Customs and Traditions in Britain
Customss and Traditions in Britain
Some British imposts and traditions are famousall over the universe and a batch of them have really long histories. First I will tellyou about British imposts during the twelvemonth. In January, there is a festival, calledUp-Helly-Aa.In the 9th century, work forces from Norway came to the Shetlands. The Shetlands areislands near Scotland. These work forces were theVikings. They came to Britain in shipsand carried away animate beings, gold, and sometimes adult females and kids, excessively. Now, 1000 old ages subsequently, people in the Shetlands retrieve the Vikings with a festival.They call the festival “ Up-Helly-Aa ” . Every winter the people of Lerwick, thisis a town in the Shetlands, make a theoretical account of a ship. It & # 1169 ; s a Viking ” longship ” , with the caput of a firedrake at the forepart. Then, on Up-Helly-Aa nightin January, the Shetlanders frock inViking apparels, carry the ship through thetown to the sea and there they burn it. They do this because the Vikings puttheir dead work forces in the ship and burned them. It goes without stating that therearen & # 1169 ; t any work forces in the modern ships. Now the festival is a party for thepeople of the Shetland Islands. Like our traditions there is besides in BritainSt Valentine & # 1169 ; sDay in February andApril Fool & # 1169 ; sDay on April1st. In May there is besides a tradition with a longhistory. May 1st was an of import twenty-four hours in the Middle Ages. In the veryearly forenoon, immature misss went to the Fieldss and washed their faces with dew.They belived this made themvery beautiful for a twelvemonth after that. Besides onMayDay the immature work forces of each small town tried towin awards with their bows and pointers, and people danced around the maypole.Many English small towns still have a maypole, and on May 1st, thevillagers dance unit of ammunition it. Midsummer & # 1169 ; sDay is on June 24th. This isthe longest twenty-four hours of the twelvemonth. On that twenty-four hours you can see a really old usage atStonehenge in Wiltshire. Stonehenge is one of Europe & # 1169 ; s biggest stonecircles, a batch of the rocks are 10 or 12 meters high. It & # 1169 ; s besides veryold, the earliest portion of Stonehenge is about 5 000 old ages old. The Druids, theywere the priests in Britain 2 000 old ages ago, used it for a calendar. They usedthe Sun and the rocks at Stonehenge to cognize the start of months and seasons.There are Druids in Britain today, excessively and every June 24th a batch ofthem go to Stonehenge, because on that forenoon the Sun radiances on one famousstone-the Heel rock. For the Druids this is a really of import minute in theyear. In October is Halloween. Halloween is an oldword for “ Hallows Evening ” , the dark bevor “ All Saints & # 1169 ; Day ” . On that onenight of the twelvemonth, shades and enchantresss are free. A long clip ago people wereafraid and stayed at place on Hallowe & # 1169 ; en. But now in Britain it & # 1169 ; s atime for merriment. There are ever a batch of parties on October 31st. Atthese parties people wear masks and they dress as shades and enchantresss, or asDracula or Frankenstein & # 1169 ; s monster. And some peoples make particular Halloweenlamps from Cucurbita pepos. November 5th isGuy Fawkes & # 1169 ; Day in Britain. All over the countrypeople physique wood fires or “ bonefires ” , in their gardens. On top of each bonfireis a cat. That & # 1169 ; s a figure of Guy Fawkes. Peoples make cats with straw, oldclothes and newspapers. The British remember Guy Fawkes on November5th, because on this twenty-four hours in the twelvemonth 1605, he tried to kill KingJames I. He and a group of friends put a bomb under the Houses of Parliament inLondon. But the King & # 1169 ; s work forces found the bomb and found Guy Fawkes, excessively. Theytook him to the Tower of London and there the King & # 1169 ; s work forces cut off hishead. In December there are tonss of Christmas and NewYear traditionsin Britain. Before Christmas, groups of vocalists go fromhouse to house. They collect money and sing traditional Christmas vocals orcarols. There are a batch of really popular BritishChristmasCarols. Three celebrated 1s are: “ Good KingWenceslas ” , “ The Holly and The Ivy ” and “ We Three Kings ” . OnChristmasEve that & # 1169 ; s on December24th, British kids don & # 1169 ; t open their nowadayss. FatherChristmas brings their nowadayss inthe dark and so they open them on themorning of the twenty-fifth. In Britain the most of import repast on December25th is Christmas dinner. About all Christmas nutrient is traditional, but a batch of the traditionsare non really old. For illustration, there were no turkeysin Britain before 1800. And even in the 19th century, goose was thetraditional meat at Christmas, but non now. A twentieth- century BritishChristmas dinner is roast Meleagris gallopavo with carrots, murphies, peas, Brussels sproutsand gravy, but there are sausages and bacon, excessively. Then, after the Meleagris gallopavo, thereis Christmas pudding. Crackers are besides usual at Christmas dinner. These came toBritain from China in the 19th century. Two people pull a cracker andusually there & # 1169 ; s a little plaything in the center and frequently there & # 1169 ; s a gag ona piece of paper, excessively. December 26th isBoxingDay. Traditionally boys from the stores ineach town asked for money at Christmas. They went from house to house onDecember 26th and took boxes made of wood with them. At each housepeople gave them money and this was their Christmas nowadays. So the name ofDecember 26th doesn & # 1169 ; t come frome the athletics of pugilism, it comesfrom the male childs & # 1169 ; wooden boxes. Now, Boxing Day is an excess vacation afterChristmas Day. In Scotland there is a tradition, calledFirstFooting. The name for New Year & # 1169 ; s Evein Scotland isHogmanay. After midnight people visit their friends and they takea piece of coal as a present, because traditionally the first visitant of theyear must transport coal into the house. This is first terms and it brings goodluck. It besides helps to do fire in the center of winter. In Britain there are many RoyalTraditions. For illustration thetrooping of thecolour: The Queen is the lone individual in Britain with twobirthdays. Her existent birthday is on April 21st, but she has an ” functionary ” birthday on the 2nd Saturday in June, excessively. And on the Queen & # 1169 ; sofficial birthday, there is a traditional ceremonial called the Trooping of theColour. It & # 1169 ; s a large parade with brass sets and 100s of soldiers atHorse Guards & # 1169 ; Parade in London. A “ regiment ” of the Queen & # 1169 ; s soldiers, the Guards, March in forepart of her and at the forepart of the parade is theregiment & # 1169 ; s & # 1103 ; ag or “ coloring material ” , which the guards are parading. Thousands ofLondoners and visitants watch in Horse Guards & # 1169 ; Parade and 1000000s of peopleat place ticker it on telecasting. The changing of theguard is an another royaltradition: This happens every twenty-four hours at Buckingham Palace, theQueen & # 1169 ; s place in London. Soldiers stand in forepart of the pala
Ce. Each morningthese soldiers ( the “ guard ” ) alteration. One group leaves and another arrives. Insummer and winter tourers stand outside the castle at 11.30 every forenoon andwatch the Changing of the Guard.
Maundy Thursday is the twenty-four hours before Good Friday, at Easter. On that twenty-four hours the Queen gives Maundy money to a group of old people.This tradition is over 1,000 old ages old. At one clip the male monarch or queen washed thefeet of hapless, old people on Maundy Thursday, but that stopped in1754.
Here & # 1169 ; s a really different royal tradition. Onthe River Thames thereare hundred & # 1169 ; s of swans and a batch of these beautifulwhite birds belong, traditionally, to the male monarch of queen. In July the immature Swanson the Thames are about two months old. Then the Queen & # 1169 ; s affirm keeper goes, in a boat, from LondonBridge to Henley. He looks at all the immature swans andmarks the royal 1s. The name of this unusual but interesting usage is SwanUpping.
The Queen & # 1169 ; sTelegramm:
This usage is non really old, but it & # 1169 ; s forvery old people. On his or her one hundreth birthday, a British individual gets atelegram from the Queen. The Birthday Honours list andthe new twelvemonth & # 1169 ; s honours list: Twice a twelvemonth at Buckingham Palace, the Queengives rubrics or “ honours ” , one time in January and one time in June. There are a batch ofdifferent honours. Here are a few: C.B.E. – Companion of the BritishEmpire O.B.E. – Order of the BritishEmpire M.B.E. – Member of the BritishEmpire These honours began inthe 19th century, because so Britain had an imperium. Knighthood – a knight has “ Sir ” before his name.A new knight kneels in forepart of the Queen. She touches foremost his right shoulder, so his left shoulder with a blade. Then she says “ Arise, Sir… and his firstname, and the knight stands. Peerage – a equal is a Godhead. Peers sit in theHouse of Lords, which is one portion of the Houses of Parliament. The other portion isthe House of Commons. Dame/Baroness – these are two of the highesthonours for a adult female. The State gap ofParliament: The parliament, non the Royal Familiy, controlsmodern Britain. But traditionally the Queen opens Parliamentevery fall. She travels from BuckinghamPalace to the Houses of Parliament ina gold passenger car – the Irish State Coach. At the Houses of Parliament the Queensits on a “ throne ” in the House of Lords. Then she reads the “ Queen & # 1169 ; sSpeech ” . At the State Opening of Parliament the Queen wears a Crown and shewears other gems from the Crown Jewels, excessively. The Order of the GarterCeremony: The order of the Garter ceremonial has a longhistory. King Edward III started the Order in the 14th century. At thattime, the people in the Order were the 24 bravest knights in England.Now the knights of the Order aren & # 1169 ; t all soldiers. They & # 1169 ; re members ofthe House of Lords, church leaders or politicans and there are some foreignknights, excessively. For illustration, the King of Norway, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg andthe Emperor of Japan. They & # 1169 ; rhenium called Extra Knights of the Garter.The Queenis the Sovereign of the Order of the Garter. But she isn & # 1169 ; t the lone royalperson in the Order.Prince Charles and Prince Philip are Royal Knights, and theQueen Mother is a Lady of the Garter.In June the Order has a trditionalceremony at Windsor Castle. This is the Queen & # 1169 ; s favourite palace andit & # 1169 ; s besides the place of the Order of the Garter. All the knights walk fromthe palace to St George & # 1169 ; s Chapel, the royal church at Windsor. They wearthe traditional apparels or “ robes ” of the Order. These robes are really heavy.In fact King EdwardVIII one time called them “ pathetic ” . But they & # 1169 ; re animportant portion of one of Britain & # 1169 ; s oldest traditions. The Queen & # 1169 ; s ChristmasSpeech: Now here & # 1169 ; s a modern royal usage. OnChristmas Day at3.00 in the afternoon, the Queen makes a address on wireless andTV. It & # 1169 ; s ten proceedingss long and in it she talks to the people of the UnitedKingdom and the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth is a big group of states. Inthe past they were all in the British Empire. Australia, India, Canada and NewZealand are among the 49 members. The B.B.C. ( the British BroadcastingCorporation ) sends the Queen & # 1169 ; s address to everyCommonwealth Country. In her address the Queen negotiations about thepast twelvemonth. Traditionally in addresss, male monarchs or Queenss say “ we ” , non “ I ” . QueenElizabeth II doesn & # 1169 ; t make this. She says “ My hubby and I ” , or merely ” I ” .
British Food and Drink:
First, theEnglishBreakfast: In a existent English breakfast you have fried eggs, bacon, sausage, tomato and mushrooms. Then there & # 1169 ; s toast andmarmalade.
British peopleeat battercakes on Shrove Tuesday inFebruary or March. For battercakes you need & # 1103 ; our, eggs and milk, so you eat themwith sugar and lemon. In some parts of Britain there are pancake races on ShroveTuesday.People race with a frying pan in one manus. They have to flip thepancake, throw it in the air and catch it once more in the fryingpan.
Haggis is a traditional nutrient from Scotland. Youmake it with meat, onions, & # 1103 ; our, salt and Piper nigrum. Then you boil it in the skinfrom a sheep & # 1169 ; s tummy. In Scotland, people eat haggis on Burns Night.Robert Burns was a Scots poet in the 18 century, so every twelvemonth Scotspeople all over the universe retrieve him and read his verse form.
Tea is Britain & # 1169 ; s favorite drink andit & # 1169 ; s besides a repast in the afternoon. You can imbibe tea at place or in hotel.Tea at the Ritz hotel in London is really good. Youcan drink Indian or Chinatea.
Public houses are an of import portion of British life.People talk, eat, imbibe, run into their friends and loosen up at that place. The peoplesdon & # 1169 ; t travel in saloon to imbibe a batch, but instead merely to run into their friends.They are unfastened at lunch period and once more in the eventide, but they close at 11o & # 1169 ; clock. The word saloon is short for public house. There are are 1000s inBritain, and they all sell pub tiffins. One of these isa Ploughman & # 1169 ; sLunch, a really simple repast of staff of life and cheese. Pubs besides sell beer. Thetraditional sort is called “ existent ale ” . That & # 1169 ; s a really strong beer from anold formula. In the saloon in south-west England there & # 1169 ; s another traditionaldrink, which is called scrumpy. You make this drink with apples, but it & # 1169 ; snot a simple fruit juice. It & # 1169 ; s really strong. Pub names frequently have a longtradition. Some come from the thirteenth or 14th century. Every saloon has aname and has a mark above its door. The mark shows a image of the saloon & # 1169 ; sname.