants do n’t hold to have on long skirts. And the work forces participants do n’t hold towear long pants.

But other traditions have n’t changed at Wimbledon. The tribunals are still grass, and visitants still eat strawberries waterless pick. The linguistic communication of tennis has n’t changed either. Did you know that “ love ” ( zero ) comes from “ l’oeuf ” ( the egg ) in French?


“ Vintage ” autos have to be. more than fifty old ages old and in really good status. Lotsof people keep or collect vintage autos. And on the first Sunday in November there ‘s a race or “ Tally ” for them. It starts in London and it finishes in Brighton, a town on the south seashore of England. That ‘s a distance of 70 kilometers.

Before 1896 a adult male with a ruddy flag had to walk in forepart of autos. In 1896 that changed. A group of happy drivers broke their flags and drove to Brighton. There they had a party. Now the mass meeting is a clean tradition.

A batch of the people in the mass meeting wear “ vintage ” apparels, excessively. In a 1910 auto, for illustration, the driver and riders wear 1910 chapeaus and coats.


Traditionally Boxing Day is a twenty-four hours for foxhunting. The hunters and huntswomen ride Equus caballuss. They use Canis familiariss, excessively. The Canis familiariss ( flim-flam hounds ) follow the odor of the fox. Then the hunters and huntswomen follow the hounds.

Before a Boxing Day Hunt, the hunters and huntswomen drink hot vino. But the tradition of the December 26th Hunt is altering. Now, some people want to halt Boxing Day Hunts ( and other Hunts, excessively ) . They do n’t wish foxhunting. For them it ‘s non a athletics – it ‘s cruel.


This featuring tradition is Scots. In the Highlands ( the mountains of Scotland ) households, or “ kins ” , started the Games 100s of old ages ago.

Some of the athleticss at the Games are international: the high leap and the long leap, for illustration. But other athleticss go on merely at the Highland Games. One is fliping the caber “ Tossing ” means throwing, and a “ caber ” is a long, heavy piece of wood. In fliping the caber you lift the caber ( it can be five or six meters tall ) . Then you throw it in forepart of you.

At the Highland Games a batch of work forces wear kilts. These are traditional Scots skirts for work forces. But they ‘re non all the same. Each kin has a different “ plaid ” . That ‘s the name for the form on the kilt. So at the Highland Games there are traditional athleticss and traditional apparels. And there ‘s traditional music, excessively, from Scotland ‘s national instrument -the bagpipes. The bagpipes are really loud. They say Scottish soldiers played them before a conflict. The noise frightened the soldiers on the other side.


The grouse is a little bird. It lives in the North of England and in Scotland. It tastes really good. But people ca n’t hit grouse all the clip. They can merely hit them for a few months of the twelvemonth. And the first twenty-four hours ofthe grouse “ season ” is August 12th. On that twenty-four hours, “ the glorious twelfth ” , huntsmans send their grouse to London eating houses. There, people wait for the first grouse of the twelvemonth. But there ‘s good intelligence for the grouse, excessively – the season ends on December 10th each twelvemonth!

The Humanistic disciplines


Do you like classical music? Every summer in London thereare two months of particular concerts at the Royal Albert Hall. These are the “ Proms ” . Sir Henry Wood started the Proms ( short for “ promenade ” concerts ) in the 19th century

Now they ‘re a tradition in British musical life.

A batch of immature people go to the Proms. They buy inexpensive tickets and stand up for the concerts. They are the “ promenaders ” . There are seats excessively, but the tickets for those cost more.

The music at the Proms comes from some of the best vocalists and orchestras in the universe. And on the last dark there ‘s a large party at the Royal Albert Hall. Peoples bring balloons and paper chapeaus. The orchestra dramas popular classical music and at the terminal everyone sings “ Rule Britannia ” .


Actors have tonss of traditions and superstitious notions. For illustration, you do n’t state “ good fortune ” to an histrion. You say “ interrupt a leg It ‘s unusual but true. “ Good fortune ” is bad fortune. Besides, histrions ne’er say the name of Shakespeare ‘s celebrated drama “ Macbeth ” . They ever call it “ The Scots Play ” . In theatres the name Macbeth brings bad fortune.

A 3rd tradition is about whistling. You must ne’er whistle in a theatre dressing room. Person who whistles must travel out of the room and bend around three times. Merely affer that, can they strike hard on the door and come in once more.


Every August, Edinburgh in Scotland has the biggest art festival in Europe. There are dramas, concerts and exhibitions from states all over the universe. That ‘s the “ official ” festival. But there ‘s an “ unofficial ” festival, excessively. This is called the Edinburgh “ Fringe ” . At the Fringe, visitants can see cheaper concerts and dramas by pupils.


Pantomimes are traditional British dramas. They are for kids, and you them at Christmas. Some celebrated dumb shows are: Curie
lla, Aladdin, Peter Pa
and Babes in the Wood.
A batch of these narratives are really old. In dumb show there ‘s ever a immature hero. He ‘s the Principal Boy, but the histrion is normally a adult female. Besides, there ‘s ever a good story, old adult female. She ‘s the Pantomime.


An Eisteddfod is an humanistic disciplines festival in Wales. Peoples sing and read their poesy in the Welsh linguistic communication. The Welsh name for there poets is “ bards ” . Peoples besides play music. The harp is really popular in Wales. You can ever hear harp music at an Eisteddfod. But Eisteddfods are n’t lust festivals. They ‘re besides competitions to happen the best vocalists, instrumentalists and poets in Wales.


Britain ‘s capital metropolis is full of traditions and imposts. Here ‘s aguide to merely a few of them.


Every twelvemonth there ‘s a new Lord Mayor of London. The Mayor is the metropolis ‘s traditional leader. And the 2nd Saturday in November is ever the twenty-four hours for the Lord Mayor ‘s Show.
This cercnionv is over six hundred old ages old. It ‘s besides London ‘s biggest parade.

The Lord Mayor drives to the Royal Courts of Justice ( near Fleet Street ) in a manager. The manager is two hundred old ages old. It ‘s ruddy and gold and it has six Equus caballuss. You can see it in the image above.

There ‘s besides a large parade. Peoples make particular costumes and act narratives from London ‘s history.


This is Europe ‘s biggest street carnival. A batch of people in the Notting Hill country of London come from the West Indies – a group of islands in the Caribbean. And for two yearss in August, Notting Hill is
the West Indies. There ‘s West Indian nutrient and music in the streets. There ‘s besides a large parade and people dance twenty-four hours and dark.


Londoners from the E of the citv are “ Cockneys ” . There are a batch of traditional Cockney looks. For illustration, Cockneys do n’t state “ stepss ‘ – they say “ apples and pears ” . And they do n’t sav “ face ” – they say “ boat race ” . This is Cockney riming slang.

The Cocknevs have male monarchs and Queenss, excessively – the ‘pearly ‘ male monarchs and Queenss. They wear speLial costumes on of import yearss. Each costume has 1000s of pearl buttons.


William the Conqueror and his ground forces landed in England from France in the twelvemonth 1066. In 1078 he started to construct theTower of London. Now, nine hundred old ages subsequently, this celebrated palace is full of history and tradition.

The guards at the Tower are called Beefeaters. Uheir name comes from a Gallic word – boufitiers.
Boufitiers were guards in the castles of Gallic male monarchs. They proiceted the male monarch ‘s nutrient.

You will see some big, black birds at the Tower of London. Fliese are the Corvus coraxs at the Tower. Ravens have lived al the Tower of London for 100s of vears.

Peoples go to see the Beefeaters and the Corvus coraxs, but that ‘s notall. Visitors to the Tower go to see the Crown Jewel, too.There are eight Crowns. There are besides a batch of other verv celebrated gems in the gem room. In fact the Crown Jewels arc the biggest tourer attractive force in London.

In the eventide there is another old usage at the l~ower of London – the Ceremony of the Keys. At 9.53 precisely, the Beefeaters close the Tower. Then at 10.00 they give the keys to the Governor of the Tower. That ‘s because a long clip ago the Tower of London was a prison for of import captives:

Anne Boleyn ( Henry VIII ‘s 2nd married woman ) , Sir Walter Raleigh, Guy Fawkes, and many others.

Everyday life Everyday life


The British talk about the conditions a batch. For illustration, ”Is n’t it a beautiful forenoon? ” or, ‘ & # 8217 ; Very cold today, is n’t it? ” They talk about the conditions because it changes so frequently. Wind, rain, sun cloud, snow — they can all go on in a British winter — or a British summer.


At British Bankss, stores, film, theatres or bus Michigans you can ever see people in waiting lines. They stand in a line and delay softly, frequently for a long clip. Each new individual stands at the terminal of the waiting line – sometimes in rain, air current or snow.

Shaking Handss

Hundreds of old ages ago, soldiers began this usage. They shook custodies to demo that they did n’t hold a blade. Now, agitating custodies is a usage in most states. In Britain you do n’t agitate custodies with your friends and familv. But you do
agitate custodies when you meet a individual for the first clip. You besides sav “ How make you make? ” This is non reallv a inquiry, it ‘s a tradition. The right reply is exactlv the same, “ How make you make? ”

Card games

The British sen ‘d birthday cards and frequently give birthday nowadayss. There are cards for other yearss, excessively:

Christmas cards, Valentine ‘s Dav cards, Mother ‘s Day cards, Father ‘s Day cards, Easter cards, Marrying Anniversary cards, Good Luck cards, “ Praises On Your New Baby ” cards, and “ Get Well Soon ” cards.


It ‘s the usage to hold a party to observe:

A individual ‘s birthday

A new house

Christmas ( at place, and frequently in offices, excessively )

An battle ( a promise to get married )

A nuptials ( matrimony )

New Year ‘s Eve


When people are bad tempered we say that they must hold got out of bed on the incorrect side. Originally, it was meant quiet literally. Peoples believe that the manner they rose inthe forenoon affected their behaviour throughout the twenty-four hours. The incorrect side of the bed was the left side. The left ever holding beenlinked with immorality.


The usage of holding tapers on birthday bars goes backto the ancient Greeks. Believers of Artemis, goddess of the Moon and hunting, used to put honey bars on the communion tables of her temples on her birthday. The bars were round like the full Moon and lit with tapers. This usage was following recorded in the in-between ages when German provincials illuminated tapers on birthday bars, the figure lit bespeaking the individual ‘s age, plus an excess one to stand for the visible radiation of life. From earliest yearss firing tapers had been endued with mystical significance and it was believedthat when blown out they had the power to allow a secret want and guarantee a happy twelvemonth in front.

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