The researchers would like to thank the following people and organisations for all their help in making the study possible: Cyber Bullying Research Centre, particularly Debarati Halder for all her insights; Mrs. Vasundhara Sanghi, Mrs. Ruby Pavri, Mrs. Noellene Fialho, Ms. Panna Mehta,Dr. Anuradha Sovani. Sociologists Father Arun D’souza, Mr. P. S Vivek from the University of Mumbai Mrs. Amrita Nadkarni , Mrs. Madhuri.
Cyber cell Investigation Centre, Mumbai, Cyber cell Inspector Sanjay Jadhav, Inspector Liyakat Nadaf, and Inspector Nandakishore More. Mrs. Ketaki Gadre for her guidance, particularly in the initial stages of the study, and Sujay Sabnis, for all his help and advice from time to time. We would like to express gratitude for our professor, Dr. Gautam Gawli for encouraging us to take this topic. Constructive feedback and suggestions from a large number of friends have gone into the making of this project. We are extremely grateful to all the people who have helped us and contributed in their own respective ways.
Literature Review o Types of cyber bullying o Factors causing cyber bullying o Review of Previous research studies o Impact on the victims of cyber bullying o Cyber bullying in India o Interventions • Methodology o Objectives of the study o Hypothesis o Participants o Tools and instruments • Results and Discussion o T – test analysis o Thematic analysis • General discussion o Psychologist’s Perspective o Sociologist’s Perspective o Legal Perspective • Conclusion • Bibliography • Appendix
The internet at present is a virtual play ground intended for data sharing and bridging communication gaps. The internet has not just become a tool for better interaction but also can be considered as a complete social environment by itself. Teenagers and adolescents are increasingly using the internet to express various developmental processes, social identity and sexuality to name a few. However the internet is also being misused to serve several selfish purposes.
This phenomenon better known as Cyber Crime, is neither a novel episode in cyber space nor it is an uncommon one. Any criminal activity that uses a computer either as an instrumentality, target or a means for perpetuating further crimes comes within the ambit of cyber crime” One of the types of cyber crime is cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using technological means; an individual or group that uses information and communication involving electronic technologies to facilitate deliberate and repeated harassment or threat to an individual or group. It is also known as ‘Electronic Bullying’ & ‘Online Social Cruelty’
Cyber bullying is defined as“willful and repeated harm inflicted through the medium of electronic text” (Patchin and Hinduja 2006:152), this negative experience not only undermines a youth’s freedom to use and explore valuable on-line resources, but also can result in severe functional and physical ramifications. “Flaming’: Online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar language ¦ “Harassment”: Repeatedly sending offensive, rude, and insulting messages ¦ “Cyber stalking”: Repeatedly sending messages that include threats of harm or are highly intimidating.
Engaging in other on-line activities that make a person afraid for his or her own safety ¦ “Denigration”: ‘Dissing’ someone online. Sending or posting cruel gossip or rumors about a person to damage his or her reputation or friendships ¦ “Impersonation”: Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material online that makes that person look bad, gets that person in trouble or danger, or damages that person’s reputation or friendships.